Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nails turn variety of colors; may indicate systemic disorder
Blue nails (discolored nails)
Dark purplish spots; usually due to injury
Bruised nails
Wavy ridges caused by uneven nail growth; usually esult of illness or injury
Noticeably thin white nail plate that is more flexible than normal; may be caused by diet, illness, or medication
Eggshell nails
Depressions in the nail that run either lenthwise or across the nail; result from illness or injury, stress, or pregnancy
The cuticle splits around the nail
Hangnail (Agnail)
Redness, pain, swelling, or pus; refer to physician
Infected finger
Whitish discoloration of the nails; usually caused by injury to the base of the nail
Leukonychia (white spots)
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails
Atrophy or wasting away of the nail; caused by injury or disease
Overgrowth in thickness of the nail; caused by local infection, internal imbalance, or may be hereditary
Onychauxis (hypertrophy)
Bitten nails
Abnormal brittleness with striation (lines) of the nail plate
Folded nails
Plicatured nail
Forward growth of the cuticle
Increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate
Tile-shaped nails
Edges of the nail plate curl around the form the shape of a trumpet or cone around the free edge
Trumpet nails (pincer nails)
Inflammation of the matrix with pus and shedding of the nail
Ingrown nails
Thickening and increased curvature of the nail
Loosening of the nail without shedding
Serparation and falling off of a nail from the nail bed
Growth of horny ephithelium in the nail bed
Periodic shedding of one or more nails
Bacterial inflammation of the tissues around the nail; pus, thickening, and brownish discoloration of the nail plate
Paronychia (felon)
Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate
Pyogenic granuloma
Reddened patches of small blisters; slight or severe itching
Tinea (ringworm)
Depp, itchy, colorless blisters
Tinea pedis (ringworm of the foot or athlete's foot)
Whitish patches on the nail that can be scraped off or long yellowish streaks within the nail substance
Tinea unguium (onychomycosis or ringworm of the nails)