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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are some potential
side effects/adverse effects
of Penicillins?
• Allergies/anaphylaxis
• Renal impairment
• Hyperkalemia/dysrhythmias
• What are medication/food
interactions for
Cephalosporins?
• Alcohol – can cause a Disulfiram
reaction. Instruct client not to
consume alcohol while taking
cephalosporins.
• Probenecid – delays renal excretion.
Monitor client’s I&O.
How should peak
Vancomycin blood levels be
obtained?
• Vancomycin peak blood levels should
be collected 1 to 2 hours after
completion of IV infusion. Appropriate
peak levels are between 30 to 40
micrograms/ml.
• What are potential side
effects/adverse effects of
tetracycline?
• GI discomfort
• Yellow/brown tooth discoloration
and/or hypoplasia of tooth enamel
• Hepatotoxicity
• Photosensitivity
• Pseudomembranous colitis
What are potential side
effects/adverse effects of
Aminoglycosides?
• Ototoxicity – monitor for tinnitus,
headache, hearing loss, nausea,
dizziness, vertigo
• Nephrotoxicity – monitor I&O, BUN, and
creatinine levels
• Hypersensitivity – monitor for rash,
pruritus, paresthesias, urticaria
• What class of antibiotic
should be avoided in
clients allergic to thiazide
diuretics, and
sulfonylurea-type oral
hypoglycemics?
• Sulfonamides and Trimethoprim.
• What are key client
education items for
client’s taking
antimycobacterials
(antituberculosis meds)?
• Observe for tingling sensations of the hands
and feet and to notify PCP if these symptoms
occur.
• Observe for anorexia, malaise, fatigue, nausea
and yellow discoloration of skin and eyes.
• What are
contraindications to
Ganciclovir?
• Ganciclovir is teratogenic and thus
contraindicated during pregnancy.
• Male clients should be warned of risk
of sterility.
• Contraindicated in clients with a
neutrophil count below 500/mm
3.