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26 Cards in this Set

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Flute
The flute is known by its clean, pure sound. A musician who plays the flute is generally called a flautist, flutist, or flute player.
Piccolo
Fingerings on the piccolo are the same as the flute, but sounds an octave higher. The player can also roll the end joint in or out to adjust the pitch.
Piccolo Clarinet
It is smaller and higher pitched than the more familiar soprano clarinets. They appear frequently in Europeans wind bands, particularly in Spain and Italy.
Soprano Clarinet
The soprano clarinet is the most common types of clarinet and are often referred to as simply "clarinets". The most common type of clarinet is the B♭ clarinet.
Bass Clarinet
The Bass Clarinet is another member of the clarinet family. It is like the Bb clarinet but an octave lower.
Contrabass Clarinet
The contrabass clarinet is the largest member of the clarinet family.The contrabass clarinet is also sometimes known by the name pedal clarinet because of its very low tones and the pedal tones of the trombone or the pedal department of the organ.
Soprano Saxophone
The soprano saxophone is the second smallest in the sax family. Soprano saxophones are usually straight, but sometimes have slightly or fully curved necks and bells.
Alto Saxophone
The alto is the third smallest of the saxophone family. The alto is the most common size of saxophone and is also the size most composers write for in classical music. Of the people who learn to play saxophone most people begin on alto.
Tenor Saxophone
The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family. The tenor saxophone known because of its use in jazz music.
Baritone Saxophone
This instrument is often called the "bari sax". It is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. It weighs about 13-14 pounds, which makes it difficult to use in marching bands.
Bassoon
A bassoon player is called a "bassoonist." It is one of the most difficult instruments to learn. The bassoon is part of the orchestral, concert band, and chamber music literature.
Oboe
A musician who plays the oboe is called an oboist. Along with the French Horn and the bassoon, the oboe is often considered the most difficult instrument to play.
Euphonium
The euphonium is a valved instrument. A person who plays euphonium is sometimes called an euphoniumist or an euphonist. The instrument is called sometimes a eupho or euph.
Flugelhorn
It is a type of trumpet but is wider. The original German spelling of Flügelhorn translates into English as wing horn. Its main areas of use are in jazz and in the brass band and is occasionally used in orchestral writing.
French horn
It is made up of tubing wrapped into a curved form with finger-operated valves to help control the pitch but it did not originally did not have valves to control the pitch. Most musicians usually refer to it simply as the horn. The instrument was first developed in England as a hunting horn. The French refer to the instrument as the horn of harmony, the Germans call it the hunting horn, and the English and Americans call it the French horn.
Trombone
The word trombone comes from the Italian word tromba, which means "large trumpet". A person who plays the trombone is referred to as a trombonist.
Trumpet
The trumpet is the highest brass instrument in register.
A musician who plays the trumpet is called a trumpet player or trumpeter.
Tuba
The tuba is one of the largest of low-brass instruments and is one of the most recent additions to todays orchestra.
Bass Drum
It is a large drum that makes a low pitch.
The type usually seen or heard in orchestra or concert band music is the concert bass drum.
Bongo Drums
It is made up of two small drums attached to each other.
The drums are of different size: the larger drum is called a hembra and the smaller drum is called a macho. Someone who plays the bongos is called a bongocero.
Snare Drum
It is a drum made of wood or metal with skins or heads stretched over the top and bottom openings and with a set of snares (cords) stretched across the bottom head.
When the top is struck it causes an increase in pressure in the instrument and the snares vibrate against the bottom head.
Tambourine
It is made up of a wooden or plastic frame with pairs of small metal jingles.
The tambourine can be held in the hand or mounted on a stand, and can be played many different ways.
A player can shake the jingles or strike it with their hand or stick or using the tambourine on the leg or hip.
Chimes
It is an arrangement of large bells put on a tower and played like a keyboard.
Cymbals
It is made of thin round plates of different cymbal alloys. Cymbals are used in modern orchestras and many military, marching, concert and other bands.
Timpani
A type of drum that is made of a skin called a head stretched over a large bowl made of copper. A musician who plays the timpani is known as a timpanist.
Xylophone
Each bar is tuned to a specific pitch of the musical scale.