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162 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Produce a watery secretion to lubricate food
Salivary glands
This gland is medial to mandible, and saliva only
submandibular gland
This gland is on the floor of the mouth and ducts open up on either side of midline
Sublingual gland
This transports food from pharnyx to stomach
Esophagus
The lower esophageal sphincter prevents what from occuring?
Prevents stomach acid from leaving stomach GERD
The pylorus of the stomach is contiguous with what? And what does it end at?
Contiguous with duodenum and ends with pyloric sphincter
The lining of the stomach is thrown into folds called what?
rugae
The lining of the stomach has shallow depressions between microscopic folds called what
gastric pits
This type of gastric epithelial cell produces mucous
mucous cells
This type of gastric epithelial cell produces HCI
Parietal cells
This type of gastric epithelial cell produces proteolytic enzymes
Chief cells
What sphincter is at the end of stomach and beginning of small intestines?
Pyloric sphincter
In what organ are most nutrients absorbed?
small intestine
The lining of the small intestie has circular folds called what?
plicae-increase surface area
The entire surface of the small intestine has microscopic folds called what?
villi
The duodenum is mainly on what side of the body?
mainly on right superior side
The liver is mainly on what side of the body?
located in upper right quadrant
Most digestion and absortion occor where? (Jejunum or ileum)
Jejunum
The jejunum is mainly located on what side of the body?
superior and upper left quadrant
The ileum is mainly located on what side of the body?
Inferior and right quadrant
The ileum empties into what?
Cecum
The cecum is located where in the body?
Lower right quadrant
What colon runs up the right side of the abdomen?
Ascending
This colon is also called the Hepatic flexure
Ascending colon
This colon is also called Splenic flexure
Transverse
This colon runds down left side of abdomen
Descending colon
An egg + surrounding cells is called what?
Follicle
Follicle cells produce what two types of material?
estrogen and progesterone
Fimbrae define the opening of the oviduct which is called
infundibulum
The oviduct is lined with what type of epithelium?
cilated
The oviduct is the most common site for what?
fertilization
This part of the female provides nutritional support and protection of embryo/fetus
Uterus
This female organ is the shape of an upside down pear
Uterus
The expulsion of fetus during labor occurs where?
uterus
The Perimetrium of the uterine wall is comprised of what?
CT
This layer of the uterine wall is smooth muscle, thickest layer, expel fetus
Myometrium
This layer of the uterine wall sheds every 28 days, and site of implantation of egg
Endometrium
This region of the uterus is most superior
Fundus
This region of the uterus is the major portion
body
This region of the uterus is most inferior,projects into post. vagina, posseses cervical canal called
Cervix
The shallow recess around cervix but part of the vagina is called what?
Fornix
The area enclosing the external genitalia is called what?
Vulva
This part of the external genitalia meets superiorly to form mons pubis
Labia majora
This part of the external genitalia is highly vascular and gives pink and meets to form clit
Labia minora
What is the skin caled that surrounds and defines the opening of the vagina?
Hymen
The nipple is surrounded by pgmented region of skin called what?
areola
When do the the testes first appear and what organ are they next to?
7 weeks next to kidney
The scrotum is comprised of smooth muscle called what?
Dartos
This skeletal muscle is attached to the dermis
Cremaster m. (scrotum)
This part of the male anatomy controls temp of testes
Scrotum
True or False- Sperm will not develop at body temp.
True
Sperm development occurs at what temp?
35
The testes are comprised of hollow tubing called what?
Seminiferous tubules
Where is sperm developed?
testes- seminferious tubules
The middle piece and neck of sperm contains what?
large spiral mitochondrion
This part of the male anatomy acts as recycling center for damaged sperm
Epididymis
This part of the male anatomy allows sperm to be fully functional
Epididymis
How long can sperm be stored for?
2 months
The Ductus Vas Deferens begins at what organ of the male anatomy?
Epididymis
Ductus vas Deferens enters what gland
prostate gland
sperm + secretions equal what?
semen (ejaculate)
Typical ejaculation is about how many ml? And how many sperm
2-5 ml and about 500 million sperm
The seminal vesicle is on the posterior surface of what?
urinary bladder
60% of total semen volume is in what organ?
seminal vesicle
The seminal vesicle fuses with what to form the ejaculatory duct??
Vas deferens
What contributes to about 25% total semen volume?
Prostate gland
This portion of the urethra is within the prostate gland (male)
Prostatic
This portion of the urethra passes through the pelic muscles to enter the penis (male)
Membranous
This portion of the urethra courses the entire span of the penile shaft (male)
Penile
The body (shaft) is comprised of 3 parallel columns called what?
erectile tissue
The medulla of the kidney is segmented into functional units called what?
pyramids
The medulla of the kidney, each pyramid has on of these
minor calyx
This part of the kidney is a hollow funnel that collects urine from the pyramid
Minor calyx
The opening to the ureter of the kidney is called what?
Renal pelvis
This component of the kidney is a knot of capillaries
Glomerulus
Urine drains into which calyx?
minor calyx
This is not part of the nephron but it collects urine form distal convoluted tubules
collecting duct
This phase of fertilization occurse 12 hours post fertilization
Cleavage
The 16-cell stage is called what? It also develops 72 hours from fertilization
Morula
The Morula first spends 3 days in oviduct then enters what?
uterus
The Morula begins to accumulate fluid and forms cavity and once that it appears it is called what
Blastocyst
This process evolves from morula on day 5
blastocyst
This type of cell in will form the invading placenta
Trophoblasts
This type of cell will form the embryo
Inner cell mass cells
hCG is produced on what day?
