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8 Cards in this Set

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what is nephrotic syndrome?
it is a kidney disorder characterized by massive proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, and edema.
is there inflammation of the kidneys?
no, but there is glomerular.
What is glomerular?
a compact cluster of capillaries in the nephron of a kidney, functioning to remove certain substances from the blood before it flows into the convoluted tubule.
nephrotic syndrome can occur is three forms. what are they?
(1)idiopathic (2)primary or secondary (occuringas a result of glomerular damage caused by a known etiology (3)congenitally acquired
what is the primary objective of therapeutic management?
it is to reduce the excretion of urinary protein and maintain protein-free urine.
how does proteinuria result in this disorder?
it results from glomerular damage that provides the glamorous permeable to protein, therefore causing proteinuria.
since protein is being transmitted out of the blood, what occurs and how?
hypoproteinemia due to decreasing colloidal osmotic pressure in the capillaries.
when there is a decreasing colloidal osmotic pressure, what occurs?
edema due to an increase in hydrostatic pressure within the capillaries causing fluid leak into the interstitial spaces (kidneys retain Na and H2O.