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147 Cards in this Set

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In all who must make rouotine inspections for sanitary living conditions of toilets, lavatorries, and berthing?
Executive officer, medical officer or medical department representative, the OOD, JOOD, cheif master at arms, division officer, and division cheif petty officer.
Head-to-foot sleeping for adjacent beds are recommended to reduce what?
Airborn diseases.
Head-to-foot sleeping for adjacent beds are recommended to reduce airborn diseases unless what is installed at each bunk.
Privacy curtains.
Polyurethane pillows must be use for each bunk. True or False
False
Per Millitary Specification MIL-R-20092 all mattress foam inserts must be of what material?
"Low Smoke" foam rubber inserts
Bachelor Quarters must be routinely inspection whom?
Department Head, Division Officer, and Division leading Petty Officer must make routine inspection enlisted bachelor Quarters.
Who must accompany all inspecting parties in their areas of responibity and be familiar with standard room entry procedures outlined in OPNAVINST 11103.1B?
Biulding Petty Officer (BPO)
The Commanding Officer may permitt occupances the ability to maintain what kind of pets in bachelor enlisted housing.
Pets such as fish.
Water supplied to BQ's with laundry and shower facilities must be mainained and not to exseed what temperature?
110 F
Water supplied to BQ's without laundry and shower facilities must be mainained and not to exseed what temperature?
100 F
medical Department Personnel with Preventive Medicine responsibilities must conduct inspections at what entervals?
Quarterly
The brig is to be inspected daily by who?
Brig Staff
The brig is to be inspected weekly by who?
Medical Department Represntative
All barber and beuty shop employees, to enclud civilain contract must have what performed prior to assignment.
A medical screening
What must be worm while attending any patron in a barbershop and beauty shop?
Freshly laundered over garment eg. smock.
Barber shops and beauty shop may not be located in or near what areas?
Food service areas, and Berthing areas.
Barber shops and beauty shop may be located in what areas?
BOQ, BEQ, officer and enlisted clubs; but do require a separate room.
Barber shops and beauty shop cosmetic products shall not include what type of ingredient per FDA.
Any ingredeint that is banned or deemed to be poisonous or unsafe.
True or False. Sanitary regulations shall be conspicusly posted.
True
The treatment of pimples, ingrown hair, etc. are permited. True or False
False
When compressed air is used to remove hairfrom patrons, the pressure must be?
15 pounds per square inch or less.
True or False? Formaldehyde cabinets and ultraviolet light are not acceptable methods of disinfection in Navy and Marine Corps barber shops and beauty shops.
True
True or False? Serving patrons with inflamed or infectious conditions of the scalp, face, or neck without the written consent of the medical officer is prohibited.
True
Inspection of barbershops and beauty shops must be conducted at what enterval and by whom.
Quarterly
Medical Department Personnel
Mobile Home is defined as?
A permanent dwelling. It has kitchen facilities, flush toilets, and a bath or shower.
Recreation Vehicle is defined as?
A self-propelled and self-contained dwelling intended for temporary occupancy.
Trailer Home is defined as?
A vehicle drawn by an automobile or truck; intended for temporary occupancy. It may or may not be equipped with toilet and bath facilities.
Recreational Vehicle/Trailer Home Campground is defined as?
The sight for overnight or short-term parking. It has facilities avalable for sanitary drop, potable water, and service biuldings with bath and laundry facilities.
Mobile Home Court is defined as?
An area of ground upon which two or more mobile homes, occupied for dwelling are located.
Mobile Home Space is defined as?
A plot of ground within a mobile home court desighed to accomodate one moble home.
Service Building(s) is defined as?
A building housing toilet and bathing facilities for males and females with laundry or services that may be required.
Mobile Home Court Space limitations are primarily governed by?
Local Regulations
Sewage and Liquid Waste Drian pipes must be porvided at each site with what spec reqiurments?
connector be non-collapsable, flexable hose, 3 inches in diameter, and 4 to 5 feet in length
Mobile Home parks and RV camp ground must be inspected by medical personnel to identify?
Harborage areas or breeding sites for rodents and insect vectors.
Mobile Home parks and RV camp ground must be inspected how often.
Quartily
Mobile Home parks and RV camp ground inspection report is forwarded to who?
Commanding Officer
Mobile Home Manager
Personnel exposed to dry cleaning must receive this before starting work.
pre-employment physical
Personnel exposed to dry cleaning must receive pre-employment physical and one how offten after that?
