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77 Cards in this Set

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monkey fist
knot at the end of a heaving line to provide weight
breast lines
run at right angles to the keel and control the distance of the ship from the pier
bight
a loop of line or chain
bitter end
free end of a length of line, wire, chain, or cable
eye
closed loop in the end of a line
marlinspike
tapered steel tool used in splicing wire
fid
tapered wood tool used in splicing lines
coil
lay down a line in circular turns on top of one another
flemish
coil a line flat on deck
fake down
lay out a line in long, flat bights
heaving line
light weighted line thrown across to a ship or pier when coming alongside to act as a messenger for a mooring line
rat-tailed stopper
line designed to take the strain of a working line while shifting the working line about bitts or cleats
mousing
light line across a hook to prevent a sling from slipping off of it or a pin from backing out
shot line
light nylon line used in a line-throwing gun
bolo
nylon line with a lead weight in canvas or leather, thrown from ship to ship or from a ship to a pier
aft spring lines
tend aft from the ship to the pier and control the ship's forward movement
small stuff
line or rope less that 1 3/4 inches in circumference
forward spring lines
tend forward from the ship to the pier and control the ship's aft movement
cleat
device consisting of a double-ended pair of projecting horns used for securing a line or wire
bitts
heavy vertical cylinders usually arranged in pairs and used for making fast lines that have been led through chocks
chock
heavy fitting with smooth surfaces through which mooring lines are held
open chock
open at the top
closed chock
closed by an arch of metal across the top
roller chock
contains a roller for reducing friction
bollard
strong cylindrical upright on a pier, around which the eye or bight of a ship's mooring line is placed
capstans
separate vertical machinery units or part of the anchor windlass around which lines are passed, commonly used in mooring and achoring evolutions
chafing gear
canvas or other material placed around mooring lines to prevent wear
fenders
material designed to absorb the shock of contact between a ship and pier or between ships
camel
a float used as a fender between two ships or a ship and a pier
rat guards
shields secured around mooring lines immediately after mooring, to prevent rats from coming aboard ships
dip the eye
if two bights or eye splices are to be placed over the same bollard, the second one must be led up and through the eye of the first and then placed over the bollard which makes it possible for either to be cast off independently
padeye
a plate with an "eye" attached, welded to the deck to distribute the strain over a large area and to which a block can be hooked or shackled, also used in towing operations
lifelines
lines erected around the edges of decks
Top: lifeline
Middle: housing line
Bottom: foot rope
Snaking: netting stretched between the deck and the housing line or foot rope to prevent personnel and objects form being washed overboard
leadline
marked line used to determine water depth in fathoms
boatswain's chair
used for sending one person over the side
jacob's ladder
flexible, portable ladder with ropes and rungs slung over the side for temporary use. commonly used for access to small boats secured to boat booms
boat boom
a spar swung out from a ship's side permitting small boats to ride safely alongside a ship while at anchor
pilot's ladder
flexible, portable ladder usually constructed of metal, sturdier than a Jacob's ladder
sea ladder
rigid, portable ladder may be mounted and secured to the side
accomodation ladder
rigid, inclined ladder rigged to the side of the ship to provide a convenient means for boarding or leaving an anchored or moored ship
marline
two strand, tarred hemp small stuff for serving a line
houseline
three strand, left laid tarred hemp for light seizings, light rigging, and work exposed to weather
seizing stuff
not much larger than fishing line-it is used for fancier jobs than marline can accomplish
ratline stuff
dark brown and coarse, it is primarily used for snaking-nettings to prevent personnel from washing overboard
hawser
heavy line over 5 inches in circumference used for towing or mooring
William
vital sea suction valves that are kept open during all conditions of readiness
Circle william
normally kept open, but must be secured against Chemical, Biological, Radiological (CBR) attack
bilge keel
long, narrow fins fitted to both sides of the hull at the turn of the bilge to lessen rolling
Ballast
weight added to the lower part of the ship to keep her in balance
bulwark
vertical extensions above the deck edge of the shell plating, high enough to prevent personnel and equipment from going overboard
draft
vertical distance from the waterline to the keel, the minimum depth of water needed for the ship to float
Hull
the main body of the ship
shell plating
the sides of the hull
main deck
the uppermost deck that runs continuously from bow to stern
bilge
intersection of side plating and bottom plating
keel
the "backbone" of the ship. Usually similar to an I-beam that runs the length of the ship
Frames
are fastened to the keel and run athwartships, supporting the watertight skin. Divide ships into vertical rows of compartments
decks
"Floors" aboard ships. Divide ships into horizontal tiers or layers of compartments
levels
similar to decks, located above the main deck
weather deck
the portion of the main deck and the upper levels exposed to the weather (topside)
bulkhead
"walls" aboard ship
overhead "ceilings" aboard ships
"ceilings" aboard ships
compartment
"rooms" aboard ship. They are bounded by overheads, bulkheads, and decks.
X-Ray
least protective condition, allows for easy passage between compartments, set during workday and in well protected anchorages
Yoke
more protection than X-Ray, set and maintained at sea and in port after working hours
Zebra
highest degree of damage control readiness, set entering and leaving port during wartime, or during general quarters
Circle X-Ray
closed during Xray, yoke, zebra, may be opened without special permission but must be reset immediately
Circle yoke
closed during Yoke and Zebra, may be opened without special permission to get to battle stations, but must be closed after use
Circle Zebra
fittings may be opened without permission for short periods of time, but must be closed when not in use
Dog Zebra
fittings secured during Zebra, also separately during darken ship conditions
freeboard
vertical distance from the waterline to the main deck
lifelines
light wire ropes supported by stanchions, they serve the same puropse as bulwarks
propeller guards
steel braces protruding from the hull directly above the propellors. they prevent the propellors from striking the dock, pier, or other ship
stem
the point of the hull at the bow
stern
the area on the aft end of the ship where both sides meet
trim
the relationship between fore and aft draft
list
the athwartship balance of the ship. a ship may have a port list or a starboard list.