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68 Cards in this Set

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a
question particle added to a statement, a polite command, suggestion, or presumption. it presumes the listener agrees.
bai1
white
duo1
all, both, entirely (AD)
gao1
tall, high (SV) (also a surname)
hao3
good, well, fine, ok
ne
question particle, makes a question out of a portion of speech: "Ni ne" and you?
xiao2jie
young unmarried lady, daughter, miss (N)
ye3
also, too (AD)
ba
final particle, changes a statement to a request or suggestion
gui4 shing4
what is your name? (honorable surname)
guo2
country, nation (N)
hua4
speech, language (N)
jiu4
only, merely (AD)
Mei3 guo
American, United States (PW)
quian2
money (N), also a surname
qing3
invite, request, ask, please

TV
qing3 wen4
may i ask?
ren2
people, man, person,
N
shi4, shi
to be (EV)
only connects two nouns
he is a man
not: he is good
shuo1
speak, talk, say (TV)
wang2
king, also a surname

N
wen2
inquire, ask
TV
xing2
to be called, named, have x surname

EV
Ying1 guo
England
PW
Zhong2 guo
China
PW
place negative form of the verb on the end

Ta1 shi4 Ying1guo ren2 bu shi?
split choice type questions
bu4 dou1

Wo3men bu4 dou1 shi Mei3guo
not all

not all of us are americans
dou1 bu

Wo3men dou1 bu4 shi Mei3guo
all not (none)

None of us are americans
bu4 hen3

Ta1 bu4 hen2 hao3
not very

he's not very good
hen3 bu4

Ta1 hen3 bu4 hao3
very not

hes very bad
ben3
volume, copy

M
bi3
pen, pencil

N
duo1shao
how many? how much? (lit: many few or much little)
er4
two
hai2
additionally, in addition, still, more

AD
ji3
how many?
kuai4
lump, dollar

M
mai3
buy

TV
mai4
sell, sell for

TV
mao2
hair, feather
surname

N
mao2
dime

M
na4, nei4
that (thing)

SP
na3, nei3
which (thing)?

SP
shen2mo, shen2me
what (thing)?
shu1
book

N
wai4guo
foreign country
PW

lit: outside country
yao4
want

TV
yi2gong4
altogether, in all

MA

lit: one together
zhe4, zhei4
this (thing) SP
zhi1
measure for long, slender objects
nei2
nei4
zhe4, zhei4
a specifier: a number that can precede or replace a measure word before a number

ex: which, that, this, these
duo1 shao qian2
how many?: used as a noun or measure, suggests either an indefinite amount or a large number.
ex: how much money?
ji3kuai4 qian2
how many?: used only before a measure word. suggests less than ten.

ex: how many dollars?
liang3
a couple
er4
used in compound numbers
two hundred and two
san1 si4ben3 shu1
three or four books

requires no connecting form (or)
Ta1-yao4 shen2mo-shu1?
what book does he want? ( he wants what book?)
Ta1-yao4 shen2mo?
what does he want?
Ta1-yao4-duo1shao-qian2?
How much money does he want?
Ta1-yao4-duo1shao?
How much does he want?
Zhei4ben3-shu1 wu3kuai4-qian2
sentences without verbs

This book (is) five dollars
ne

Ta1-hai2-shuo1-hua4-ne
expresses continuation of an action, especially uf the sentences also contains "hai2"

he's still talking
Ta1men-mai4-shu1-ma?

Zhei4ben3-shu1 mai4-duo1shao-qian2?
do they sell books?/ how much does this book sell for?
na3, na4, zhe4/ nei3, nei4, zhei4
specifiers/ specifiers before measure words
wan3 an1
good evening
dai4 hui4 er4 jian4
see you soon
wu an1
good afternoon
zou an1
good morning