Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/110

Click to flip

110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bollard
strong cylindrical upright on a pier, around which the eye or bight of a ship's mooring line is placed
cleat
device consisting of a double-ended pair of projecting horns used for securing a line or wire
bitts
heavy vertical cylinders usually arranged in pairs and used for making fast lines that have been led through chocks
chock
heavy fitting with smooth surfaces through which mooring lines are led
camel
a float used as a fender between two ships or a ship and a pier
rat guards
shields secured around mooring lines immediately after mooring, to prevent rats from coming aboard ships
chafing gear
canvas or other material placed around mooring lines to prevent wear
fenders
material designed to absorb the shock of contact between a ship and pier or between ships
padeye
a plate with an "eye" attached, welded to the deck to distribute the strain of a large area and to which a block can be hooked or shackled; also used in towing operations
lifelines
lines erected around the edges of decks
Jacob's ladder
flexible, portable ladder with ropes and rungs slung over the side for temporary use. commonly used for access to small boats secured to boat booms
capstan
separate vertical machinery units or part of the anchor windlass around which lines are passed, commonly used in mooring and anchoring evolutions
marlinespike seamanship
the art of handling, maintaining, and working with line or rope including every variety of knotting, splicing, and lashing
rope
general term used in the Navy to refer to both fiber and wire
line
mostly every fiber rope in use on board ship
line (in terms of measurement)
measured by circumference
wire rope (in terms of measurement)
measured by diameter and designated by the number of strands per rope and the number of wires per strand
marline
two-strand, tarred hemp small stuff for "serving" a line
houseline
three-strand, left-laid tarred hemp for light seizings, light rigging, and work exposed to weather
seizing stuff
not much larger than fishing line - it is used for fancier jobs than marline can accomplish
ratline stuff
dark brown and coarse, it is primarily used for snaking - nettings to prevent personnel from washing overboard
tattletale cord
small, natural line spaced into synthetic fiber line to provide an indication of the working load placed upon the fiber line
hawser
heavy line over 5 inches in circumference used for towing or mooring
bight
a loop of line or chain
bitter end
free end of a length of line, wire, chain, or cable
eye
closed loop in the end of a line
marlinespike
tapered steel tool used in splicing wire
fid
tapered wood tool used in splicing lines
coil
lay down a line in circular turns on top of one another
flemish
coil a line flat on deck
fake down
lay out a line in long, flat bights
heaving line
light weighted line thrown across to a ship or pier when coming alongside to act as a messenger for a mooring line
monkey fist
knot at the end of a heaving line to provide weight
rat-tailed stopper
line designed to take the strain of a working line while shifting the working line about bitts or cleats
mousing
light line across a hook to prevent a sling from slipping off of it or a pin from backing out
shot line
light nylon line used in a line-throwing gun
bolo
nylon line with a lead weight in canvas or leather, thrown from ship to ship or from a ship or from a ship to a pier
hull
the main body of a ship
draft
the vertical distance from the waterline to the keel. it is the minimum depth of water needed for the ship to float
list
the athwartship balance of the ship. it is measured by degrees on an inclinometer. a ship may have port list or a starboard list
bulkhead
"walls" aboard ship
shell plating
the sides of the hull
weatherdecks
the portion of the main deck and the upper levels exposed to the weather (topside)
overheads
"ceilings" aboard ships
compartments
"rooms" aboard ship. they are bounded by overheads, bulkheads, and decks
ballast
weight added to the lower part of the ship to keep her in balance
bilge keel
long, narrow fins fitted to both sides of the hull at the turn of the bilge to lessen rolling
bulwarks
vertical extensions above the deck edge of the shell plating
freeboard
the vertical distance from the waterline to the main deck
lifelines
light wire ropes supported by stanchions, they serve the same purpose as bulwarks
propeller guards
steel braces protruding from the hull directly above the propellers
stem
the point of the hull at the bow
stern
the area on the aft end of the ship where both sides meet
trim
the relationship between fore and aft draft
x-ray
least protective condition. allows for easy passage between compartments for conducting ship's operation. set during the workday and in well protected anchorages
