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19 Cards in this Set

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counterbalance
n. - 平衡量, 勢均力敵, 平衡力
v. tr. - 使平衡, 抵消

IN BRIEF: To oppose weight or push with an equal force.

To make a seesaw work, you must counterbalance the weight of the two people riding by moving up or down the plank.
counterpoise
n. - 平衡錘, 砝碼, 平衡, 抗衡力
v. tr. - 平均, 使平衡, 平衡
n.
A force or influence equally counteracting another.
A weight that acts to balance another; a counterpoise or counterweight.
tr.v., -anced, -anc·ing, -anc·es. (koun'tər-băl'əns, koun'tər-băl'əns)
To act as a counteracting force, influence, or weight to; counterpoise.
To oppose with an equal force; offset.
equipoise
n.
Equality in distribution, as of weight, relationship, or emotional forces; equilibrium.
A counterpoise; a counterbalance.

noun

A stable state characterized by the cancellation of all forces by equal opposing forces: balance, counterpoise, equilibrium, stasis. See order/disorder.
erstwhile
adj.
former

e.g. The erstwhile company
exactitude
n.
The state or quality of being exact.

noun

Correspondence with fact or truth: accuracy, correctness, exactness, fidelity, truth, veraciousness, veracity, veridicality, verity. See true/false.
Freedom from error: accuracy, accurateness, correctness, exactness, preciseness, precision, rightness. See correct/incorrect.

Meaning #1: the quality of being exact
Synonym: exactness

正确, 精确, 精密
excavate
v. 挖掘, 挖出
e.g. excavate the ancient city of Troy.
excitable
adj.
Easily excited.
Capable of responding to stimuli

IN BRIEF: Nervously high-strung.

The children were even more excitable just before the holiday.
易兴奋的, 易怒的
excitability
n.
being excitable
exclaim
v. intr. - 呼喊, 大聲叫嚷, 驚叫
v. tr. - 大聲說出, 叫喊著說出

verb

To speak suddenly or sharply, as from surprise or emotion: blurt (out), burst out, cry (out), ejaculate, rap out. See words.

v.intr.
To cry out suddenly or vehemently, as from surprise or emotion: The children exclaimed with excitement.

v.tr.
To express or utter (something) suddenly or vehemently: exclaimed her surprise.
exclamation
n.

v. exclaim
excursive
adj.
Of, given to, characterized by, or having the nature of digression.

Meaning #1: (of e.g. speech and writing) tending to depart from the main point or cover a wide range of subjects
Synonyms: digressive, discursive, rambling

游览的, 散漫的, 离题的
exemplary
adj.
Worthy of imitation; commendable: exemplary behavior.
Serving as a model.
Serving as an illustration; typical.
Serving as a warning; admonitory.

IN BRIEF: Fitted to serve as a model or example worthy of imitation.

The handwriting of that student is exemplary.
可仿效的, 可做模范的
exemplar
n. 榜样
exemplify
tr.v., -fied, -fy·ing, -fies.

To illustrate by example: exemplify an argument.
To serve as an example of: scenes that exemplify the film director's style.
Law. To make a certified copy of (a document).

IN BRIEF: To show by example.

The older children will exemplify the correct way of writing for the younger children.

verb

To demonstrate and clarify with examples: illustrate, instance. See show/hide.
To serve as an example, image, or symbol of: epitomize, illustrate, represent, stand for, symbol, symbolize, typify. See substitute.
existential
adj.
Of, relating to, or dealing with existence.
Based on experience; empirical.
Of or as conceived by existentialism or existentialists: an existential moment of choice.
Linguistics. Of or relating to a construction or part of a construction that indicates existence, as the words there is in the sentence There is a cat on the mat.
n. Linguistics.
An existential word or construction.
adj. - 有關存在的
extemporaneous
adj.
Carried out or performed with little or no preparation; impromptu: an extemporaneous piano recital.
Prepared in advance but delivered without notes or text: an extemporaneous speech.
Skilled at or given to unrehearsed speech or performance: an accomplished extemporaneous speaker.
Provided, made, or adapted as an expedient; makeshift: an extemporaneous policy decision.
externalize
v. tr. - 使客觀化, 使具體化
tr.v., -ized, -iz·ing, -iz·es.

To make external.
To manifest externally: “Marriage is a nice way to externalize the private commitments made between you” (Patti Davis).
To attribute to outside causes.
To project or attribute (inner conflicts or feelings) to external circumstances or causes.
eyewitness
n.
A person who has seen someone or something and can bear witness to the fact.
extradition
n.
Legal surrender of a fugitive to the jurisdiction of another state, country, or government for trial.