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65 Cards in this Set

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What does JSLIST stand for?
Joint Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
What are the 7 levels of MOPP?
1. MOPP Ready: (Mask carried - everything else available within 2 hours with a 2nd set available within 6)
2. MOPP 0: (Mask carried - everything else within arm’s reach of soldier)
3. MOPP 1: (Mask carried - JSLIST worn - MULOS, Gloves and Protective Helmet Cover must be positioned within arm’s reach of soldier.)
4. MOPP 2: (Mask carried - JSLIST, MULOS and Helmet Protective Cover worn - Gloves must be within arm’s reach of soldier)
5. MOPP 3: (Mask, JSLIST, MULOS and Helmet Protective Cover worn - Gloves must be within arm’s reach of soldier)
6. MOPP 4: (All equipment worn)
7. Command: (Mask worn only)
When under an NBC attack, when do you give warning?
After you mask
What are the proper masking procedures?
Stop breathing and close your eyes, don protective mask, clear mask, check the seal of the mask, sound the alarm to alert others, and continue the mission
What does NBC stand for?
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical
NBC hazards are classified into two types, what are they?
1. Immediate hazards- produce casualties immediately after attack
2. Residual hazards- Delayed effects
What is Atropine?
A counter agent for G and V agents or Nerve Gas
What is the maximum number of Nerve Agent kits (MK1) that may be given?
3
Name 3 types of NBC warnings
1. Verbal (gas, gas, gas)
2. Banging metal on metal
3. Hand and arm signals
What Field Manual deals with NBC Operations?
FM 3-11 (superseded FM 3-100)
What Field Manual deals with NBC Operations?
FM 3-11 (superseded FM 3-100)
What does FM 3-11.4 cover? (superseded FM 3-4)
NBC protection
What does FM 3-5 cover?
NBC Decontamination
What is FM 3-7?
NBC Handbook
What forms do NBC contaminants come in?
Solids, Liquids and Gases
Soldiers in MOPP 4 may lose how much water per hour through perspiration?
1 quart or more
When fitting the protective mask, in what sequence should the straps be tightened?
Forehead straps, cheek straps, then temple straps
Which of the NBC reports is most widely used?
NBC 1
What are the three types of procedures for MOPP gear exchange?
1. Buddy Team
2. Triple Buddy
3. Individual
What are three fundamentals of NBC defense?
1. Avoid contamination
2. Protection
3. Decontamination
How long should you apply pressure when using the Auto injector?
10 seconds
What do you do with the Auto injector after injecting?
Stick it through the pocket flap (upper left) so that you do not lose count and so that someone that happens to come across the casualty will know that they have already been given X amount of injections and will not give them more than needed.
The protective mask will not protect against what two types of gases?
Ammonia vapors or carbon monoxide
When giving Buddy Aid, whose auto injectors would you use?
The other person (the person's auto injectors that is receiving the medication)
When giving Self Aid, how long should you wait if still experiencing the symptoms of a Nerve Agent before administering a second MK1?
Wait 10 to 15 minutes; also wait 10 to 15 minutes between 2nd and 3rd
Once a unit has masked, who can make the decision to unmask?
The unit commander
What is the shape of the contamination markers?
Triangle
What type of attack does an M22 ACADA alarm warn you of?
Chemical
What are the three levels of Decontamination?
1. Immediate
2. Operational
3. Thorough
How often should you check your protective mask during peactime?
Before, during and after training events, monthly, and semi-annually. The minimum is MONTHLY
What are the dimensions of an NBC marker?
11 1/2 inches on the top by 8 inches on either side.
What are the 9 mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
1. Unexplained runny nose
2. Unexplained headache
3. Sudden drooling
4. Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis)
5. Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing
6. Localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin
7. Stomach cramps
8. Nausea
9. Tachycardia followed by bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat wth a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute)
What are the 11 severe symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
1. Strange or confused behavior.
2. Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing.
3. Severely pinpointed pupils.
4. Red eyes with tearing.
5. Vomiting.
6. Severe muscular twitching and general weakness.
7. Involuntary urination and defecation.
8. Convulsions.
9. Unconsciousness.
10. Respiratory failure.
11. Bradycardia.
When crossing a contaminated area, what 2 things should you avoid doing?
stirring up dust and touching anything
Of these 3, nerve, blood, and blister agents, which causes the most casualties?
Nerve agents
How should an area that is suspected of contamination be crossed?
quickly, avoiding depressions and vegetation.
What are the three effects of a nuclear explosion?
Blast, heat and radiation
What is the color of a Nuclear(radiological) contamination marker?
White background with ATOM in black letters
What is the current US policy regarding the use of Nuclear assets?
Last Resort, will use first only if necessary
What are flash burns?
Direct burns produced by the flash of thermal radiation from the fireball
What causes the most casualties in a nuclear attack?
the initial blast and the heat of detonation
What is the difference between dose rate and total dose?
dose rate is the amount of radiation per hour; total dose is the actual accumulation
WHo has the authority to order the use of nuclear weapons
president of the US
What are the 3 types of nuclear bursts?
1. Air
2. Ground
3. Subsurface
What does an AN VDR-2 detect?
Radiation
An NBC-1 report is used to determine what?
The initial detection of NBC weapons usage by the enemy
WHat does the AN/UDR-13 measure?
Total dosage of radiation received
What does FM 3-3-1 cover?
Nuclear contamination avoidance
For maximum radiation effect, which nuclear burst would you use?
air burst
what is the best way to protect against biological agents?
personal hygiene and immunization shots
What is a vector?
An insect used to disseminate biological agents
WHat is the current US policy regarding the use of Biological assets?
No use
What is meant by biological warfare?
the intentional use by an enemy, of germs or toxins, to cause death and disease among personnel, animals, plants, or more rarely, to deteriorate material
What is the color of a biological contamination marker
Blue background with BIO in red letters
WHat does FM 3-3 cover?
Chemical and Biological contamination avoidance
What are the 4 types of microorganisms found in Biological agents?
1. Bacteria
2. Fungi
3. Rickettsiae
4. Viruses
What is the best decontamination for biological agents?
warm soapy water
where would a biological attack be most effective?
cities, large troop concentrations, animals and vegetable crops
how may chemical agents be deployed?
arterial spray, artillery bombs, or individuals (pollution of water, food and supplies), mines, rockets.
What are the most effective times to use chemical agents?
evening and early morning.
Chemical agents are classified by the US into 3 categories, name them
1. persistent
2. non-persitent
3. dusty
what is the current US policy regarding use of Chemical assets?
no first use
What are the 4 types of chemical agents?
1. nerve
2. blister
3. blood
4. choking
What decontamination equipment is available for chemical agents?
• M291 SDK (Skin Decon Kit)
• M295 IEDK (Individual Equipment Decon Kit)
• M100 SDS (Sorbent Decon System)
• ABC-M11 PDA (Portable Decon Apparatus (looks like a fire extinguisher)
• M13 PDA (Portable Decon Apparatus (about the size of a 5 gallon gas can, comes pre filled with 14 liters of DS2 Decon Agents)
• M12 PDDA (PDDA Power Driven Decontamination Apparatus (can be used for showering personal down)
• M17 LDS (LDS Lightweight Decon System (1580 gallon collapsible water tank with two wands to wash down vehicles)