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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cerebellum
part of the brain that coordinates muscle movement and maintains balance
Myoneural
pertaining to the nerves and muscles
Acetycholine/Neurotransmitter
chemical released at the ends of some nerves
Dendrite
microscopic branching fiber of a nerve cell that is the first part to receive the nervous impulse
Gyri
sheets of nerve cells that produce elevation in the surface of the cerebral cortex
Causalgia
burning pain sensation
Plexus
large interlacing networks of nerves
Hypothalamus
underneath the thalamus~~ Functions: sleep control; water balance; appetite control; cardio, gastro; emotional; feeding center; autonomic nerve control; temperature
Synapse
space through which a nervous impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another
Medulla Oblongata
part of brain just above spinal cord; controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blodd vessels
Aphasia
no speech
Caude Equine
tail end of spinal cord composed of nerves
Myelogram
record of the spinal cord
Subural Hematoma
blood clot within the skull lying beneath the dura
Paresthesia
burning, tingling sensation
Radiculitis
inflammtion of the nerve root
Glioblastoma
malignant form of the astrocytoma
Quadriplegia
paralysis of all four limbs
Syncope
fainting, temp. loss of consiousness caused by inadequante flow of blood to brain
Dyslexia
learning problem w/reading
Meninges
three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
Axon
microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell
Cerebral Cortex
outer region of the cerebrum; gray matter of the brain
Myelin Sheath
fatty tissue that surrounds, protects, and insulates the axon of a nerve cell
Sensory Nerve
carry messages to the brain and spinal cord from a receptor
Pia mater
thin delicate inner membrane of the meninges
Subarachnoid Space
the area beneath the arachnoid membrane which covers the brain
Apraxia
no action
Bradykinesia
slow movement
Hemiparesis
slight paralysis in half the body
Nacolepsy
seizure of sleep
Ataxia
no coordination
Hyperesthesia
condition of increased nervous sensation
Alzheimer Disease
brain disorder marked by gradual deterioration of mental capacity beginning in middle age
Myasthenia Gravis
Neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles
Bell Palsy
paralysis on one side of the face. etiololgy is likely infection with a virus
MS
believed to be a disease the may originate from early exposure to a virus that remained latent in the brain and or spinal cord
Aura
a premonition before a convulsion; warning sign to an epileptic
Palliative
relieve not a cure
Occulusion
shutting off, the blood flow in a clotted blood vessel
Dopamine
a neurotransmitter that is deficient in Parkinson disease
Glioblastoma Muliforme
brain tumor
Absence Seizure
minor form of seizure; mementary clouting of consciousness
Tonic-clonic siezure
major convulsive seizure marked by sudden lostt of consciousness, stiffening of muscles, and twitching and jerking movements
Dura Mater
thick outermost layer of the meninges surrounding and protecting the brain and spinal cord
Glioma
tumor originating from the tissue which surrounds the brain and spinal cord
Meningioma
tumor of the meninges
Tourette Syndrome
involuntary, spasmodic, twiching movements, uncontrollable vocal sounds and inappropriate words
Shigles
(herpes zoster) viral infection affecting perifheral nerves