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11 Cards in this Set

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What is molecular diffusion?
One of the main modes of transport within cells, in which materials move from a region of higher concentration to one of lower concentration.
What is a cell?
It is the building block of a living things
What are organelles?
compartments of highly organized groups of molecules that perform specific function for maintaining life processes in the cell.
The nucleus is the.........
control center
What are the two basic types of cells?
prokaryotes (no nucleus)
eukaryotes (with nucleus)
What is a cell wall?
This is a permeable yet rigid structure surrounds all prokaryotes and eukaryotes except animal cells, and it lies just beyond the plasma membrane
What is the cell wall made of?
Mainly of cellulose a complex carbohydrate, arranged in multiple layers.
Name the structures of a Prokaryotic cell.
Capsules
Flagella
Pili
DNA loops
Name the structures of a Eukaryotic cell
Nucleus
RER
SER
Golgi apparatus
Lysomes
Vacuoles
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts (plant cells only)
Name the parts of a chloroplast
Chromosomes
ribosomes
double membrane
stroma
thylakoid membrane system
grana
Chlorophyll
What is chlorophyll?
A green,light-absorbent pigment found with chloroplasts. It captures photons of light from the sun and them combines this energy with carbon dioxide and water to produce ATP and sugar.