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90 Cards in this Set

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List 7 of the 8 protocols clients can use to access data on the storage system.
NFS, CIFS, FTP, HTTP, WebDAV, FCP, iSCSI, (PC)NFS

From Chapter 1 of the SAG (System Admin Guide)
Multiprotocol file and block sharing protocol (such as (PC)NFS)
Network Appliance Storage Systems can be deployed in three types of "attached" methods. List the three methods
Network Attached (NAS)
Fabric Attached (SAN)
Direct Attached (DAS)

From Chapter 1 of the SAG (System
In the early 1990s Network Appliance provided only NAS.
What is the term used to describe a pool of disks that contains the physical storage you create volumes on?
The pool of plexes which are made up of raid groups is called an Aggregate. Volumes are created on aggregates.
NetApp term used to refer to the pool of disks that consists of plexes and raid groups.
What command performs fast block copy of data from one aggregate to another?
aggr copy
Chapter 1 of SAG
What is the name of a special kind of cluster that provides continuous volume mirroring over 500-meter to 30-kilometer distances.
MetroCluster
Chapter 1 of SAG
What does the acronym NDMP mean?
Network Data Management Protocol
Chapter 1 of SAG
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NDMP
What is the name of the software that can be licensed on the Storage System to provide an alternative to traditional optical WORM (write-once-read-many) storage?
SnapLock™
It uses a separate aggregate and locks the data on the disks from being changed or destroyed.
What is the name of the software that can be licensed on the Storage System to enable mirroring snapshot copies.
SnapMirror®
Should the original system be disabled this ensures quick restoration of data from the point of the last snapshot copy.
What is the name of the software that can be licensed on the Storage System to provide fast restoration (near-instantaneous) restoration of snapshot backed up data.
SnapRestore®
It can restore an entire volume near-instantaneously.
What is the name of the feature included in every version of Data ONTAP free of charge that enables instantaneous backups using a minimal amount of disk space with no performance penalty?
Snapshots
The basis for many additional licensable software features
What is the name of the software that can be licensed on the Storage System to perform real-time RAID-level mirroring of data to two separate plexes that are physically connected to the same storage controller?
SyncMirror®
Cluster configuration is required
What are the two commands used for tape backup and restore?
dump
restore
Enables you to backup the system or SnapVault Snapshot copies to tape.
Is support for third-party virus scan software for files accessed by CIFS clients provided in Data ONTAP?
Yes. Data ONTAP provides support for third-party virus scan software for files accessed by CIFS clients.
It's either Yes or No.
What command performs a fast block copy of data stored in volumes, it enables you to copy data from one volume to another?
vol copy
It starts with vol.
Which feature in Data ONTAP will automatically send notifications about storage system problems to tech support and up to five designated recipients?
AutoSupport
It is automatic and it goes to support.
The System Administration Guide (SAG) at the beginning of Chap. 2 lists 7 methods of administering a storage system. List 5 of the 7.
Command Line Interface (CLI)
Remote LAN Management card
Windows Network Management Tools (MMC)
Config File Editing
FilerView
DataFabric Manager software (license req.)
Using Manage ONTAP Developer SDK
Tools to manage a storage system
List 5 ways to access the Command Line Interface (CLI) on the storage system.
console port
RLM
telnet
rsh
ssh, openssh
Ways to connect to get to the CLI such as telnet (now you only need 4 more).
Can you use the Windows administration tools such as Server Manager and User Manager to execute windows commands that affect the storage system? Yes/No
Yes
When Data ONTAP is shipped installed and configured on a system from the factory what is the default root volume called?
vol0 or /vol/vol0
In which directory are the configuration files kept in the root volume?
/etc or /vol/vol0/etc
What's the name of the NetApp simple, centralized administration tool that enables comprehensive management of enterprise storage, which runs on a management server?
DataFabric Manager / Operations Manager - licensed separately
What is the name of the SDK that contains resources necessary to develop third-party applications which monitor and manage storage systems
Manage ONTAP Developer SDK
If you press Ctrl+P at the command-line what will happen?
You will scroll back to the last command
It's the same as the up arrow.
if you press Ctrl+N at the command-line what will happen?
You will scroll forward to the next command.
if you press Ctrl+F at the command-line what will happen?
Move cursor right one position
if you press Ctrl+B at the command line what will happen?
Move cursor left one position
if you press Ctrl+A at the command-line what will happen?
Moves the cursor to the beginning of the line
if you press Ctrl+E at the command-line what will happen?
Moves the cursor to the end of the line
if you press Ctrl+K at the command-line what will happen?
Deletes all characters from the cursor to the end of the line
if you press Ctrl+H at the command-line what will happen?
Deletes the character to the left of the cursor and move the cursor left one position
if you press Ctrl+U at the command-line what will happen?
Deletes the line
if you press Ctrl+W at the command-line what will happen?
Deletes the word the cursor is on.
if you press Ctrl+R at the command-line what will happen?
Reprints the last line.
What two ways can you get help on the command line syntax of a command when entering the name of the command?
help or ?
example 1: vol help
example 2: vol ?
What character can you type at the command line to get a list of all the commands available at the current level of administration?
The question mark (?)
What are the two privilege levels provided in Data ONTAP?
Administrative
Advanced
What command is used to set the privilege level in Data ONTAP at the command line?
priv
example 1: priv set advanced
example 2: priv set admin
What optional argument enables quiet mode when you set the privilege level to advanced. It suppresses the warning that normally appears when changing to advanced.
-q enables quiet mode

