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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dura Mater
Stron, hard, rigid membrane with 2 layers that protect the brain and make venous sinuses
Space between dura and skull is epidural space
Arachnoid
Below dura mater and above pia matter, contains CSF, damage to intracranial vessels can lead to subarachoid hemmorhage
Pia Mater
Membrain closely attached to teh surface of the brain and spinal cord which invests the vessels passing into the parenchyma of the brain
Meninges
The membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
Anterior Cerebral Artery
Mainly frontal and parietal lobes, hemiplegia on contralateral side, greater in lower than upper
Middle Cerebral Arterl
Mainly Temporal lobes, aphasia and contralateral hemiplegia
Posterior Cerebral artery
Mainly occipital lobe, visual loss and contralateral hemiplegia
CN I - Olfactory
Smell, menigiomas grow slow, affect CNI suspect if pt covers with cold excuse and no s/s
CNII - Optic
Small snellen chart, check for HTN, DM, papilledema, esp, HA, Blind spot with IICP
CN III, IV, VI - Eye movement
Nystagmus, ptosis, double vision, smooth movement,
CN V - Trigeminal
Corneal Reflex, clench teeth, sharp dull test on face
CN VII - Facial
metalic taste, ringing in ear, funny ache behind ear, facial numbness, smile, frown and wrinkle forehead, raise eyebrows
CN VIII - Vestibulocochlear
hearinga bility, whispered words
CN IX - Glossopharyngeal
Taste, gag reflex, swallowing, vice quality, cough
CN X - Vagus
Pharynx & pharyngeal muscles, visceral organs and heart, history of saspiration, clearing their throat, trouble swallowing
CN XI - Spinal Accessory
Test shrug shoulder and turn head against resistance, weakness, unequal,
CN XII - Hypoglossal
Movement of the tongue, sounds like a lisk
Proprioception
identify objects in hands
CN I
Olfactory - smell
CN II
Optic - eye chart
CN III
Occulomotor - pupils and eyes follow objects
CN IV
Trochlear - eyes follow objects
CN V
Trigeminal - motor and sensory to face
CN VI
Abducens - move eyes laterally
CN VII
Facial - taste, facial symmetry, smile, close eyes
CN VIII
Vestibulocochlear - hearing
CN IX
Glossopharyngeal - gag and swallow, speak, cough, swallow tests
CN X
Vagus - sensory and motor for pharynx, visceral organs and heart, test same as IX
CN XI
Spinal Accessory - rotate head and shrug shoulders
CN XII
Hypoglossal - stick out tongue