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40 Cards in this Set

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Name the slightly thickend skin just below the free edge fo the nail plate. It represents the accumulatted retinocytes streaming distally from t he superficial surfase f othe nail bed.
hyponychium
What is abnormal separation or loosening of the nail plate form the nail bed called?
Oncyholysis
What is the name of the scarring nail dystrophy characteristic of lichen planus?
pterygium formation.
Who first described clubbing of the fingernails as an assosciated clinicals sign o fthoracic empyema
hippocrates
What is the most common cause fo onychoschizia?
repetitive cycles of wetting and drying fo the nail plate is the most common cause of onychoschizia or the superfical distal lamellar nail splitting.
Which dermatophyte is chiefly responsible for white superficial onychomycosis?
trichophyton metargrophytes
HOw si the clnical severity of nail clubbing measured?
Lovibond's lateral profile sign is used ot measure clubbing and is defiend as the angle between the curved nailo plate and the prximal nail fold. The angle is normally 160 degrees but exceed 180 in clubbing
Periungual fibromas or coenen's tumors are foudn in 50% of the cases fo which disease.
tuberous sclerosis
Myxoid cysts or synovial cysts fo the distal dorsal fingers are associated with which type of arthritis?
osteoarthritiis
Whic diagnostic test is considered the "gold standard" for detecting a glomus tumor of the nail bed?
arterography.
What diagnosis shoudl be considered if a streak of longitudinal melanonychia widens
subungual melanoma
How fast should a partial subungual hematoma grow out or move distally?
ata a rate of one milimeter per month
What diagnosis shoudl be considered if a streak of longitudinal melanonychia widens
subungual melanoma
RElative ot nail unit pahtology, hwat is hutchinson's sign?
A brown to black discoloration of hte nail bed "leaking" or sp[reading ot the surrounding nail fold skin sternly suggesting melanoma
How fast should a partial subungual hematoma grow out or move distally?
ata a rate of one milimeter per month
Wht is the medical term for "spon shaped nails"
koilonychia
RElative ot nail unit pahtology, hwat is hutchinson's sign?
A brown to black discoloration of hte nail bed "leaking" or sp[reading ot the surrounding nail fold skin sternly suggesting melanoma
What is the medical term for nail bithing?
onychophagia
Wht is the medical term for "spon shaped nails"
koilonychia
What is the medical termf for increased curvature of the nail plate along hte long axis of the nail unitt?
platonychia
What is the medical term for nail bithing?
onychophagia
What is the medical term for fusing of hte distal nail plate to the underlying hyponychium and nail bed?
pterygium inversus unguium
What is the medical termf for increased curvature of the nail plate along hte long axis of the nail unitt?
platonychia
What is the medical term for fusing of hte distal nail plate to the underlying hyponychium and nail bed?
pterygium inversus unguium
What is the medical term for rough nails?
trachyonychia
What is the medical term for complete shedding of the nail plated?
onychomadesis
What is the medical term for rough nails?
trachyonychia
What is the medical term for calloused nail froove or nail lip?
onychophosis
What is the medical term for complete shedding of the nail plated?
onychomadesis
What is the medical term for calloused nail froove or nail lip?
onychophosis
What is the medical term for spontaneous longitudingal splitting or beaking of the nail plate?
onychorrhexis
What is the medical termofor neurotic picking ath the nails?
Onychotillomania
What poisoning can casue transverse white bands in the nail plate?
Arsenic (Mee's lines)
What is the most common cause fo splinter hemorrhages of the nail bed?
trauma
Which specific form of onychomycosis is sassocated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus
proximal subungual onychomycosis
In onychomycosis how long should one wait ot see the full therapeutic effect of a three month cours of oral itraconazole or terbinafine?
ten months
Chronic paronychia ina diabetic s mostlikely caused by which organism?
Canda!

Ok really Candida
Whic organism is responsible for over 90% of the cases of onychomycosis?
trichopyton rubrum
Which is the most sensitive laboratory test for onychomycosis
Nail clip biopsy with PAS stain
What are the shallow transverse grooves of the nail plate called?
Beau's lines