On a schedule determined dy the medical officer.
Contaminated luandry from isolation rooms, surgical cases must be received in?
impervious, well sealed double bags labeled with the universal biohazard symbol or the word biohazard/ red in color the inner bag must be hot water soluble.
Recent studies have indicated that hyggienically safe laundry can be processed with warm water laundry formulations at temperatures of what?
120 to 140F
Recreation Vehicle is defined as?
A self-propelled and self-contained dwelling intended for temporary occupancy.
Trailer Home is defined as?
A vehicle drawn by an automobile or truck; intended for temporary occupancy. It may or may not be equipped with toilet and bath facilities.
Recreational Vehicle/Trailer Home Campground is defined as?
The sight for overnight or short-term parking. It has facilities avalable for sanitary drop, potable water, and service biuldings with bath and laundry facilities.
Mobile Home Court is defined as?
An area of ground upon which two or more mobile homes, occupied for dwelling are located.
Mobile Home Space is defined as?
A plot of ground within a mobile home court desighed to accomodate one moble home.
Personnel exspoed to sound presure levels must wear hearing protection when levels reach what dPA
84 dPA
a thermostatic control device must be installed to prevent saunas and steamrooms from exseeding what temps?
200F (93C) and 120F (49C)
Chapter 6 of the P-5010 provides information for
Safe and proper potable water handling procedures
for United States Naval Ships (USNS)
The responsiblity for the design, construction, and maintenance of the shipboard potable water systems, including treatment facilities and processes to assure that safe drinking water is available at all times.
The Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEASYSCOM) is responsible.
The responsiblity for promulgating instructions for ship-to-shore potable water connections and for providing potable water from an approved source when the ship is berthed at a naval facility.
The Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFACENGCOM)
Who is responsible for establishing and promulgating health standards for water quality afloat.
Chief, BUMED
who will promulgate appropriate instructions, notices, or other publications to reflect afloat water quality requirements.
BUMED
Who will set forth shipboard requirements for medical surveillance of potable water systems.
BUMED
Who is responsible for issuing the necessary implementing directives to ensure that adequate water sanitation standards are provided and enforced in each ship within the command.
Area, Fleet, and Subordinate Commanders
The engineering department of the ship is responsible to the commanding officer or master for implementing the requirements of ?
NAVSEASYSCOM
The engineering officer is responsible for?
The chloride and hydrogenion (pH) testing of the ship’s potable water.
The engineering department shall ensure minimum halogen residuals are maintained at a potable water tank before?
Before placing the tank on-line to the potable water distribution system.
The medical department representative (MDR) is responsible for conducting?
a medical surveillance program of the potable water system including collection of samples for coliform bacteria testing as prescribed and daily halogen residuals from the distribution system.
Avoid making water while operating in?
Harbors or from polluted seawater
Seawater shall be assumed polluted when?
Ships are operated in close formation
Source water in harbors or ship navigation lanes is likely to be contaminated by?
Fuel/oil slicks or other pollutant sources.
What are the four Potable Water Sources for Naval Ships?
(1) Distillation, RO, or other NAVSEAapproved water production technology.
(2) Shore-to-ship delivery from an approved source.
(3) Shore-to-ship delivery from an unapproved source
(4) Ship-to-ship.
Health concerns regarding potable water quality may include what parameters?
Physical, Chemical, and Bacteriological Parameters.
Use of seawater in food services spaces including sculleries is?
Prohibited and seawater outlets in these spaces must be removed.
Seawater use aboard ships is limited to?
Fire mains, decontamination, and for marine
sanitation devices (MSDs) flushing.
If unusual conditions require drastic restrictions in the use
of potable water, the allowances should not be less than?
2 gallons per man per day to be used for drinking and cooking purposes.
For new ship constructions, __ gallons per day per man is specified by NAVSEA for design considerations.
50
Definition of Vector.
The term vector refers to organisms, primarily arthropods and rodents, which play a significant role in the transmission of disease to man.
who bears the basic responsibility for the maintenance of an adequate vector and economic pest control program.
Commanders of all shore activities of the Department of the Navy.
theresponsibility for the maintenance of an adequate vector and economic pest control is normally delegated
to what department?
The medical and public works departments
Afloat who is assigned responsibility for maintaining
effective and safe shipboard pest control programs?
Commanders afloat.
