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45 Cards in this Set

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True or False: Verbs must agree with the subject in gender.
False! Verbs have no gender!
What is an infinitive?
The verb before it is conjugated; the dictionary definition of the verb; to ___
What is verb conjugation?
Conjugation is establishing subject/verb agreement; changing the spelling of the verb to match the subject.
What makes a verb "regular"?
It follows a regular suffix-exchange pattern; endings are removed from the stem, then new endings are added.
What are the three classifications of regular verbs?
-ar endings, -er endings, -ir endings
What is the 1st person singular regular verb conjugation ending?
-o
What is the 2nd person plural regular -ar verb conjugation ending?
-amos
What does Nosotros mean in English?
We
What is the Spanish word for "I" ?
Yo
What is the Spanish word for "they" ?
ellos or ellas
What does the word "ella" mean in English?
she
What does "hablo" mean?
I speak
What does "hablamos" mean?
We speak
What does "hablas" mean?
you speak
What does "canto" mean?
I sing
What does "cantas" mean?
you sing
What does "cantamos" mean?
We sing
How do you say "I don't eat" in Spanish?
no como
How do you say "we eat" in Spanish?
comemos
What does "aprendes" mean?
you learn
What is the 3rd person singular ending for regular
-er and -ir verbs?
-e
What is the 1st person plural ending for regular -ir verbs?
-imos
What makes a verb "irregular" ?
It doesn't follow a regular suffix exchange pattern; it must be memorized.
Which "to be" verb is used for permanent characteristics?
ser
Which "to be" verb is used for location?
estar
What does "vamos" mean?
we go or let's go
What does "tengo" mean?
I have
How do you say "they have" in Spanish?
tienen
What is a verb "stem" ?
The stem is the part of the verb remaining after the ending suffix is removed.
Which forms of the verb do not have a spelling change when conjugating stem-changers?
nosotros and vosotros
(1st & 2nd person plural)
Querer, cerrar, pensar, and preferir are all what kind of stem-changers?
e --> ie
Dormir, costar, contar, and poder are all what kind of stem-changers?
o --> ue
Pedir and repetir are both what kind of stem-changers?
e --> i
What type of stem-change does the verb "jugar" have?
u --> ue
What does "me gusta" mean?
I like
What does "te gusta" mean?
you like
What does "nos gusta" mean?
we like
What letter is added to the end of gusta and encanta when the object liked is plural?
n
What is the irregular "yo" form of "dar" ?
doy (I give)
What is the irregular "yo" form of "poner" ?
pongo (I put, I set)
What is the irregular "yo" form of "hacer" ?
hago (I make, I do)
What is the irregular "yo" form of "saber" ?
se (I know)
What is the irregular "yo" form of "ver" ?
veo (I see, I watch)
What is the irregular "yo" form of "salir" ?
salgo (I leave, I go out)
What does "vengo" mean?
I come