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30 Cards in this Set

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Comparison of vitamen and mineral content to number of kcals
nutrient density
Provides kcals and few to no other nutrients
empty cal
comparsion of the kcal content to the weight of the blood
energy densidy
In measuring nutritional status what does ABCDE stand for?
Anthropometrics (hieght, weight, circumfrance)
biochemical (blood)
clinical
dietary
exonomic
nutrient recomendations to prevent chronic diseases
Vitamin and minerals, macronutrients, water, cho, pro, AA
Dietary Refrence intakes (DRI)
Macronutrients
Carbs
Protien
Lipids/Fats
Water
Alcohol
50% of a healthy individual in certain age and gender group
Research
Estimated avearage requirement
Recomended diatary allowences (RDA)
98% of healthy individuals
Adequate intakes (AI)
not enough information to set an RDA
maximum level of daily intake with out causing adverse side effects
Tolerable Upper intake levels (ul)
Nutrient fact standards
2000 kcals
good source = 10-19% of the DV
high = 20% or more DV
low = 5% or less DV
registered dietitian(R.D.)
baccaureate degree rpogram\900mhrs of practive
registration exam
What nutrients are requrired on a food lable?
total calories
calories from fat total fat
saturated fat
cholesterol
sodium
totoal carbohydrate
fiber
sugars
protein
vitamin A
vitamin C
calcium
iron
Optional: polyunsatuarted and monounsaturated fat, potassium
What are the nutrients to limit
Saturated fat
trans fat
cholesterol
sodium
What nutrients shoupld we get enough of?
dietary fiber
Vitamin A,C
Calcium
iron
Nutrition facts
ingredients listed indescending order of weight
What foods muct have a Nutrition facts lable?
All packed foods, processed meat products
Which food is voluntary to have a Nutriton facts lable?
fresh fruit, veg. meat, poultry, fish
What foods are exempted from a Nutrition facts lable?
small packages (less than 15sqin)
ready to eat
immediate consumtion
small business
very little nutrients
phytochemical
plants
geduce risk of cancer or cardiovasular disease
simple monosaccharide carbohydrate
found in blood, table sugar bound to frutose, also called (dextrose)
Glucose
complex carbohydrate
muliple units of glucose
starch
the major from of lipid in the body and in food
composed of 3 fatty acids bonded to glycerol, an alcohol
Triglyceride
trans fat (and saturated fat)is bad for you because?
raises blood LDL and cholesterol levels
increase risk of coronayr heart disease (leading cause of death)
Name the different food groups in the food pyramid unhealhty to healthy?
1)fats, oils, sweets
2.milk, yogurt and cheese group
3.meat,poultry, fish, dry beans (legumes), egs, and nuts
4. vegetalbe
5. fruit
6. bread ceral, rice, pasta
What kind of carbs does fruit have?
simple
What kind of carbs do vegitables have?
complex
Who does the pyrmid not apply to?
children under the age of 2
What do other food pyrmids focus on?
fruit, veg, whole grain
What does bread have?
complex carbs, fiber, V & M