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23 Cards in this Set

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Involvement of only restricted part of the brain - may become secondarily generalized NAME SEIZURE
PARTIAL SEIZURE
Consciousness is preserved NAME SEIZURE
SIMPLE PARTIAL SEIZURE
Consciousness is impaired, usually most difficult to control, most common location is temporal lobe - NAME SEIZURE
COMPLEX PARTIAL SEIZURE
Diffuse involvement of brain at onset - NAME SEIZURE
GENERALIZED SEIZURE
Consiousness is impaired briefly, patient is often unaware of attacks - NAME SEIZURE
PETIT MAL (ABSENCE) SEIZURES
Seizure where patient experiences loss of consciousness with rigidity and arrest of respiration and jerking occurs is called
GRAND MAL SEIZURES (tonic-clonic)
Repeated seizures without recovery between them - a fixed and enduring epileptic condition that lasts at least 30 minutes is called _
Status epilepticus
Which anti epileptic has broad range of action
VALPROIC ACID
Which drug is useful in patients with hepatic or renal insufficiency due to lack of interactions
LEVITERACETAM
Name drug that inhibits sodium currents via non-NMDA receptors
TOPIRAMATE
Name drug that inhibits calciumvcurrents via NMDA receptors (glutamic acid antagonism)
FELBAMATE
Name drugs which inhibit low threshold T type voltage gated Ca channels
Ethosuximide

Valproic acid
Name drug that is enhancing GABA inhibition by irreversibly inhibiting GABA transaminase (the major enzyme catalizing GABA in the brain
VIGABATRIL
Name two DOC for simple focal seizure
Phenytoin

Carbamazepine
Name DOC for complex focal seizure
Phenytoin

Carbamazepine

Valproate
DOC for grand mal generalized seizures
Phenytoin
Carbamazepine
Valproate
DOC for absence petit mal seizure
ETHOSUXIMIDE

Valproate

Lamotrigine
DOC for myoclonic seizures
Valproate

Lamotrigine
Drug of choice for febrile seizures in children
Phenobarbital
Drug for prevention of febrile seizures in children
Diazepam
Drugs used for seizure treatment in patients with status epilepticus
IV Phenytoin

IV Lorazepam

IV Fosphenytoin sodium
Gabapentin and vigabatrin are excreted primarily _
Unchanged in urine
_ is eliminated almost entirely by glucocuronide conjugation
Lamotrigine