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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
smallest structure of mammary gland
Alveoli
darkened area surrounding nipple
Areola
thin, yellow fluid, precursor of milk, secreted for a few days days after birth
Colostrum
suspensory ligament, fibrous bands extending from the inner breast surface to the chest wall muscles
Cooper's Ligaments
benign breast mass
Fibroadenoma
excessive breast development in the male
Gynecomastia
serosanguinous nipple discharge
Intraductal Papilloma
nipples that are depressed or invaginated
Inverted
conveying milk
Mastitis
inflammation of the breast
Montgomery's Gland
sebaceous glands in the areola, secrete protective lipid during lactation; also called tubercles of Montgomery
Paget's disease
intraductal carcinoma in the breast
Peaud' orange
orange-peel appearance of the breast due to edema
Retraction
dimple or pucker on the skin
Striae
atrophic pink, purple, or white linear streaks on the breast, associated with pregnancy, excessive weight gain, or rapid growth during adolescence
Supernumerary nipple
minute extra nipple along the embryonic milk line
Supernumderary nipple
extension of breast tissue into the axilla
Tail of Spence
red, round, superficial ulcer with a yellowish serous discharge that is a sign of syphilis
Chance
soft, pointed, fleshy papules that occur on the genitalia and are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV)
Condylomata Acuminata
undeescended testes
Cryptorchidism
inflammation of the urinary bladder
Cystitis
structure composed of coiled ducts located over the superior and posterior surfaced of the testes, which stores sperm
Epididymis
congenital defect in which urethra opens on the dorsal (upper) side of penis instead of at the tip
Epispadias
weak spot in abdominal muscle wall(usually in area of inguinal canal or femoral canal)through which a loop if bowel may protrude
Hernia
a sexually transmitted disease characterized by clusters of small painful vesicles, caused by a virus
Herpes Genitalis
cystic fluid in tunica vaginalis surrounding testis
Hydrocele
congenital defect in which urethra opens on the ventral (under) side of penis rather than at the tip
Hypospadias
acute inflammation of testis, usually associated with mumps
Orchitis
foreskin is retracted and fixed behind the glands penis
Paraphimosis
nontender, hard plaques on the surface of penis, associated with painful bending of penis during erection
Peyronie's disease
foreskin is advanced and tightly fixed behind the glans of penis
Phimosis
(foreskin) the hood or flap os skin over the glans penis that often is surgically removed after birth by circumcision
Prepuce
prolonged, painful erection of penis without sexual desire
Priapism
collection of vas deferens, blood vessels, lymphatic, and nerves that ascends along the testis and through the inguinal canal into the abdomen
Spermatic cord
rentention cyst in epididymis filled with milky fluid that contains sperm
Spermatocele
sudden twisting of spermatic cord; a surgical emergency
Torsion
dilated tortuous varicose veins in the spermatic cord
Varicocele
duct carrying sperm from the epididymis through the abdomen and then into the urethra
Vas deferens
painful longitudinal tear in tissue, e.g., in the superficial mucosa at the anal margin
Fissure
flabby papulesof skin or mucous membrane in the anal region caused by a vericose vein of the hemorrhoidal plexus
Hemorrhoid
blood in the stool
Melena
intching or burning sensation in the skin
Pruritus
excessive fat in the stool as in gastrointestinal malabsorption of fat
Steatorrhea
on of three semilunar transverse folds that cross one-half the circumference of the rectal lumen
Valves of Houston