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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Divides the body into left and right halves?
Sagittal Plane
Divides the body into front and back portions?
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Divides the body into upper and lower parts?
Transverse Plane
Refers to a structure close to the head?
Superior
Refers to a structure close to the feet?
Inferior
Refers to a structure closer to the head when referring to structures on the trunk?
Cranial
Refers to a structure closer to the buttocks when referring to structures on the trunk?
Caudal
Pertains to a structure further away from the midline or center of the body?
Medial
Concerns a structure further toward the back of the body?
Posterior
Refers to a structure further to the front of the body?
Anterior
Movements of the body occur at?
The joints, where bones articulate or connect.
Bends or closes a joint (bringing bones closer together)?
Flexion
Brings limb medially towards body's midline ("adding" to the body)?
Adduction
Moves limb laterally away from midline ("abduct or carry away")?
Abduction
Turns towards the midline (internal rotation)?

•Shoulder & hip joints
Medial Rotation
Swings limb awy from midline (external rotation)?

•Shoulder & hip joints
Lateral Rotation
Turning to either side on transverse plane?

•ONLY AXIAL SKELETON - specifically head & vertebral column
Rotation
Combination of flexion-extension-adduction-abduction?

•ONLY at hip & shoulder joints (ball & sockets)
Circumduction
Bend head/neck or back to side on frontal plane?

•ONLY AXIAL SKELETON - specifically head & vertebral column
Lateral Flexion
Pivoting action of forearm?

•Radius & Ulna lie parallel - palm up
Supination
Pivoting action of forearm?

•Radius & Ulna lie parallel - palm down
•Can also happen at feet
Pronation
Thumb pad crosses palm towards last finger?

•ONLY at carpalmetacarpal joint of thumb
Opposition
Elevate foot's medial side/bring sole of foot medially?

•ONLY at feet
Inversion
Elevates foot's lateral side/bring sole of foot laterally?

•ONLY at feet
Eversion
Point foot into earth?

•Movement ONLY at ankle
Plantar flexion
Elevate distal end of foot, "let off gas pedal"?

•Movement ONLY at ankle
Dorsiflexion
Move structure anteriorly?

•Pertains to scapula-clavicle-head-jaw
Protraction
Move structure posteriorly?

•Pertains to scapula-clavicle-head-jaw
Retraction
Move structure superiorly?

•Refers to movement of Scapula or Jaw. (Ribs?)
Elevation
Move structure inferiorly?

•Refers to movement of Scapula or Jaw. (Ribs?)
Depression
Means to wander from usual course?

•Lateral deviation at mandible while talking or chewing
Deviation
Dorsiflexion of ankle
Eversion of foot.
Inversion of foot.
Plantar flexion of foot.
Extension of elbow.
Flexion of elbow.
Abduction of fingers.
Adduction of fingers.
Extension of fingers.
Flexion of fingers.
Pronation of the forearm.
Supination of the forearm.
Abduction of the hip.
Adduction of the hip.
Extension of the hip.
Flexion of the hip.
Lateral rotation of the hip.
Medial rotation of the hip.
Depression of the mandible.
Elevation of the mandible.
Lateral deviation of the mandible.
Extension of the neck.
Flexion of the neck.
Lateral flexion of the neck.
Rotation of the neck.
Protraction of the mandible.
Retraction of the mandible.
Anterior tilt of the pelvis.
(downward rotation)
Lateral tilt of the pelvis.
(elevation)
Posterior tilt of the pelvis.
(upward rotation)
Depression (collapse) of the ribs.
(exhalation)
Elevation (expansion) of the ribs.
(INHALATION)
Abduction of the scapula.
Adduction of the scapula.
Depression of the scapula.
Elevation of the scapula.
Upward rotation of left scapula.

Downward rotation of right scapula.
Abduction of shoulders.
Adduction of the shoulders.
(on right) Flexion of shoulder.

(on left) Extension of shoulder.
Horizontal abduction of shoulder.
Horizontal adduction of shoulder.
Lateral rotation of the shoulder.
Medial rotation of the shoulder.
Extension of the spine.
Flexion of the spine.
Lateral flexion of the spine.
Rotation of the spine.
Abduction of the thumb.
Adduction of the thumb.
Extension of the thumb.
Flexion of the thumb.
Opposition of the thumb.
Extension of the toes.
Flexion of the toes.
Abduction of the wrist.
Adduction of the wrist.
Extension of the wrist.
Flexion of the wrist.