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58 Cards in this Set

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Timeline: What happened the years 2000BC - 300 BC? (Chapter 5)
Classical Greece
Timeline; 2000 BC?
Timeline; 2000 BC = Classical Greece; more specifically, Crete.

Creete: Minoan civilization thrives.
Timeline; 1750 BC?
Timeline; 1759 BC?
1600 BC = Greece;
Mycenean kings dominate Greece
Timeline; 1500 BC?
Timeline; 1500 BC?
1450 BC = Crete
Myvenaeans invade Crete;

1400 BC = Crete
Minoan civilization disappears
Timeline; 1250 BC?
Timeline; 1250 BC?
1200 BC = Anatolia
Trojan War is fought

1200 BC = Greece
Dorian Age begins
Timeline; 1000 BC?
800 BC = Greece
City-states begin to rise

800 BC = Homer composes epics
Timeline; 1000 BC?
800 BC = Greece
City-states begin to rise

800 BC = Homer composes epics
Timeline; 750 BC?
Timeline; 750 BC?
600 BC = Greece
Sparta develops strong millitary

594 BC = Greece
Solon reforms Athens
Timeline; 500 BC?
Timeline; 500 BC?
461 BC = Greece
Age of Pericles begins

338 BC = Macedonia
Philip conquers Greece

334 BC = Greece
Alexander begins to build empire
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 1200 BC?
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 1200 BC?
1200 BC = Mexico
Olmec culture arises in southern Mexico
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 1000 BC?
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 1000 BC?
1000 BC = Mexico
Zapotec civilization arises

900 BC = South America
Chavín civilization emerges
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 500 BC?
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 500 BC?
500 BC = Mexico
Zapotec build Monte Albán

400 BC = Mexico
Olmec civilization begins to decline
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 200 BC?
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 200 BC?
200 BC = South America
Nazca culture arises
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 100 BC?
Timeline; Americas; a Separate World 100 BC?
100 BC = South America
Moche civilization emerges
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 500 BC?
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 500 BC?
(right after fall of Greek empire)
500 BC = Rome
Republic thrives

451 BC = Rome
Roman laws are craved on Twelved Tables

264 BC = Carthage
Punic Wars with Rome begin
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 250 BC?
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 250 BC?
146 BC = Rome
Rome destroys Carthage

44 BC = Rome
Julius Caesar is killed

27 BC = Rome
octavian rules Roman Empire; Pax Romana begins
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 1 AD?
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 1 AD?
29 AD = Jesus is Crucified
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 250-500 AD?
Timeline; Ancient Rome and Early Christianity; 250-500 AD?
285 AD = Rome
Empire divides into East and West

330 AD = Constantinople
New capital of Roman Empire established

476 AD = Rome
Western Roman Empire falls
Who fought at a great battle in 333BC?
Who fought at a great battle in 333BC?
Alexander the Great

He fought at the Battle of Issus in 333 BC; Alexander led a charge against a much larger army. Alexander's startled enemies fled.
Who said "Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people"?
Who said "Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people"?

Pericles, an Athenian statesman
Vocab; what is a Peninsula?
Vocab; what is a Peninsula?

Peninsula: a piece of land that extends into a body of water and is connected to the mainland.
Vocab; what is a Wetern civilization?
Vocab; what is a Wetern civilization?

Western Civilization: the culture that evolved in Europe and spread to the Americas.
Trojan War
The Troan War occured about 1200 BC, the Mycenaean kings fought a 10 year war against Troy, an independent trading city located in Anatolia.
who was the greates Greek story teller?
Who was the greatest Greek story teller?

Homer, a blind poet.
Vocab; what is polis?
Vocab; what is polis?

Polis: A Greek city-state -- the fundamental political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 BC.
Vocab; what is acropolis?
Vocab; what is acropolis?

Acropolis: a fortified hilltop in an acient Grek city.
Vocab; what is monarchy?
Vocab; what is monarchy?

Monarchy: a government in which power is in the hands of a single person.
Vocab; what is aristocracy?
Vocab; what is aristocracy?

Aristocracy: a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility.
Vocab; what is oligarchy?
Vocab; what is oligarchy?

Oligarchy: a government in which power is int he hands of a few people -- especially one in which rule is based upon wealth.
Vocab; what is phalanx?
Vocab; what is phalanx?

Phalanx: a military formation of foot soldier armed with spears and shields.
Vocab; what is a Tyrant?
Vocab; what is a Tyrant?

Tyrant: in ancient Greece, a powerful individual who gained control of a city-state's government by appealing to the poor for support.
Vocab; what is Helot?
Vocab; what is Helot?

Helot: in the society of ancient Sparta, a peasant bound to the land.
Vocab; what is democracy?
Vocab; what is democracy?

Democracy: a government controlled by its citizens, either directly or through represntatives.
Vocab; what were the Persian Wars?
Vocab; what were the Persian Wars?

Persian Wars: a series of wars in the fifth century BC in which Greek city-states battled the Persian Empire.
Forms of Government:
Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligrachy, and Direct Democracy.
Vocab; what is Direct Democracy?
Vocab; what is Direct Democracy?

Direct Democracy: a government in which citizens rule directly rather than through representatives.
Vocab; what is classical art?
Vocab; what is classical art?

