Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/46

Click to flip

46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is it called when a dog "indicates" the location of a narcotic by scratching or biting.
Aggressive Alerts
what is it called when a dog falsely indicates that a narcotics scent is present.
False Alerts
What is it called when a dog indicates the location by just passively sitting or lying near the scent odor source.
Passive Alerts
what is it called when a dog indicates a "find" but there is no visible evidence of a narcotic but it is believed that the particular narcotic was at the indicated (by the dog)"find" location.
Residual Alerts
What is the starting point of a search. The handler starts at and returns to the predesignated point.
Anchor Point
What is a "prospect" dog that has successfully completed about two weeks of constant evaluation and preliminary training, prior to the dog being accepted for the full training as a Narcotic Detection Dog.
Candidate
this is a test set up to show the proficiency that is typically based up nationally recognized standards.
Certification
when the primary scent for which the dog is searching is contaminated with another non-desirous scent odor. The contaminating scent would usually be a much stronger scent.
Contamination
when the dog is directed by the handler to search a specifically designated place. For example, the door seams of a vehicle.
Detailing
a narcotic or chemical that the dog is trained to search for and upon, detection, appropriately indicate.
Drug
when a dog locates the narcotic for which he has been trained to search.
Find
a "find" hidden above the dog's eye level.
High Find
a "find" hidden below the dog's eye level.
Low Find
pronounced as gif-tee. The object that is used to reward the dog for performing as desired.
Gifte
a gifte that is purposefully filled or scented with a specific narcotic and thus emanates a specific scent indigenous to that narcotic's odor.
Loaded Gifte
a gifte that has been scented with a narcotic.
Permeated Gifte
a gifte that has not been scented with a narcotic.
Uncontaminated Gifte
this will be the generic term used to describe the person both handling and training the dog.
Handler
the alerting action the dog performs when he finds the narcotic and then indicates the location of the narcotic, two forms of indication, both methods have inherent advantages and both disadvantages.
Indication
a high energy excitable action by the dog like scratching or biting.
Aggressive Indication
a low energy excitable action by the dog like sitting or lying down.
Passive Indication
a generic term used to indicate that a training aid has been filled or "loaded" with the narcotic.
Loaded
an illicit drug
Narcotic
a dog trained for narcotic detection
Narcotic detection dog
National Narcotic Detector Dog Association Inc.
N.N.D.D.A
the smell emanating from a specific narcotic scent.
Odor
A situation where very strong odors may have "permeated" the surrounding area or have been absorbed by materials within a very close proximity of the narcotic.
Permeation
the object of the dog's hunt or search that builds upon the dog's natural tendency to hunt for prey to be used as food.
Prey
a chemical that has been manufactured by man to produce a scent odor like a specific narcotic.
Pseudo Drug
a dog that is kept on a trial basis for preliminary training.
Prospect
the action by the handler of praising and motivating the dog to act as specifically desired.
Reward
a motivational reward that occurs immediately as a result of the dog appropriately indication the "find." The reward, typically the gifte, comes from the "find" location (vs. the handler).
Primary Rewards
a reward that comes from the handler (vs. the primary reward)
Secondary Rewards
the process where the handler visually inspects the area to be searched for the narcotics for safety concerns, environmental distraction or other impediments.
Pre Check
testing a dog to validate that it is performing as desired.
Proofing
when the dog's olfactory senses are overwhelmed by intense scent odor or chemical, to the point of rendering the dog incapable of effectively performing the task of detecting narcotics, for a given period of time.
Saturation
the active process of consciously looking for a narcotic.
Search
when the handler directs the dog to search a specific area or direction.
Directional Search
when a search pattern is immediately repeated from the reverse direction.
Reverse Pattern Search
a theoretical small narrow area or "zone," alongside a wall or vehicle or other object that is being searched, where a dog can easily smell any scent odors that may be emanating from the object being searched.
Search Zone
the characteristic smell of a specific narcotic for which the dog is searching.
Scent
the pattern created by the scent's odor emanating from the narcotic and may be guided by the prevailing air currents, for which the dog is searching. The scent odor starts at a specific point (the narcotic) and then spreads out to cover a larger area, in what may be considered a cone shaped pattern.
Scent Cone
when the leashed dog is allowed to work toward the scent cone on its own.
Sweep
this will be a generic term used to describe the handler/trainer and his dog.
Team
toys that are used to help reward, motivate and train a dog.
Training Aids
United States Police Canine Association, Inc.
U.S.P.C.A