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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Subject of a Verb
The subject of a verb (nominative)

Ex: Caesar erat foris.
Caesar was fortunate.
predicate noun
the noun after "is"

Caesar erat dux.
Caesar was the leader
Direct address

Mi fili, noli esse avarus.
My sons, be willing to be greedy.
Let's go
Showing possesion:
The book of mine, friend of mine

Ex: Femina pecuniam viri cepit.
The girl received the money of the man.
Quality Description
genitive that attributes a quality to the object it modifies
Man of contraditions

Ex: Erat vir magnae sapientiae
He was a man of great wisdom.
It is the whole. It shows the part.
part of the people. People is in genitive

Ex: Vidi multa milia viroum.
I saw many thousand of men.
If the noun that the genitive modifies is an action

Ex: Amor currendi pedibus nocuit.
Love of running kills the feet.
running is the objective genitive because love is an action expressed as a noun.
With adjectives
Modifies an adjective
This sentence is devoid of meaning. Meaning is in genitive

Ex: Poeta avidus famae est.
The poet is greedy of (for) fame.

in for of
With verbs of remembering
Verbs of remembering take the genitive

Humanae infirmitates memini
I rememberd the weakness of human
Verbs of accusation takes the genitive.


Ex: Perfidiae accusatus est
He is accused of being perfidious.
With verbs of feeling
If the verb conveys a feeling, then the feeling itself must be in genitive

Ex: taedet laboris.
He was tired of labor.
How much implies the valued object in genitive.

Ex: Quanti domum emisti?
For how much did you buy the house?

House is in genitive.
Sup Dave
Indirect object
Give something to somebody

Usually a person

Ex: Dedit pecuniam pueero.
He gave money to the boy.

Boy is in dative
with special verbs
Some verbs take the dative
Often they are compound verbs

Ex: Caesar hostibus pepercit.
Caesar spared the enemies.

spare in latin takes the dative
with compound verbs
Same thing
Dative showing possesion. Can be translated as "I have, he has, you have..."

Ex: Est mihi liber.
there is a book to me.
(I have a book)
Ex: Caesar viro necandus est.
Caesar would be killed by those men ?

viro is in dative of agent
Reference / Interest
In my opinion

Cicero erat sapiens multis.
Cicero was wise (considered) in many people's opinion.

by many people is in dativ
Ex: Equites peditibus auxilio sunt.
The horses are for the purpose of helping the feet.
Helping is in dative
With adjectives
Some adjectives meaning "something to" in english will take the dative in latin

Ex: Puella cara sorori est.
The girl is dear to my sister.

sister is in dative
Oh yeah, let's go
Direct object
Target of the main verb

Ex: dedit pecuniam ei.
He gives the money to him.

pecuniam is in the direct object.
An accusative found in adverbial phrases
such as:
id temporis
at that time

id is in accusative as part of the phrase

Hard to make sure, though
Extent of time
If the accusative word is related to time, then it is in this category.
Describes an action taking place throughout the time specified

Ex: Multos annos rexit.
He ruled for many years.

Many years are in accusatives of extent of time
Place to which
(Accusative of motion towards)
If the accusative means a place, and there is no preposition, then yes.
Describes the end of motion.

Ex: Romam venit.
He came to Rome.
Romam is the accusative of place to which
subject of indirect statement
Accusative is used as the subject of an indirect statement.

Dixi me ad urbem venire.
I said I went to the city.
Object of preposition
If the accusative follows a preposition, then yes

Ex: Ad urbem veniam.
I went to the city.

urbem is the object of prepostion.
If the verb means something like a separation, and it takes an ablative.

Sapientia carent.
They are absent from wisdom.

Sapientia is the ablative of separation
An ablative that can be translated using "because of"

Hostes metu fugerunt.
The enemies flet by fear.
(The enemeies flet because of fear.)
metu is the ablative of cause
If the ablative is a person, then yes.

Ex: Caesar ab illo necatus est.
Caesar has been killed by that man.
illo is the ablative of agent.
If the ablative means an object.

Ille Caesarem ferro necavit.
That man killed Caesar with a sword.
ferro is the ablative of means
With special verbs
Some verbs take the ablative

ex: Utitur sapientia.
He uses wisdom.

Utitur takes an ablative as its direct object
If the ablative is an abstract noun, and it is after cum

Vitam cum virtute agebat.
He lives life with virtue.
If the ablative follows cum, and it is a person

Veniam cum amicis.
Let me come with my friends.
Degree of difference
If it is after a comparative adjective.

sapientior multo soror est.
My sister is wiser than many people.
multo is the ablative of degree of difference
Quality / Description
If the ablative sounds like a genitive of description.

Erat vir moribus bonis
He was a man of good manner.

moribus bonis is the ablative of description
Specification / Respect
Limits the meaning of an adjective (or a verb) by modifying it with an ablative.
Can be translated as "adj in noun"

Virtuae praecedunt.
They excel in virtue.

Virtuae is the ablative of respect, specification
With adjectives
Dignus takes the ablative

Poeta dignus fama est.
The poet is worthy of fame.

fama is the ablative adjective
"With the .... having been" clause

Copiis acceptis Graceiam vicit.
With troops having been accepted he conquered Greece (??)

Copiis acceptis is the ablative absolute
If you see "Eo Tempore"

Eo tempore Caesar bellum gerebat.
At that time Caesar carried out the war.
Place from which
The beginning of motion. Usually with prepositions meaning "from"

Ex urbe venit.
He came out of the city.

urbe is the ablative of place from which
Place where
If you see an ablative follows "in"

Remanet in urbe.
He remains in Rome.

urbe is the ablative of place where
Object of preposition
Definition unclear

sine mora venerunt.
They came without delay.

without delay is the object of preposition.
With cardinal nubers
Looks like the initiator of genitive PARTITIVE ABLATIVE

Tres ex amicis venient
Three of my friends will come.

amicis is the ablative eith cardinal numbers
Place where (Locative)
An ablative of place where without a preposition

Vivit Romae
He ives in Rome.
quodam quidam quaedam quadam
what are they?