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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hematocrit (HCT)
Normal adult female: 37-47%
Optimal female: 42%
Normal adult male: 40-54%
Optimal male: 47%
Normal newborn range: 50-62%
Optimal newborn: 56%
Hemoglobin (HGB)
Normal adult female: 12-16 g/dl
Optimal female: 14 g/dl
Normal adult male: 14-18 g/dl
Optimal male: 16 g/dl
Normal newborn: 14-20 g/dl
Optimal newborn: 17 g/dl
MCH (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin)
Normal adult range: 27-33 pg
Optimal adult: 30
MCV (Mean Corpuscular Volume)
Normal adult range: 32-36%
Optimal adult: 34%
Higher ranges are found in newborns and infants
R.B.C. (Red Blood Cell Count)
Normal adult female: 3.9-5/2 mill/mcl
Optimal female: 4.55
Normal adult male: 4.2-5.6 mill/mcl
Optimal male: 4.9
Lower ranges are found in children, newborns and infants
W.B.C. (White Blood Cell Count)
Normal adult range: 3.8-10.8 thous/mcl
Optimal adult: 7.3
Higher ranges are found in children, newborns and infants
Platelet Count
Normal adult range: 130-400 thous/mcl
Optimal adult: 265
Higher ranges found in children, newborns and infants
Neutrophils and Neutrophil Count
This is the main defender of the body against infection and antigens. High levels may indicate an active infection.
Normal adult range: 48-73%
Optimal adult: 60.5
Normal children's range: 30-60%
Optimal children: 45
Lymphocytes and Lymphocyte Count
Elevated levels may indicate an active viral infection such as measles, rubella, chickenpox or infection mononucleosis.
Normal adult range: 18-48%
Optimal adult: 33
Normal children's range: 25-50%
Optimal children: 37.5
Monocyte and Monocyte Count
Elevated levels are seen in tissue breakdown or chronic infections, carcinomas, leukemia (monocytic) or lypmphomas
Normal adult range: 0-9%
Optimal adult: 4.5
Eosinophils or eosinophil count
Elevated levels may indicate an allergic reaction or parasites.
Normal adult range: 0-5%
Optimal adult: 2.5
Basophils and Basophil Count. Basophilic activity is not fully understood, but it is known to carry histamine, heparin and serotonin. High levels are found in allergic reactions
Normal adult range: 0-2%
Optimal adult: 1
The most abundant cation in the blood and its chief base. It functions in the body to maintain osmotic pressure, acid-base balance and to transmit nerve impulses. Very low value=seizure and neurologic shock
Normal adult range: 135-146 mEq/L
Optimal adult: 140.5
The major intracellular cation. Very low value=cardiac arythemia
Normal adult range: 3.5-5.5 mEq/L
Optimal adult: 4.5
Elevated levels are related to acidosis as well as too much water crossing the cell membrane. Decreased levels with decreased serum albumin may indicate water deficiency crossing the cell membrane (edema)
Normal adult range: 95-112 mEq/L
Optimal adult: 103
CO2 (Carbon Dioxide)
The CO2 level is related to the respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide in the lungs and is part of the body's buffering system. Generally when used with other electrolytes, it is a good indicator of acidosis and alkalinity.
Normal adult range: 22-32 mEq/L
Optimal adult: 27
Normal children's range: 20-28 mEq/L
Optimal children's: 24
Involved in bone metabolism, protein absorption, fat transfer, muscular contraction, transmission of nerve impulses, blood clotting and cardiac function. Regulated by parathyroid
Normal adult range: 8.5-10.3 mEq/dl
Optimal adult: 9.4
Generall inverse with calcium
Normal adult range: 2.5-4.5 mEq/dl
Optimal adult: 3.5
Normal children's range: 3-6 mEq/dl
Optimal children's: 4.5
Anion gap (Sodium + Potassium - CO2 + Chloride)
An increased measurement is associated with metabolic acidosis due to the overproduction of acids (a state of alkalinity is in effect). Decreased levels may indicate metabolic alkalosis due to the overproduction of alkaloids (a state of acidosis is in effect)
Normal adult range: 4-14 (calculated
Optimal adult: 9
Calcium/Phosphorus ration
Normal adult range: 2.3-3.3 (calcluated)
Optimal adult: 2.8
Normal children's range: 1.3-3.3 (calculated
Optimal children's: 2.3
Normal adult range: 26-38 (calculated)
Optimal adult: 32