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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
compensation
attempt to overcome feelings of inferiortiy or make up for deficiency
conversion
channeling of unvearable anxieties into body signs and symptoms
denial
refusal to acknowledge conflict and thus escapes reality of situation
displaacement
redirecting of energies to antother person of object
fantasy
distortion of unacceptiable wishes, behaviors
identification
taking on o personal characteristics of admired person to conceal own feelings of inadequacy
intellectualization
focusing of attention on technical or logical aspects of threatening situation
isolation
separation of feelings from content to cope unemotionmally with topics that would noramlly be overwhleming
projection
putting of one's own unacceptable thoughs, wishes, emotions onto others
rationalization
use of a "good" (but not real), reason to explain behavior to make unacceptable motiveation more acceptable
reaction formation
prevention of expression of threatening material by engaging in behaviors that are directly opposite to repressed material
regression
coing with present conflict, stress by returning to earlier, more secure stage of life
restitution
giving back to resolve guilt feelings
sublimation
unconsious channeling of unacceptable behaviors into constructive, more socially approved areas
substitution
Disguising of motivations by replacing inappropriate behaviors with one that is more acceptable
suppression
removeal of conlict by removing anxiety from consciousness
symbolization
use of an unrelated object to represent hidden idea
undoing
inappropriate behavior that is followed by acts to take away or reverse action and decrease guilt and anxiety
acupuncture
inserting of fine needles into the skin along specific sites ont he body
affective
pertaining to motion, mood, or feeling
biofeedback
a process that provides visual or auditory information about autonomic body functions
closed system
set of interacting, related units with rigid, energy and eventually shorten survival
cognition
activities of teh mind characterized by knowing, learning, judging, reasoning, and memory
cognitive
pertaining to the mental processes of comprehension, judgment, memor, and reasoning
defense mechanisms
unconscious, intrapsychic reaction that offers protection to the self from sa stressful situation
ego
in psychoanalysis, the part o the psyche that experiences and maintains conscious contact with reality; rational part of the personality; eat of mental processes such as perception and memory; develops defese mechanisms to cope with anxiety
equilibrium
attemptof a system or organism to maintain a steady state or balance within itself and among other systems
homeostasis
tendancy of the body to acieve and maintain a steady internal state
id
in psychanalysis the part of the psyche functioning in the unconscious that is the souce of istincitve energy, inpulses, and drives; based on teh pleasure priciple; has strong tendencies toward self-preservation
inferiority
feeling of being inadequate or less than others
Libidinal engergy
drive to reproduce
Life space
the psychological field or space in which one moves
model
Example orpattern that privides a matrix or framework for a theory
neuropeptides
Neuroransmitters composed of amino acid strings that interact with the endocrine, immune, and nervous system
neurotransmiters
Chemicalsfound in the nervous sstem tha facilitate the transmission of energy and act as the body's chemical messenger system
open system
set of interacting, related units with permeavle boundaries through which matter, energy, and information pass
perosonification
According to Harry stack sullivan, distorted images of certain relationhips that spill over or tranfer into other relationships
phototherapy
exposure of clients to full-spectrum light for certain periods during the day for the relief of depressive symptoms that occur during the winter months
pyche
vital or spiritual aspect of the individual as opposed to the body or soma; total components of the id, ego, and superego, including all conscious and unconscious aspects
psychoanalyis
branch of psychiatry founded by Sigmund Freud devoted to the study of the psychology of human behavior; also a therapy for certain emotional disorders that investigates teh workings of the mind
psychobiology
study of the biochemical foundations of thought, mood, emotion, afect, and behavior
psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
the study of interactions among the body's cental nervous system,its immune system, and aspects of the personality
psychotherapy
any of a large number of related methods of treating mental-emotional disorders by psychological techniques rather than by physical means
soma
the body, as distinguishedfrom the mind or psyche
somatic therapy
physical interventions that affect behavioral changes
stressor
A nonspecific responce of the body to any demand placed on it
superego
part of the psyche, functioning mostly in the unconscious, that develops when the standards of the parents and society are incorporated into the ego
theory
statement that predicts, explains, or describes a relationship among events, concepts, or ideas