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25 Cards in this Set

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Freud's Stages are psychosexual while Erik Erikson's stages are
psychosocial
In Feudian therory instincts are emphasized. Erikson is an ego psychologist. Ego psychologists
believe in man's power of reasoning to control behavior
The olnly psychoanalyst who created a developmental therory which encompases the entire life span was
Erik Erikson
The statement, "the ego is dependent on the id," would most likely reflect the work of
Sigmund Freud
Jean Piaget's therory has four stages. Th correct order from stage one to stage four is
sensorimotor
preoperations
concrete operations
formal operations
Some behavioral scientists have been critical of Piaget's developmental research inasmuch as
His findings were often derived from observing his own children
A tall skinny pitcher of water is emptied into a small squatty pitcher. A child indicates that she feels the small pitcher has less water. The child has not yet mastered
Conservation
In Piagetian literature, conservation would most likely refer to
Volume or mass
A child masters conservation in the Piagetian stage known as
Concrete operations - ages 7 to 11
______ expanded on Piaget's conseptualization or moral development
Lawrence Kohlberg
Acording to Piaget, a child masters the concept of reversibility in the third stage, know as concrete operations or concrete operational thought. This notion suggests
one can undo an action, hence an object can return to its initial shape
During a thunderstorm, a 6-year-old child in Piaget's stage of preoperational thought (stage 2) says, "The rain is following me." This is an example of
Egocentrism
Lawrence Kohlberge suggested
three levels of morality
The Heinz story is to Kohlberg's theory as
a typing test is to the level of typing skill mastered
The term "identity crisis" comes from the work of
Erikson
Kohlberg's three levels of morality are
preconventional
conventional
postconventional
Trust versus mistrust is
Erik Erikson's first stage of psychosocial development
A person who has successfully mastered Erikson's first sven stages would be ready to enter Erikson's final or eighth stage
integrity versus despair
In Kohlberg's fist or preconventional level, the individual's moral behavior is guided by
consequences
Kohlberg's second level of morality is known a conventional morality. This level is characterized by
A disire to live up to society's expectations and a desire to conform
Kohlberg's highest level of morality is termed post-conventional morality. Here the individual
has self-imposed morals and ethics
According to Kohlberg, level three, which is postconventional or self-accepted moral principles
is the highest level of morality. However, some people never reach this level
Both Piaget and Kohlberg
believed in sequential development, which moves from a lower stage to a higher stage
Freud and Erikson
a could be classified as behaviorists

b could be classified as maturationists

c agreed that developmental stages are psychosexual

d were prime movers in the biofeedback movment
b could be classified as maturationists
John Bowlby's name is most closely associated with

a morality

b developmental stage theories

c bonding and attachment

d the unconscious mind
c bonding and attachment