Specifically, the medical department is responsible to the commanding officer for:
(1) Inspections and surveys
(2) Recommendations relating to sanitation standards
(3) Evaluation of the effectiveness of control measures.
(4) Inspections and recommendations to ensure that pesticides are used safely following current directives.
(5) Provide information on personal protective measures
Coordination with civilian and other governmental agencies
(7) Compliance with all appropriate public health quarantine measures.
(8) Reviewing and approving activity pest management plans.
Pesticides may be classified on the basis of use, life stage of the pest to be controlled what are they?
Acaricide.
Fungicide.
Herbicide.
Insecticide.
Rodenticide.
Molluscicide.
Classification of insecticides may be subdivided on the basis of the life stage against which they are used and they are?
Adulticide.
Larvicide.
Ovicide.
Pediculus humanus humanus is known as?
Body louse
Pediculus humanus capitusis known as?
Head louse
Hatching of the human louse eggs is greatly reduced or prevented by exposure to temperatures above what degree of (C) and (F)?
37.8 degrees C (100 degrees F)
Head and body lice are normally acquired by?
Personal contact, by wearing infested clothing, or by using contaminated objects such as combs and brushes.
The crab louse is primarily found where?
Upon hair in the pubic and anal regions.
Human louse control measures should be coordinated with who?
Medical officer
Preventive Measures. The following preventive measures, especially during crowded shipboard and tenting or refugee operations, should be taken:
(a) Avoid physical contact with louse-infested individuals and materials.
(b) Observe personal cleanliness
(c) Avoid overcrowding
(d) Instruct personnel
Individual Treatment Measures for Head and Crab Lice?
Insecticidal ointment and shampoos issued by the medical department.
For treatment of body lice infestations consist of?
wash all clothing and bedding in hot water and repeat in 7 to 10 days
Based upon their habitats, mites of medical importance may be classified into four groups:
(1) Nest Inhabiting Mites.
(2) Mites Parasitic on Birds and Rodents.
(3) Mites Parasitic on Man.
(4) Food-Infesting Mites.
The oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, is of great importance in the transmission of?
The plague bacillus
Brown or gray rat, comparatively large animal, weighing approximately 280-480 gm (10-17 oz), with a tail that does not exceed the combined length of head and body.
Norway Rat or Rattus Norvegicus
This rat prefers to burrow for
nesting and is mainly found in basements in drains and sewer lines, and in the holds and decks of ships.
Norway Rat or Rattus Norvegicus
Preferred foods include meat, fish, or flesh mixed with a diet of grains, vegetables, and fruit. In the absence of these, any foodstuffs may be eaten.
Norway Rat or Rattus Norvegicus
The Gray bellied rat is a good climber and may be found living in trees, vines, building lofts, overhead wiring, and upper decks of ships.
Alexandrian or Roof Rat
This rat's body is generally elongated, the ears are long
and the tail exceeds the combined length of the head and body.
Alexandrian or Roof Rat
These rats prefer seeds, cereals, vegetables, fruit and grass, but may subsist on leather goods, chocolate, and
even weaker members of its own kind.
Alexandrian or Roof Rat
This pest is commonly associated with man and may cause serious damage to foodstuffs?
and other valuable materials.
House mouse,
Mus musculus
Foreign quarantine regulations require that what be used by naval vessels when berthing in ports where plague is endemic to prevent introduction of rodents?
Rat guards
Rat guards should be a minimum of _____ in diameter and mounted at least ____ from the closest point to the shore or _____ from the ship.
36 inches in diameter
6 feet from shore
2 feet from the ship
These are the method of choice for rodent infestations control aboard ship.
Glue boards and snap traps
These certificates are required for naval vessels entering most foreign portsand requirements for this certification are detailed what BUMEDINST?
Deratization Certification
(ie.)A certificateof Deratization (rat-free) or a Deratization
Exemption Certificate
BUMEDINST 6250.14
Disinsection should always be accomplished on leaving ports and airports where?
Yellow fever, Malaria, or Plague is endemic.
In choosing a raw water source, consider the following factors:
Quantity
Quality
Accessibility
When consitering the Quality of a water soures what factors may aply
(1) Is the water free of significant contamination
(2) Is the water objectionable
(3) Is the water source protected
(4) Can the water be treated adequately
This is the most common field water purification system in use and will produce potable water from contaminated sources including fresh, brackish, or sea water.
ROWPU
This is a transportable quickresponse water purification system capable of aerating, clarifying, filtering and disinfecting contaminated water.
