Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who controlled the Sinai peninsula after the Six Day War?
Israel
Name a sandless desert.
Antarctica
How big is the Sahara Desert?
It is approximately 3.5 million square miles or as big as the continental United States.
What is a "taproot"?
Taproots are the roots on desert plants that grow so deep that they can tap sources of underground water.
What is the Dead Sea?
The Dead Sea is a 50-mile long by 11-mile wide salt lake.
How many Arabs live throughout the world?
More than 200 million.
What is a Bedouin?
A bedouin is a nomad who inhabits the Middle East and North Africa.
What percentage of the world's oil supply comes from this region?
More than 40 percent of the world's oil reserves are from this region.
What does OPEC stand for?
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Where do most Kurds live?
Most Kurds live in the mountains between Iran, Iraq,Syria, and Turkey.
Name two ways different nations of this region have used money from oil sales.
1. to modernize their countries
2. to buy weapons and build armies
How much of this region is made up of desert?
Nearly 2/3 of this region.
What two water forms does the Suez Canal connect?
It connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.
Why was Egypt forced to sell the Suez Canal to Great Britian?
Because Egypt went into debt when they paid France to build the canal.
In what year did the Suez Canal close for 8 years?
1967
What is a desert?
A desert is land that receives less than 10 inches of rain per year.
In what year did the Suez Canal reopen?
1975
What country was hired by Egypt to build the Suez Canal?
France
Why were British soldiers originally sent to Egypt?
They were sent to protect the Suez Canal.
Who believed the Suez Canal belonged to the Egyptians and declared it the property of Egypt?
Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser
In what year did the United Nations order Britian, France, and Isreal to leave Egypt and return to them the Suez Canal?
1956
What countries invaded Egypt when Nasser took back the Suez Canal?
Britain, France, and Isreal
What is an isthmus?
An isthmus is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger pieces of land.
Why is the Suez Canal often called "the crossroads of Europe"?
Because the route is used to transport goods to and from all three continents.
When was OPEC formed?
1960
When do oil experts believe that oil supplies will be used up?
By 2050
What is OPEC's purpose?
OPEC's purpose is to regulate prices and production of oil.
Name three areas where Arabs made great advances to civilization.
1. mathematics ( ex:Arabic numerals)
2. medicine
3. physical science
How did the language and culture of Arabic spread throughout this region?
The langugae and culture of Arabic spread as more and more people converted to the Islamic religion.
Who are the Berbers?
The Berbers are a minority group in Morocco and Algeria who lived in North Africa before the arrival of the Arabs.
Name two cultural characteristics that people of the Middle East and North Africa have in common.
1. Most of the people speak Arabic.

2. Most of the people practice Islam.