yoke
provides more protection than x-ray. set and maintained at sea and inport after working hours
zebra
provides the highest degree of damage control readiness. set entering and leaving port during wartime, or during general quarters
circle x, y, or z
may be open without special permission, but must be closed after use
dog zebra
"darken ship" condition
william
vital sea suction valves that, if secured, would impair the mobility and fire protection of the ship
circle william
normally kept open, must be secured against CBR attacks
department heads
representative of the commanding officer in all matters pertaining to the department
commanding officer
charged with absolute responsibility for the safety, well-being, and efficiency of his or her command
command master chief
senior representative for the enlisted crew. she/he is in direct communication with the commanding officer and acts as an adviser on the formulation and implementation of policies pertinent to morale, welfare, job satisfaction, discipline, utilization and training of all enlisted personnel
executive officer
primarily responsible under the CO for the organization, performance of duty, and good order and discipline of the entire command
division officer
command a division of the unit's organization and serves as a direct representative of the CO within the division
leading chief petty officer
assists the DIVO in the administration, supervision and training of personnel within the division
dynamics of organization
human factors, responsibility rests on the CO
mechanics of organization
structure, can be illustrated by organization charts and job description
8 primary bridge watchstanders
officer of the deck
junior officer of the deck
conning officer
quartermaster of the watch
boatswain's mate of the watch
helm
lee helm
lookouts
7 primary CIC watchstanders
tactical watch officer
CIC watch officer
navigation plot
surface warfare coordinator
anti-air warfare coordinator
anti-submarine warfare coordinator
various communications and equipment stations
four types of radio watches
guard
cover
copy
listen
three types of call ups
single
multiple
collective
NCS
net control station dictates whether a given circuit will be free or directed
BREAK
BT
OVER
K
OUT
AR
ROGER
R
THIS IS
DE
receiving ship
normally the approach ship, maintains station on the control ship throughout the evolution
delivery ship
normally designated as the control ship, will maintain course/speed throughout the evolution, furnishes and handles the rig
romeo corpen and romeo speed
naval terminology for replenishment course and speed, considerations for selection include sea conditions, wind direction and speed
phone and distance line
assists the conning officer is monitoring the distance between the ships. rectangular, colored cloth markings spaced 20 feet apart: Green=O, Red=20, Yellow=40, Blue=60, White=80, Green=100, (repeats)
STREAM method
(standard tensioned replenishment alongside method)
1. most preferred method and requires most elaborate rig
2. hose is carried between two ships on a ramtensioned spanwire
3. ram tensioner adjusts for minor chnages in hull separation
4. the STREAM rig permits ships to open out between 80 to 200 feet. additionally, the high suspension of the hose keeps it out of the water during high seas
flag used in unrep
romeo
1 shot = ___ fathoms
15 fathoms
1 fathom = ___ ft
6 feet
YP 1 shot = ___ ft
15 feet
color of second to last shot
entirely yellow
color of last shot
entirely red
WWWWRWWWW stand for ___ th shot
third shot
6th shot has ___ colored detachable link
blue
sequence of weighing anchor
at short stay, up and down, aweigh
flag used for anchoring
uniform
chain stopper nearest the hawsepipe
housing stopper
two different ways of mooring to a mooring buoy
dip rope
trolley
struck and released during letting go anchor
pelican hook
GGGGGGGGGGGGGGWWWBWWWGGGGGGGGGGGG
shot number 3
amount of chain used when anchoring (rule of thumb)
5-7 times the depth of water
five controllable forces
lines
anchors
tugs
engines
rudder
(LATER)
four uncontrollable forces
wind
sea state
current
shallow water effect / squat
pivot point
point about which the ships turns when moving ahead
transfer
distance made good perpendicular to the advance
advance
distance made good in the direction of the original course when the ship is turned
tactical diameter
distance made good perpendicular to a original course when turning to a reverse heading
twist
a spiral turn produced by opposing the ship's engines
flood current
water flowing inland
ebb current
water flowing out to sea
reversing current
most common type of current, the direction of flood is nearly opposite the direction of ebb
rotary current
normally found off-shore or in areas where tidal flow is not restricted by barriers, the current flows continuously in one direction passing through 360 degrees once each tidal day