ERDLATOR
This process is used to disinfect water containers and distribution systems initially (before they are used) or when they have become contaminated.
Superchlorination
Iodine tablets which are completely yellow or brown or those which stick together or crumble easily are
No longer effective and must be discarded or surveyed.
Iodine tablets in good ondition should be what in appearance.
steel-gray
Add how many tablets to each canteen full of any type of water.
2
5 gallon container will take how many tablets of iodine
40
First GI can is for
collecting garbage
Second GI can is for
Prewash and will contain
a hot detergent solution and a brush.
Third GI can is for
Washing and will contain
a hot detergent solution and a brush.
Fourth GI can is for
Rinsing and will contain clean hot water held at a rolling boil
Fifth GI can is for
Final sanitizing rinse and
will contain clean hot water held at a rolling boil.
The MRE presently has a shelf life of
48 months.
The tray packs are hermetically-sealed half-size steam table containers in which up to how many servings of food maybe contained?
36
The tray pack are heated by immersion in boiling water for how long?
15 to 45 minutes.
Cat hole, device during short halts and dug to measure what?
It is dug 8 to 12 inches in diameter and 6 to 12 inches deep.
In temporary bivouacs (1 to 3 days), the straddle trench is used unless more permanent facilities are provided. It measures:
Trenches are built 1 foot wide, 2½ feet deep, and 4 feet long.
Location for latrines should be
100 feet from water source
100 yards from food service
50 feet from berthing
Straddle Trench Latrine serve ___ people and accommodate ___ people at one time.
25 and 2
Deep Pit Latrine is required
for every what number of people.
50
Burn-Barrel Latrine is desirable where the soil conditions are
hard, rocky or frozen making digging difficult and where water tables are high
Burn-Barrel Latrine consists of what mixture?
Mix 4 parts diesel fuel to one part gasoline.
These temporary latrines are indicated when higher ground water levels or rock formations prevent the digging of a deep pit.
Mound Latrines
The top of the Mound Latrines is at least how wide and how long.
6 feet wide and 12 feet long
These temporary latrines require specialized drilling equipment
Bored Hole Latrines
Bored Hole Latrines measures?
An 18 inch diameter hole is bored to a depth of 15 to 20 feet
Bored Hole Latrines accomidate what number of people?
Constructed on the basis of 8 per 100 people,
This temporary latrine is most effectively used in sandy soils.
Urine soakage pit
Urine soakage pit is dug to what measurements?
It is dug 4 feet square by 4 feet deep
A 10 foot long, “V” or “U” shaped latrine is made of sheet metal or wood and is called?
Urine Trough
These are painful and severe cramps of the voluntary muscles
Heat cramps
This occurs when there is
excessive pooling of the blood in the extremities
Heat Syncope
This results from peripheral vascular collapse due to excessive water and salt depletion
Heat exhaustion
Symptoms of this condition include profuse sweating, headache, weakness, pallor, nausea, vomiting, mild dyspnea, and palpitations.
Heat exhaustion
This condition result of the collapse of the thermal regulatory mechanism IS A MEDICAL EMERGENCY!
Heatstroke
Early symptoms may include dizziness, weakness, nausea, headache, confusion, disorientation, drowsiness and irrational behavior.
Heatstroke
The optimum temperature for drinking water is?
between 50 and 60 degrees F
WBGT stands for what?
Wet Bulb, Globe Temperature
What is the most effective means of assessing the effect of heat stress on the human body.
Wet Bulb, Globe Temperature (WBGT) Index
What flag is flown when the WBGT Index is <80.
A white flag is flown at this condition level.
What flag is flown when the WBGT Index is between 80 and 84.9?
A green flag is flown at this
condition level.
What flag is flown when the WBGT Index is between 85 and 87.9
A yellow (amber) flag is flown at this condition level.
What flag is flown when the WBGT Index is between 88 and 89.9
A red flag is flown at this condition level.
When the WBGT index is 90 or above what flag is flown?
A black flag is flown at this level.
Physical training and strenuous exercise must be suspended for all personnel when what flag is flown.
A black flag is flown
Strenuous exercise and activity must be curtailed for new and unacclimatized personnel in what flag condition?
A yellow
(amber) flag is flown
This is a serious condition which may occur in as little as 24 hours in environments where
the water temperature is below 50 degrees.
Immersion syndrome
This condition occurs from exposure to ambient or windchill temperature below freezing.
Frostbite