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29 Cards in this Set

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Nails turn variety of colors; may indicate systemic disorder
Blue nails (discolored nails)
Dark purplish spots; usually due to injury
Bruised nails
Wavy ridges caused by uneven nail growth; usually esult of illness or injury
Corrugations
Noticeably thin white nail plate that is more flexible than normal; may be caused by diet, illness, or medication
Eggshell nails
Depressions in the nail that run either lenthwise or across the nail; result from illness or injury, stress, or pregnancy
Furows
The cuticle splits around the nail
Hangnail (Agnail)
Redness, pain, swelling, or pus; refer to physician
Infected finger
Whitish discoloration of the nails; usually caused by injury to the base of the nail
Leukonychia (white spots)
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails
Melanonychia
Atrophy or wasting away of the nail; caused by injury or disease
Onychatrophia
Overgrowth in thickness of the nail; caused by local infection, internal imbalance, or may be hereditary
Onychauxis (hypertrophy)
Bitten nails
Onychophagy
Abnormal brittleness with striation (lines) of the nail plate
Onychorrhexis
Folded nails
Plicatured nail
Forward growth of the cuticle
Pterygium
Increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate
Tile-shaped nails
Edges of the nail plate curl around the form the shape of a trumpet or cone around the free edge
Trumpet nails (pincer nails)
Inflammation of the matrix with pus and shedding of the nail
Onychia
Ingrown nails
Onychocryptosis
Thickening and increased curvature of the nail
Onychogryposis
Loosening of the nail without shedding
Onycholysis
Serparation and falling off of a nail from the nail bed
Onychomadesis
Growth of horny ephithelium in the nail bed
Onychophosis
Periodic shedding of one or more nails
Onychoptosis
Bacterial inflammation of the tissues around the nail; pus, thickening, and brownish discoloration of the nail plate
Paronychia (felon)
Severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows up from the nail bed to the nail plate
Pyogenic granuloma
Reddened patches of small blisters; slight or severe itching
Tinea (ringworm)
Depp, itchy, colorless blisters
Tinea pedis (ringworm of the foot or athlete's foot)
Whitish patches on the nail that can be scraped off or long yellowish streaks within the nail substance
Tinea unguium (onychomycosis or ringworm of the nails)