example: priv set -q advanced
What option controls whether the console session is shared with the a Telnet or SSH-interactive session?
telnet.distinct.enable option controls whether the console session is shared.
However, if you have the RLM installed in your storage system, the console session is always shared with the RLM session, regardless of the telnet.distinct.enable option setting
By default the console session is shared with a Telnet or SSH-interactive session? True/False
True
You cannot open more than one Telnet or SSH-interactive session at a time.
True/False
True
If you execute any of the following commands in a console session they will take effect immediately. True/False

autologout.console.enable
autologout.console.timeout
autologout.telnet.enable
autologout.telnet.timeout
False. You must reestablish the console session before the changes take effect.
What requirements must be met before you can connect to a storage system using a Telnet session - they are set by default. What are the two options that must be set?
telnet.enable must be set to On

telnet.access must be set so that the protocol access defined for the storage system allows Telnet access
How many Telnet sessions can be active at one time?
One.
List the two ways you can close a Telnet session to the storage system.
Press Ctrl-] or enter the following command to log out of the storage system at the system prompt or at the console:

logout telnet
or press Ctrl-D to close the Telnet session.

Note
If you are at a Remote Shell connection, enter the following command:

rsh -l username:password hostname logout telnet
What are you configuring by creating a file called "issue" in the /etc directory of the administration host's root volume.
A Telnet session banner message such as:
Connected to toaster.xyz.com
Escape character is `^]'.



This system is for demonstrations only.
Telnet sessions have timeout periods of ____ by default. "minutes" command
60 minutes
Can the Telnet timeout period be disabled? Yes/No
Yes

options autologout.telnet.enable off
Trusted remote hosts are hosts listed in which file ______ on the root volume.
/etc/hosts.equiv
You can have up to __ concurrent rsh sessions running on a storage system, and you can have up to __ concurrent rsh sessions running on each vFiler unit.
24 rsh sessions
4 rsh sessions on each vFiler unit
As root on a UNIX host that is listed in the storage system's trusted remote hosts you DO need to supply a username or a password when using the rsh protocol? True/False
False
List 5 of the 7 commands that CANNOT be executed by using the rsh command.
arp
orouted
ping
routed
savecore
setup
traceroute
List three httpd options that control access to FilerView.
httpd.admin.access
httpd.admin.enable
httpd.admin.ssl.enable
Assuming your storage system is named filername, what is the URL you would type in your web browser to access FilerView?
http://filername/na_admin
Some administration tasks require that the administrator edit configuration files, and it is often more convenient to administer a storage system remotely than to go to the storage system's physical location. These are two reasons you will need to designate a client machine to use as an ______________.
Administration host
What two commands must both NFS and CIFS administration hosts support?
telnet and rsh
Administration hosts are specified in the _______ file.
/etc/hosts.equiv
The following is an example of the contents of an /etc/hosts.equiv file:

nfsclient1
client2 lena
client2 root
client3 fred
client3 root

On nfsclient1 what user can execute a Data ONTAP command through the rsh command?
If hostname specifies an NFS client, the user name is optional. If you do not specify a user name, you must be the root user on that NFS client to execute a Data ONTAP command through the rsh command.
What will the following command do?

