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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lateral Ventricle
in each cerebral hemisphere produce CFS looks like a "C"
Name the proper sequence of layers between the brain and the skull
Epidermal Space, Dura Matter, Subdermal Space, Arachnoid, Subarachnoid Space, Pia Mater
3rd Ventricle
Found in the Diencephalon, midline
Frontal Lobe
from most anterior to central sulcus, motor control, personality, and left side is speech
vermis seperates 2 hemispheres, folia - little hills, arbor vitae - white matter, celebellar peduncles - small connections to rest of brain is responsible for balance/posture
Parietal Lobe
Central sulcus to pareital-occipitor general sensory perception pain, touch, temperature
Cranial Nerve 11 (spinal accesory)
motor, sternocleidimastoid trapezius
Temporal Lobe
Below lateral sulcus hearing and memory
Cranial Nerve 10 (vagus)
mixed, s- organs of the thoracic, abdomen m- same as sensory but control the muscles in those areas
Central Sulcus
runs up/down ends at the lateral sulcus
Cranial Nerve 9 (glossopharygeal)
mixed, s- taste posterior 1/3 of tongue m- pharageal muscles
Cranial Nerve 5 (trigeminal)
Mixed, sensory from the face and motor to the muscles of the mastificator
Voluntary ie. skeletal
Cranial Nerve 8 (vestibulochlear)
sensory, hearing and equilibrium
Fight or Flight
Cranial Nerve 7 (facial)
mixed, s-taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue, m- muscles of facial expression
tissue around the neurumal process
Dorsal Root Ganglion
Somma of neurons afferent neuron unipolar
Ventral Horn
Motor function, efferent
Name the 2 Glial cells of the PNS
Satellite and Schwann
Occipitol Lobe
From parietal occiptor back responsible for sight
White Matter
Myelinated Axions
Dorsal Root
carries afferent into CNS
Relay information towards the CNS
How many spinal cord nerve pairs are there?
31 total 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 1 coccygial
Name the 4 possible structures of a neuron
Anoxonic, Unipolar, Bipolar, Multipolar
Cranial Nerve 4 (trochlear)
Motor and is responsible for eye movement
Development and repair of PNS, produce myelin
Conus Medularis
the end of the spinal cord between L1 and L2
Lateral Sulcus
Runs from the front to the mid
head of the sea horse epithalamus (pineal gland, melatonin), thalamus, hypothalamus is the snout
Satellite Cells
Holds groups of neurons together in PNS
Cranial Nerve 2 (optic)
sensory and is responsible for sight
in the development of CNS, maintain optimal external enviroment for neurons in the CNS, produce the BBB
Neck of the sea horse 4 bumps called calliculi-noise reflex- on back of neck cerebral peduncles - motor information- cerebral aqueduct
Filium Terminale
the ligament that connects the conus medularis to the coccyx
Produce myelin in CNS
Central Canal
in the spinal cord or subarachnoid space is the place where the 4th ventricle empties in
Rest & Digest
4th Ventricle
Between Pons/Medulla and Cerebellum
Line the sacs in CNS and produce CSF
Cranial Nerve 6 (Abducens)
Motor, Eye movement
Relay info away from the CNS
Cranial Nerve 3 (oculomotor)
motor and is responsible for eye movement
is a raised ridge on the brain
Medulla Oblongata
tail of the sea horse, respiratory and heart rate
Grey Matter
Made up of mostly neuron somma and unmyelinated axions
Cerebral Aqueduct
in midbrain channel
Name the 4 Glial cells of the CNS
Astrocyte, Oligodendrocyte, Microglia, Ependyrial
Ventral Root
Relays (efferent) away from the CNS motor impulses
Parieto-occipital sulcus
can see it by the back when sliced
Name the 5 steps to a reflex arch
1. activate recptor 2. activate afferent neuron 3. CNS process incoming Info 4. Activate efferent neuron 5. effector organ response ie. muscle contracts
Name the 6 regions of the brain
Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Midbrain, Pons, Medulla Oblongata
Dorsal Horn
sensory, afferent
is a shallow grove on the brain
Cranial Nerve 12 (hypoglossal)
motor, of the tongue
tissue around a fasicle
Nmae the 2 types of classifying a reflex
A) Site 1.cranial 2 spinal B) on number of synapses in pathway 1. monosynoptic 2. polysynoptic
Sagittal Fissure
Seperates the brain into rt/left hemispheres
belly of the sea horse, axon crossing of celebelum, respiratory rates and sensory up and down
Transverse Fissure
between the cerbrum and the celebellum
Cranial Nerve 1 (olfactory)
is a sensory nerve and is responsible for smell
Name the 4 lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal, Parietal, Temperol, Occipital
Name the 5 Ventricles (cavaties) of the brain
Lateral, 3rd, Cerebral aqueduct, 4th, Central canal
the covering around a nerve