Classical Art: the art of ancient Greece and Rome, in which harmony, order, and balance were emphasized.
Vocab; what is Tragedy?
Vocab; what is Tragedy?

Tragedy: a serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character.
Vocab; what is Comedy?
Vocab; what is Comedy?

Comedy: a humorious form of drama that often includes slapstick and satire.
Vocab; what is the Peloponnensian War?
Vocab; what is the Peloponnensian War?

Peloponnensian war: a war, lasting from 431 - 404 BC, in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies.
Vocab; what are phylosophers?
Vocab; what are phylosophers?

Phylosophers: thinkers who use logic and reason to incestigate the nature of the universe, human society, and morality.
Vocab; who was Socrates?
Vocab; who was Socrates?

Socrates: was one of the most powerful thinkiers in history. He encouraged his students to examine their beliefs. Socrates asked them a series of leading questions to show that people hold many contradictory opinions. His methos of teaching by a question-and-answer approach is known as the Socratic Method. He devoted his life to gaining self-knowledge and once said, "There is only one good, knowledge; and one evil ignorance."
Vocab; who was Plato?
Vocab; who was Plato?

Plato: Born into a wealthy Athenian family, Plato had careers as a wrestler and poet before he became a philosopher. He studied with Socrates. After his teacer died in 399 BC., Plato left Greece and traveled to North Africa and Italy. He later returned to Athens and founded a school called The Academy in 387 BC. The school lasted for approximatly 900 years. It was Plato who once stated, "Philosophy begins with wonder"
Vocab; who was Aristotle?

Aristotle: The son of a physician, was one of the brightest students at Plato's academy. He came there as a young man and stayed for 20 years until Plato's death. In 335 BC., Aristotle opened his own school in Athens called the Lyceum. The school eventually rivaled the Academy. Aristotle once argued, "He who studies how things originated and came to begin...will achieve the clearest view of them."
Vocab; who was Aristotle?

Aristotle: The son of a physician, was one of the brightest students at Plato's academy. He came there as a young man and stayed for 20 years until Plato's death. In 335 BC., Aristotle opened his own school in Athens called the Lyceum. The school eventually rivaled the Academy. Aristotle once argued, "He who studies how things originated and came to begin...will achieve the clearest view of them."
Vocab; What is Hellinistic?
Vocab; What is Hellinistic?

Hellinistic: a virbrant new culture which emerged after Alexander the Great's death. It was basically a mixture of the Greek (Hellenic), Egyptian, Persian, and Indian cultures.
Vocab; What is Alexandria?
Vocab; What is Alexandria?

Alexandria: a city in North Africa (Egypt) named after Alexander the Great. Among the many cities of the Hellenistic world, this one became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization. Strategically located on the western edge of the Nile's Delta, ships from all arround the Mediterranean docked in its spacious harbor. It prospered so much because of all the trade going on in it.
Vocab; What is Euclid?
Vocab; What is Euclid?

Euclid: a highly regarded mathematician who opened a school of geometry in Alexandria. His best known book, the "Elements," contained 465 carefully presented geometry propositions and proofs.
Vocab; Who was Archimedes?
Vocab; Who was Archimedes?

Archimedes: another important Hellenistic scientist (Archimedes of Syracuse). He studied at Alexandria and accurately estimated the value of pi. He also explained the law of lever and invented the compound pulley to lift heavy objects.
Vocab; What is the Colossus of Rhodes?
Vocab; What is the Colossus of Rhodes?

Colossus of Rhodes: is the largest known Hellenistic statue; created on the island of Rhodes. It was made of bronze and stood 100 feet high. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, it fell by an earthquake about 225 BC. All the bronze was sold as scrap.
Vocab; What is Republic?
Vocab; What is Republic?

Republic: is a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote to select their leaders. In Rome, citizenhip with voting rights was granted only to free-born male citizens.
Vocab; What is patrician?
Vocab; What is patrician?

Patrician: a "social" group of the early Roman republic. Ther were the aristocratic landowners who held most of the power.
Vocab; What is plebeian?
Vocab; What is plebeian?

Plebeian: other important "social" group from the early Roman republic. Formed by the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up the majority of the population.
Vocab; What is tribune?
Vocab; What is tribune?

Tribune: in ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
Vocab; What is consul?
Vocab; What is consul?

Consul: The Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the aremy and direct the government.
Vocab; What is senate?
Vocab; What is senate?

Senate: In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
Vocab; What is dictator?
Vocab; What is dictator?

Dictator: a leader who had absolute power to make laws and comand the army. A dictator's power lasted for only 6 months. Dictators were chosen by the consuls and then elected by the senate.
Vocab; What is legion?
Vocab; What is legion?

Legion: large milliraty units; a Roman legion was made up of some 5,000 heavily armed foot soldiers (infantry). Each legion was supported by a group of soldiers on horseback (cavalry). Legions were divided into smaller groups of 80 men, wach which was called a century.
Vocab; Who is Hannibal?
Vocab; Who is Hannibal?

Hannibal: brillian Carthagean General who invaded Rome during the Punic Wars.
Vocab; Who is Scipio?
Vocab; Who is Scipio?

Scipio: Roman General who attacked Carthage while Hannibal attacked Rome. By doing this, Scipio forced Hannibal, who had already been attaking Rome for 10 years, to leave Roman lands and go back to Carthrige, where he was defeated by Scipio.