options trusted.hosts -
disable Telnet access for all hosts
What will the following command do?
options trusted.hosts host1,host2,host3,host4,host5
Specifies up to five hosts that are allowed Telnet, RSH and administrative HTTP (FilerView) access to the storage system for administrative purposes. The default is set to an asterisk (*), which allows access to all storage systems. This value is ignored for Telnet access if the telnet.access option is set. It is also ignored for administrative HTTP access if the httpd.admin.access option is set.
What will the following command do?

options trusted.hosts *
allow Telnet access for all hosts
What three ways can you limit Telnet access using the telnet.access option?
specific host names, IP addresses, and network interface names of the host.
Note. if using telnet.access option the trusted hosts option is ignored for Telnet.
What will the following command do?

options rsh.access host=hostname
Allow Remote Shell access to a storage system from a single host.
What will the following command do?

options nfs.mount_rootonly on
restrict the mount privilege to only the root user using privileged ports (ports 1 through 1,024)
What will the following command do?

options nfs.mount_rootonly off
allow the mount privilege for all users on all ports
Note
Some PC clients and some older implementations of NFS on UNIX workstations use nonprivileged ports to send requests. If you have these clients at your site, set the mount_rootonly option to off or upgrade the client software.
When a user without root privileges changes the owner of a file, the set-user-id and set-group-id bits are cleared. True/False
True.
What will the following command do?

options wafl.root_only_chown on
restrict the privilege of changing directory and file ownership to the root user
What will the following command do?

options cifs.restrict_anonymous.enable on
control whether anonymous CIFS users can look up CIFS shares, users, or groups on a storage system. This option is applicable only if the CIFS protocol is licensed.
In contrast with traditional volumes, it is possible to create a FlexVol volume that is too small to be used as the root volume. True/False
True
A root FlexVol volume must have a space guarantee of ________.
volume
What are the two default directories contained in the root vol?
/etc
/home
The /etc directory stores miscellaneous files and can be deleted if the space is needed for user data. True/False
False
The /etc directory, stores storage system configuration files, executables required to boot the system, and some log files.
By default, all system messages of level ____ and higher are sent to the console and to the /etc/messages file.
INFO
The /etc/messages file is rotated _____, and _____ of messages are retained.
The /etc/messages file is rotated once a week, and six weeks of messages are retained.
What is the command to create and send a system message explicitly?
logger
What URL would you type into a web browser to access your log files using HTTP?
http://<system_name>/na_admin/logs/
Data ONTAP does not include an editor. True/False
True.
Data ONTAP requires that the following configuration files be terminated with a _________:

/etc/passwd
/etc/group
/etc/netgroup
/etc/shadow
carriage return

When you edit these files, be sure to insert a carriage return after the last entry.
To edit configuration files from a CIFS client you need to map to which share on the storage system?
\\\\<server name>\\C$
The storage system root directory is shared automatically as C$
What are the five steps required to change the root volume of a storage system?
1. identify or create a volume to be used as root
2. copy the /etc tree using ndmpcopy to the new root volume
3. Enter the vol options vol_name root command
4. reboot
5. update the httpd.rootdir option to point to the new volume
Storage systems boot from a ____, ____, or set of floppy diskettes, depending on the system.
Storage systems boot from a PC CompactFlash Card, from disk, or from a set of floppy diskettes, depending on the system.
What command do you use to boot the system from the firmware prompt (ok)?
boot
What are five boot options available in the Common Firmware Environment (CFE)?
boot_ontap
boot_primary
boot_backup
netboot
boot_diags
Name of the boot option that boots from a Data ONTAP version stored on a remote HTTP or TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) server.
netboot
What option is used to configure a storage system as a TFTP netboot server?
options tftpd.enable on
What command would you type if you want the storage system to reboot in 5 minutes?
reboot -t 5
What command performs an orderly shutdown that flushes file system updates to disk and clears the NVRAM
halt
Which halt command option causes the storage system to perform a core dump before halting.
halt -d
What option to the halt command prevents one partner in a clustered storage system pair from taking over the other after the storage system halts.
halt -f
Which command allows sending a message from the console to a specific user workstation or to all user workstations that have sessions open on a specified volume?
cifs broadcast