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82 Cards in this Set

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WHAT IS CHAPTER 8 OF THE MANUAL OF NAVAL PREVENTIVE MEDICINE?
MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY AND PEST CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
WHAT DOES (DVECC) STAND FOR?
Disease Vector Ecology and Control Centers
Refers to organisms, primarily arthropods and rodents
DEFINITION OF A VECTOR
Provides specialized support in the area of stored products pest management
Entomologist
Who must attend pest control training?
THE SEL MDR & PMT Corpsman
How often is shipboard pest control training conducted?
Once a year.
Is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest
Definition of Pesticides
Acaricides, avicides, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides, nematocides, rodenticides
Are Shipboard Pesticides
A substance used to control mites, scorpions, spiders, ticks and related organisms
Acaricides
A substance used to control fungi
Fungicides
A substance used to control un-desired vegetation
Herbicides
A substance used to control insects, sometimes used in a broader sense to include the control of arthropods other than insects.
Insecticide
Used to control the adult stage of an insect
Adulticide
Used to control the larval stage of an insect.
Larvicide
Used against the egg stage of an insect.
Ovicide
Used to control snails and other mollusks
Molluscicide
Used to control rodents.
Rodenticide
Are compounds of mineral origin and mainly include arsenic, copper, mercury, sulfur or zinc
Inorganic pesticides
Are a group of synthetic organic compounds with one or more chlorine atoms. Chlordane, dieldrin, and DDT are examples
Chlorinated hydrocarbons
Synthetic compounds containing phosphorous
Organophosphates
Are synthetic compounds of salts or esters of carbamic acid. Carbaryl and propoxur are examples
Carbamates
Are pesticides of plant origin. Pyrethrums and rotenone are examples.
Botanical
They are effective for penetrating cracks and crevices. They may be used around electrical equipment or power
Oil Solutions
Consists of droplets of an emulsifiable pesticide dispersed in a diluent in such
a way as to prevent separation of the two components
Emulsions
Are preparations of pesticide impregnated into particles of highly
absorptive clays and earths which are graded by sizes ranging from coarse pebble-like pellets to those with a consistency of fine sand
Granules/Pellets
This miscellaneous grouping includes the application of pesticides by brush or roller, as a paste, grease, or cream, or as solid formulations which vaporize slowly in air.
Nonparticle pesticides.
Are materials that enhance the effectiveness of basic toxicant chemicals by altering their physical or chemical characteristics
Additives
Used only in airtight spaces which prevent dissipation
Gases and Vapors
Suspension of liquid or solid particles in air
Aerosols
Are dispersed particles in which the particles are intermediate in size
Mists
Spray droplets are considered to be from 100 to 400 microns in diameter
Fine Sprays
Consist of droplets over 400 microns in diameter
Coarse Sprays
What is Highly Toxic? (How much does it take to administer death)
0-50 mg/kg
What is Moderately Toxic? (How much does it take to administer death)
50-500 mg/kg
What is a Musca domestics?
A House fly
What is a (Calliphora, Chrysomya, Lucilia, Phaenicia, Phormia, etc.)?
Blow Fly
What is a (Sarcophagi and Wohlfahrtia)?
Flesh Fly
What is Glossina spp.?
Tsetse Fly
What is Phlebotomus spp.?
Sand Fly
What is a Simulium spp.?
Black Fly
What is a Tabanus, Chrysops, etc.?
Horse and Deer Fly
What is a Hippelates?
Eye gnat
First in importance among the insects that transmit disease to man
Mosquitoes
Generally most frequently associated with disease transmission, mosquitoes are
Aedes, Anopheles and Culex
Are responsible for the transmission of louse-borne typhus, trench fever and louse-borne relapsing fever.
Human Lice
What is termed pediculosis?
Human Lice
Are probably the most common and persistently troublesome arthropod
pest encountered indoors
Cockroaches
What is a Blatella germanica?
German Cockroach
What is a Supella longipalpa?
Brown-banded cockroach
What is a Periplaneta americana?
American cockroach
What is a Periplaneta australasiae?
Australian cockroach
They are known to transmit diseases to man and animals.
Ticks
Which vectors transmits Q fever and endemic relapsing fever, and Lyme disease?
Ticks
What is Rhipicephalus sanguineus?
The brown dog tick
What is Xenopsylla cheopis?
The oriental rat flea
What vector transmits the Plague?
The oriental rat flea
What vector causes ulcerating lesions on the feet of man and of animals?
Burrowing flea
What is Tunga Penetrans?
Burrowing flea
What flea needs an animal hosts to breed?
Sand Flea
What vectors may serve as reservoirs for plague, endemic typhus, tularemia and other debilitating diseases?
Rodents such as rats, mice and
ground squirrels
What vector causes the most damage from contamination of supplies?
Rodents
What is a Rattus norvegicus?
The Norway, brown or gray rat,
What is Rattus rattus alexandrines?
The Roof rat
What is Mus musculus?
The house rat
What are the measurements for rodent proofing all necessary openings for all structures that are built?
28 gauge 95 mm (3/8 in) mesh galvanized hardware
How does the Navy prevent rodents from boarding ships?
Rat Guards
What is the minimum diameter of a rat guard?
36 in diameter
Where should the rat guard be mounted?
At least 6 feet from the closet point on shore or ship.
What certifies a Navy vessel that there is no rats, on-board?
Deratization Certification
Where are the requirements for Deratization certification found?
NAVMEDCOMINST 6250.7
What Clinical manifestations include anaphylactic shock, hemolysis, necrosis, paralysis, cardiopulmonary dysfunction, allergenic asthma?
Common Venomous Arthropods
Vesicating come from what?
blister beetles
Neurotoxic come from what?
black widow spiders
Cytolytic come from what?
brown recluse spider
Hemolytic come from what?
horse flies
Are fast moving, dorso-ventrally flat, elongate arthropods having one pair of legs per body segment.
Centipedes
These arthropods are slow moving, rounded, elongated arthropods with two pairs of legs per body segment
Millipedes
Are venomous arachnids that rarely sting man, and then, only when provoked?
Scorpions
Considered dangerous because of the hemolytic and neurotoxic
venom properties
Scorpions
Tachypnea, tachycardia, nausea, Glycosuria, epigastric pain and tenderness, excessive salivation, slurred speech, tissue discoloration and necrosis, are what?
Scorpion bites
Are venomous arachnids and in most cases are considered to be beneficial because they feed on other arthropods
Spiders
May cause mild to severe contact dermatitis, nodular conjunctivitis, respiratory pain, headache and convulsions
Caterpillars