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30 Cards in this Set

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Mortality
Death
Morbidity
Ratio of sick to well persons in a defined population.
Leading Causes of Death
Infants (less than 12 months)
1 Congenital Anomalies
2 Disorders relation to shor gestation and LBW.
3 SIDS
Causes of Death
Early Childhood: 1 to 4 years
Injury
Congenital anomalies.
Malignant neoplasms.
Cause of Death
Childhood: 5 to 9 years
Injury
Malignant neoplasms.
Congenital anomalies.
Cause of Death
Later Childhood: 10 to 14 years
Unintentional injury.
Malignant neoplasms.
Suicide.
Cause of Death:
Adolescence: 15 to 19 years
Unintentional Injury
Homicide
Suicide
True Contraindications to Immunizations.
1 Moderate or severe illnesses with or without fever.
2 Anaphylactic reactionto a vaccine or a vaccine constituent.
Not A True Contraindication and GIVE VACCINE.
Mild to moderate local reaction.
Mild acute illness with or without low-grade fever.
Current microbial therapy
Convalescent phase of illness.
Prematurity.
Recent exposure to an infectious disease.
History of Penicillin or other nonspecific allergies or fact that relative has such allergies.
Natural Immunity
Immunity that is permanent from birth, innate or genetic.
Naturally Acquired Active
Protection obtained by having the disease.
Naturally Acquired Passive
Obtained antibodies via placental transmission or by breast milk.
Artificially Acquired Active
Development of protection by vaccination with live, attenuated or dead organism or its toxin (toxoid) so that the immune system produces antibodies. ALL Immuninations.
Artificially Acquired Passive
Prophylactic protection obtained by injecting antibodies directly into the individual. It produces no active involvement of the individual's immune system and therefore, immunity steadily decreases. FLU SHOT and TETANUS.
Mortality and Mobidity help:
Identify ways to promote child health.
Advances in treatment and prevention.
Information for health counseling.
To determine high risk age groups.
Macule
A lesion that is flat or flush with the skin surface.
Papule
A lesion that is elevated from the skin surface.
Vesicle
A fluid filled papule.
Crust
Secondary lesion caused by the secretions of vesicles drying on the skin.
Discrete lesions
Lesions that are separated by areas of normal skin.
Coalesced lesions
Lesions that have fused or run together.
Incubation
Interval between exposure and disease.
Prodromal stage
Interval between the first appearance of symptoms to the skin eruption.
Period of Communicability
Period during which the patient is capable of transmitting illness to someone else.
Incidence of Death due to Unintentional Injury.
Age 1 to 4:
MVA
Drowning
Fire/Burns
Incidence of Death due to Unintentional Injury.
Age 5 to 9 years.
MVA
Drowning
Fire/Burns
Incidence of Death due to Unintentional Injury.
Age 10 to 14 years.
MVA
Drowning
Other Land Transport
Incidence of Death due to Unintentional Injury.
Age 15 to 19 years.
MVA
Poisoning
Drowning
Characteristics of Accident Prone Setting
Thursday - Saturday
Increased Stress
Hungry Child (3pm to 6pm)
Grandparents home #1 place
Characteristics of Accident Prone Child
Bright, alert, adventurous.
Increased level of general activity.
Daring.
Excessively curious.
Happy go lucky personality.
Mimic older children or adults.
Inability to delay gratification.
Exaggerated oral tendencies.
High strung; Hot headed.
Stubborn or hard headed.
Easily Frustrated.
Poor concentration or attention.
Lack of self control.
Aggressive.