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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Produced by the male testes called spermatozoa
production of sperms
work of FSH and LH
FSH and LH stimulate the processes of spermatogenesis and maturation of the ova
varicosities in pregnancy-labia majora
b/c/o the extensive venous network in the labia majora, varicosities (swelling) may occur during pregnancy, birth trauma or sexual trauma, labia majora share and extensive lymphatic supply with the other structures of the vulva
the uterus is innervated entirely by
the autonomic nervous system
implantation of the embryo
fallopian tubes aka
oviducts or uterine tubes
round ligaments
keep the uterus in place
ovarian ligaments
anchor the lower pole of the ovary to the cornua
cardinal ligaments
chief uterine supporters, suspending the uterus from the side walls of the true pelvis
hormone of pregnancy, allows pregnancy to be maintained
gyenecoid pelvis
most common gemale pelvis. The inlet is rounded with the anteroposterior diameter a little shorter than the transverse diameter
android pelvis
normal male pelvis sometimes seen in female, the inlet is heart shaped.
anthropoid pelvis
oval shaped
platypelloid pelvis
flat female pelvis, transverse oval
coopers ligaments
suspends the breast fibrous tissue
human chorionic gonadotropin
needed to maintain the corpus lutiem
Risk factor endometrial cancer
cumulative exposure to estrogen, use of estrogen /s use of progesterone, early menarche, late menopause, never having children, and anovulation, other risk factors- infertility, diabetes, hypertension, gallbladder disease, obesity
endometrial lining of a postmenopausal woman
Postmenopausal woman should have a very thin endometrium due to low levels of estrogen, a thicker lining warrants further investigation
Treatment of endometrial cancer
TAH (total abd hystorectomy), bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy and node sampling, recurrent lesions are treated with radiation
Most common symptoms of vulva CA
long-standing pruritus and soreness, bleeding, foul smelling discharge and pain may be present and are usually signs of advanced stages
Characteristics of vulva ca
early lesions appear as a chronic dermatitis, later the pt may note a lump that continues to grow and become a hard, ulcerated, cauliflower-like growth. Vulva malignancies may appear as a lump/mass, redness or lesion that fails to heal
Treatment of vulva CA
local excision, laser ablation, chemotherapeutic creams or cryosurgery as well as wide excision or complete removal of the vulva (vulvectomy, radiation is used to treat unresectable tumors
external radiation therapy
destroys cancer cells at the skin surface or deeper in the body
intraoperative radiation therapy
allows radiation to be applied directly to the affected area during surgery. An electron beam is directed at the disease site.
internal irradiation (intracavitary)
pt receiveds an anesthetic agent and is examined after which specially prepared applicators are inserted into the endometrial cavity and vgina
Nurse cautions in radiation care
minimize amt of time near a radioactive source, maximize distance from radioactive source, use required shielding to minimize exposure, pregnant nurses s/n be in the immediate care of such patients