• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/90

Click to flip

90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Apical-radial pulse
taking the apical and radial pulses at the same time
blood pressure (BP)
the amount of force exerted against the walls of an artery by the blood
body temperature
the amount of heat in the body that is a blance between the amount of heat produced and the amount lost by the body
bradycardia
a slow heart rate; less than 60 beats per minute
diastole
the period of heart muscle relaxation; the heart is at rest
diastolic pressure
the pressure in the arteries when the heart rate is at rest
fever
elevated body temperature
hypertension
when the systolic pressure is 140 mm Hg or higher (hyper), or the diastolic pressure is 90 mm Hg or highter
pulse
the beat of the heart felt at an artery as a wave of blood passes through the artery
pulse deficit
the difference between the apical and radial pulse rates
pulse rate
the number of heartbeats or pulses felt in one minute
respiration
breathing air into and out of the lungs
sphygmomanometer
a cuff and measuring device used to measure blood pressure
stethoscope
an instrument used ot listen to sounds produced by the heart, lungs, and other body organs
systole
the period of heart muscle contraction; the heart is pumping blood
systolic pressure
the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts
tachycardia
a rapid heart rate; more than 100 beats per minute
thermometer
a device used to measure temperature
vital signs
temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure; and pain in some agencies
hypotension
when the systolic pressure is below 90mm Hg, or the diastolic pressure is below 60 mm Hg
pulse
the beat of the heart felt at an artery as a wave of blood passes through the artery
DUS
Doppler ulatrasound stethoscope
Hg
Mercury
mm Hg
Millimeters of mercury
abduction
moving a body part away from the mid-line of the body
adduction
moving a body part toward the mid-line of the body
ambulation
the act of walking
atrophy
the decrease in size or the wasting away of tissue
contracture
the lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of the muscle
deconditioning
the loss of muscle strength from inactivity
dorsiflexion
bending the toes and foot up at the ankle
extension
straightening a body part
external rotation
turning the joint outward
flexion
bending a body part
foot drop
the foot falls down at the ankle; permanent plantar flexion
hyperextension
excessive straightening of a body part
internal rotation
turning the joint inward
orthostatic hypotension
abnormally low blood pressure when the person suddenly stands up; postural hypotension
pronation
turnign the joint downward
range of motion ROM
the movement of a joint to the extent possible without causing pain
rotation
turning the joint
supination
turning the joint upward
syncope
a brief loss of consciousness; fainting
acetone/ketone/ketone body
a substance that appears in urine from the rapid breakdown of fat for energy
glucosuria/glycosuria
sugar in the urine
hematoma
a swelling that contains blood
hematuria
blood in the urine
hemoptysis
bloody sputum(spit)
melena
black, tarry stool
sputum
mucus from the respiratory system that is expectorated (expelled) through the mouth
catheter
a tube used to drain or inject fluid through a body opening
catheterization
the process of inserting a catheter
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
foley/indwelling/retention catheter
a catheter left in the bladder so urine drains constantly into a drainage bag
functional incontinence
the person has bladder control but cannot use the toilet in time
hematuria
blood in the urine
micturition/urination/voiding
the process of emptying urine from the bladder
mixed incontinence
the comination of stress incontinence and urge incontinence
nocturia
frequent urination at night
oliguria
scnat amout of urine; less than 500 ml in 24 hours
overflow incontinence
small amounts of urine leak from a full bladder
polyuria
abnormally large amounts of urine
reflex incontinence
urine is lost at predictable intervals when the bladder is full
straight catheter
a cathetr that drains the bladder and then is removed
stress incontinence
when urine leaks during exercise and certain movements that cause pressure on the bladder
transient incontinence
temporary or occasional incontinence that is reversed when the cause is treated
functional incontinence
the person has bladder control but cannot use the toilet in time
urge incontinence
the loss of urine in response to a sudden, urgent need to void; the person cannot make it to the toilet in time
urinary frequence
voiding at frequent intervals
urinary urgency
the need to void at once
urinary incontinence
the involuntary loss or leakage of urine
urinary retention
the inability to void
colostomy
a sugically created opening between the colon and abdominal wall
constipation
the passage or hard dry stool
defecation
the process of excreting feces from the rectum through the anus; bowel movement
dehydration
the excessive loss of water from tissues
diarrhea
the frequent passage of liquid stools
enema
the introduction of fluid into the rectum and lower colon
fecal impaction
the prolonged retention and buildup of feces in the rectum
fecal incontinence
the inability the control the passage of feces and gas through the anus
feces
the semi-solid mass of wast products in the colon that is expelled through the anus
flatulence
the excessive formation of gas or air in the stomach and intestines
flatus
gas or air passed through the anus
ileostomy
a sugically created opening between the iliem and the abdominal wall
ostomy
a surgically created opening for the elimination of body wastes
peristalsis
the alternating contraction and relaxation of intestinal muscles
stoma
a surgically created opening seen through the abdominal wall
stool
excreted feces
suppository
a cone-shaped, solid drug that is inserted into a body opening; it melts at body temperature
SSE
Soap suds enema