Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/46

Click to flip

46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Myelencephalon is also called the
Medulla
The area postema is in the
Medulla
The reticular formation is in the
Pons(Metencephalon)
The Medulla is also called the
Myelencephalon
Plays an important role in arousal, attention, sleep and muscle tone, as well as some cardiac respiratory reflexes
Reticular Formation
The Locus Coruleus is located in the
Pons (Metencephalon)
Cluster of cell bodies that distribute their axons to many areas of the forebrain, principle source of all cells utilizing norepinephrine
Locus Coruleus
Group of Cells belonging to the reticular formation which posesses most of the cells in the CNS that utilize serotonin
Dorsal and Ralphe Nuclei
The Cerebellum is part of the
Metencephalon
Receives visual, auditory, and somatosensory input as well as imformation about body position and balance from the vestibular system
Cerebellum
Coordinates and smoothes out movements by timing and patterning muscle contractions
Cerebellum
The Mesencephalon is also called the
Midbrain
The Midbrain is also called the
Mesencephalon
The Tectum is in the
Midbrain
The Tegmentum is in the
Midbrain
Consists of the Superior Colliculi and Inferior Colliculi
Tectum
Involved in reflexes including the pupillary reflex to ligt, eye movement, and reactions to stimuli
Superior and Inferior Colliculi
Periaqueductal Grey (PAG) is located in the
Tegmentum
Important for the modulation of pain, has opioid receptors, important in species-species actions
PAG
Parkinson's is caused by the cell death of cells in the
Substantia Nigra
The Substantia Nigra is located in the
Mesencephalon (Midbrain)
These cells constitute one of the several neural pathways which utilize dopamine
Substantia Nigra
Cluster of cell bodies which innervate the striatum
Substantia Nigra
This neural circuit is critical for initiation and modulation of movement
Substantia Nigra
A cluster of dopaminergic cells adjacent to the Substantia Nigra- Projects structures to the limbic system in the forebrain
VTA (Ventral Tegmentum Area)
The Diencephalon is part of the
Forebrain
The two major structures in teh diencephalon are
Thalamus and Hypothalamus
Cluster of nuclei that first process and then distribute sensory and motor information to the appropriate part of the cerebral cortex
Thalamus
Helps the Cortex to direct its attention to selectively important sensory messages while diminishing the significance of others
Thalamus
Recieves information about the internal environment and is important for survival
Hypothalamus
Organizes behaviors in coordination with brain areas
Hypothalamus
Maintains homeostasis
Hypothalamus
Controls the Autonomic Nervous System and the Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
The Telencephalon is part of the
Forebrain
The Basal Ganglia is located in the
Telencephalon
Includes the Putamen, Globus Pallidus and Cauduate, and helps regulate motor control
Basal Ganglia
Drugs to control Parkinson's Act on this Group
Basal Ganglia
Complex Neural Network involved in integrating emotional responses and regulating motivated behavior and learning
Limbic System
The Amygdala is part of the
Limbic System
The Hippocampus is part of the
Limbic System
The Nucleus Accumbens is part of the
Limbic System
Most closely associated with the establishment of long-term memories and spacial memory- Alzeimers
Hippocampus
Asociated with Clinical Depression
Hippocampus
Associated with Alcohol and Antianxiety Drugs
Amygdala
Various components of emotional responses
Amygdala
Reinforcing Value of Abused Substances
Nucleus Accumbens