Day 6
This chemical in the body prevents the menstrual cycle from occuring
hCG
In this week, implantation contines, and complete emersion into endometrium of uterus
Week 2
The development of CV and nervous systems occurs in what weeks?
Weeks 3-4
In what weeks will the embryo develop all structures that an adult has
Weeks 5-8
The embryonic period is what weeks?
Weeks 1-8
The fetal period begins at what week and goes until how long
Week 9 and goes until birth at 38 weeks
This period is characterized by development of structures (organs)
Embryonic stage
This period is characterized by growth of structures
Fetal period
How long is the esophagus
25 feet
This component of the partoid gland enters oral cavity opposite 2nd molar
Parotid duct
Which salivary gland pierces the buccinator m.?
Parotid
How long is the esophagus
25 feet
This component of the partoid gland enters oral cavity opposite 2nd molar
Parotid duct
Which salivary gland pierces the buccinator m.?
Parotid
Which salivary gland has ducts that open up just lateral to the togue frenulum
Submandibular gland
The zygote divided into two cells is called what?
mitosis
The duodenum receives secretions from what two glands
Liver-bile and pancreas-bicarbonate and proteolytic enzymes
About how many days does it take for the egg to reach the uterus?
about three days
In follicle development, on which day is the follicle recruited?
Day 1
Which salivary gland has ducts that open up just lateral to the togue frenulum
Submandibular gland
In follicle development which day does 2 follicle
Day 4
The zygote divided into two cells is called what?
mitosis
In follicle development which day does 3 follicle (tertiary)
Day 8
In follicle development, which day is ovulation
day 14
The duodenum receives secretions from what two glands
Liver-bile and pancreas-bicarbonate and proteolytic enzymes
About how many days does it take for the egg to reach the uterus?
about three days
In follicle development, on which day is the follicle recruited?
Day 1
In follicle development which day does 2 follicle
Day 4
In follicle development which day does 3 follicle (tertiary)
Day 8
In follicle development, which day is ovulation
day 14
How long is the esophagus
25 feet
This component of the partoid gland enters oral cavity opposite 2nd molar
Parotid duct
Which salivary gland pierces the buccinator m.?
Parotid
Which salivary gland has ducts that open up just lateral to the togue frenulum
Submandibular gland
The zygote divided into two cells is called what?
mitosis
The duodenum receives secretions from what two glands
Liver-bile and pancreas-bicarbonate and proteolytic enzymes
About how many days does it take for the egg to reach the uterus?
about three days
In follicle development, on which day is the follicle recruited?
Day 1
In follicle development which day does 2 follicle
Day 4
In follicle development which day does 3 follicle (tertiary)
Day 8
In follicle development, which day is ovulation
day 14
At what fetal age do the testes descend into the scrotum?
8 months
Each testis contains how many seminferous tubules?
800 seminiferous tubules
Sperm maturation takes how many weeks?
9 weeks
Testosterone production occurs in cells between what?
seminiferous tubule-Intersittial cells or cells of Leydig
How man inches is the Ductus vas Deferens?
About 16 inches long
Which gland in the male anatomy contains large amounts of fructose?
Seminal Vesicles
This gland of the male anatomy starts where 1st gland seminal vesicle
Ejaculatory duct
The ejaculatory enters what two components of the male anatomy?
prostate gland and urethra
This gland of the male anatomy secretes alkaline mucous
Bulbourethral glands
The body shaft of the male anatomy consists of what three tissues?
2 corpora cavernosa and 1 corpos spongiosum
The distal expansion of the corpus spongiosum is called what?
Glans
On the male, the opening of the urethra is refered to as what?
external urethral meatus
Filtration of blood and the production of urine occur where?
The Nephron
When do ovaries first appear?
13 weeks
How many eggs will a female ever generate?
1 million eggs
How many eggs disappear by birt and puberty?
half disapear by birth and half disappear by puberty
At puberty, the women ovulates how many eggs per days
1 egg/28 days
Resorbs water and electrolytes back into blood and absorption of certain vitamins
The large intestine
The lower espohageal sphincter has what type of muscle?
circular m.
What is in the abdominal cavity?
Nothing everything is covered with peritoneum
How many eggs disappear by birt and puberty?
half disapear by birth and half disappear by puberty
At puberty, the women ovulates how many eggs per days
1 egg/28 days
Resorbs water and electrolytes back into blood and absorption of certain vitamins
The large intestine
The lower espohageal sphincter has what type of muscle?
circular m.
What is in the abdominal cavity?
Nothing everything is covered with peritoneum
How many eggs disappear by birt and puberty?
half disapear by birth and half disappear by puberty
At puberty, the women ovulates how many eggs per days
1 egg/28 days
Resorbs water and electrolytes back into blood and absorption of certain vitamins
The large intestine
The lower espohageal sphincter has what type of muscle?
circular m.
What is in the abdominal cavity?
Nothing everything is covered with peritoneum
How many eggs disappear by birt and puberty?
half disapear by birth and half disappear by puberty
At puberty, the women ovulates how many eggs per days
1 egg/28 days
Resorbs water and electrolytes back into blood and absorption of certain vitamins
The large intestine
The lower espohageal sphincter has what type of muscle?
circular m.
What is in the abdominal cavity?
Nothing everything is covered with peritoneum
When an infectious agent gets intot he abdominal cavity it causes this
Peritonitis