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28 Cards in this Set

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What are the factors affecting bowel elmination?
Age
Nutrition
Fluid Intake
Physical Activity
Psychological factors
Personality habits
Fecal Diversions
Position during defecation
Pain
Pregnancy
Surgery
Anesthesia
Medication
Dignostic tests
What is infrequent, sometimes the painful passage of hard, dry stool?
Constipation
What is the accumulation of harderened feces in the rectum?
Impaction
What is the frequent evacuation of watery stools?
Diarrhea
What is involuntary passing of bowel contents, and is often associated with neurological, mental, or emotional impairments?
Fecal Incontinence
What is the accumulation of gas in he GI tract?
Flatulence
What is an enlarged or varicose veins in the anal canal?
Hemorrhoids
When collecting a stool specimen it should be warm or cool?
Warm
What uses a small wooden blade smear small amount of stool on testing slide to test for presence of occult blood?
Guiac
This stool specimen is placed into a small plasic container?
O&P/Culture
KUB stands for?
Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder
What test involves the visualization of colon up to the ileocecal valve?
Colonoscopy
This involves he injecion of a nutrient or medicinal liquid into the bowel, irrigation of colon, and radiography of the small bowel...
Enteroclysis
When administering an enema, how high do you heat the solution?
100-105 degrees F
What side do you position the clien on when administering an enema?
Left
How far do you insert an enema into the rectum?
4 inches
What are the various types of enemas?
Tap Water
Saline
Hypertonic
Soapsuds
Oil retention
What are some characteristics of an ileostomy?
Empties from the small intestine
Water is not absorbed
Stool is liquid
May not be irriagated
Drainage pouch is worn at ALL times
What are some characteristics of an colostomy?
Located anywhere along the length of the intestine
Further along he intestinal tract the more solid the stool
Reusable or disposable pouch worn
Stmadhesive is cut and placed around the stoma to protect the skin from urine or stool
What is an ureterostomy?
Permanent fistula for drainage of a ureter through the abdominal wall
What is an lleoloop or lleoconduit?
Ureter drains into a portion of the ileum which forms a pseudo bladder with an artificial opening into the abdominal wall
What is a healthy stoma appearance?
Highly vascular
Beefy Red/Pink
Smooth Surface
How often are you suppose to check a stoma post operative?
Every 2 hrs for 24 hrs
Every 4 hrs for 28-72 hrs
Every 4-8 hrs rountinely or PRN
What are some ways you care for a colostomy?
Clean technique
Use gloves
Empty pouch when 1/4-1/3 full
Rinse pouch wih warm tap water
Change appliance every 4 days or PRN
Specimen should be taken from the stoma
What is an excellent resource person for clients and healthcare personnel concerning colostomy care?
Enterosomal Therapist
When documenting drainage, what things are important to note?
Amount
Color
Consistency
Application of cline pouch or dressing
Client prepartation
All ostomies always permanent?
No they can be temporary as well
What controls speed when administering an enema?
The height of the bag