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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
All men ____ to ____ must protect themselves against cancer of the testicles.
15
34
Testicular Exam:
_______ per month, after a warm ______ or ______.
Roll each testicle between ______ and _____ feeling for hard ______ or bumps
One time
bath
shower
thumb
finger
lumps
BSE:
Visual inspection - look for changes in ______, color, and texture of the skin and _______ or evidence of ________ from the nipple.
contour
nipple
discharge
When doing a BSE make sure and put a _______ or _______ under the shoulder of the breast to be examined. Also make sure and _____ the fingers over the breast.
pillow
towel
slide
What are the seven P'sfor a complete BSE?
Positions
Perimeter
Palpation
Pressure
Pattern
Practice with feedback
Plan of action
Most breast lesions in women are found in the ______ _______ quadrant. This area contains more breast _______ than the other quadrants.
upper
outer
tissue
________ is base right, 2nd intercostal space. ________ is base left, 2nd intercostal space.
Aortic
Pulmonic
______ is the 5th LICS/MCL. ________ is the L lateral sternal border, 4th ICS. ____ ______ is the L base, 3rd ICS.
Mitral
Tricuspid
Erbs Point
The first heart sound, S1, is formed by the closing of which valves?
Mitral (M1)- Closes first
Tricuspid (T1)
The second heart sound, S2, is formed by the closing of which valves?
Aortic (A2) - Closes first
Pulmonic (P2)
The _______ ___ ______ _____ is the pulsation felt at the apex. Originates from ventricular contraction.
Point of maximal impulse
________ are palpable vibrations created by turbulent blood flow.
Thrills
_______ are low-pitched sounds created by turbulent vasculature flow.
Bruits
A high-pitched, scratchy, leathery sound that is generated when the inflamed parietal and visceral pericardial layers rub together is a ________ _______ ______.
pericardial friction rub
Sinus arrhythmia is considered a _______ variant. The rhythm ______ with respiratory cycle. _______ at peak of respiration, and ______ with expiration
normal
varies
increases
decreases
Onset of S1 to the onset of S2 is ________. Onset of S2 to the onset of S1 is _________.
systole
diastole
________ is impaired swallowing. ________ is the absence or impairment of ability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs.
Dysphagia
Aphasia
The presence of rhythmic involuntary contractions, most often at the foot and ankle is _________.
clonus
In decorticate posturing the arms are ________ and in decerebrate the arms are ________.
flexed
extended
__________ is the ability to recognize the form of solid objects by touch. ________ is the ability to recognize numbers/letters written on skin.
Stereognosis
Graphesthesia
What are the 3 categories of the Glasgow Coma Scale?
Best eye response
Best motor response
Best verbal response
__________ is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. It is usually detectable when 500ml of fluid has accumulated.
Ascites
A _______ is the protrusion of an anatomical structure through the wall that normally contains it.
hernia
_________ are also known as lineas albicantes or stretch marks.
Striae
_________ is a progressive wave-like movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, esp. the alimentary canal.
Peristalsis
Costal vertebral angle tenderness is used to assess the _______ for tenderness.
kidneys
A vascular lesion is _____ to ______ in color. They may be caused by an extravasation of ______ into the skin tissue.
red
purple
blood
Name five primary lesions
Macule
Papule
Pustule
Wheal
Vesicle
Name five secondary lesions
Fissure
Keloid
Ulcer
Excoriation
Hematoma
Name 3 vascular lesions
Ecchymosis
Petechiae
Spider angioma
A _______ is a flat spot on the skin whose color may be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. (ex. ________, _______)
macule
freckles
vitiligo
A _______ is a small bump or pimple, typically larger than a grain of salt, but smaller than a peppercorn, that rises above the surface of neighbor skin.
papule
A _______ is a blister or a circumscribed elevation on the skin.
wheal
A ________ is a small, blister-like elevation on the skin containing serous fluid.
vesicle
A _______ is a small elevated skin lesion filled with WBC and sometimes bacteria or the products of broken-down cells.
pustule
A _________ is an ulcer or cracklike sore
fissure
A ______ is an an exuberant scar that forms on the site of an injury and spreads beyond the borders of the original lesion.
Keloid
An _______ is a lesion of the skin or mucous membrane marked by inflammation and sloughing of damaged tissues.
ulcer
An abrasion of the skin or of the surface of other organs by scratching, traumatic injury, etc. is an __________
excoriation
A _______ is a swelling comprising of a mass of extravasated blood.
hematoma
A _______ _______ is a circumscribed vascular tumor of the skin, usually congenital. (blanches)
spider angioma
Small, purplish, hemorrhagic spots on the skin that do not blanch are ________
petechiae
__________ is a bruise, that is superficial bleeding under the skin or a musous membrane that does not blanch.
Ecchymosis
________ is when hemoglobin becomes unsaturated with oxygen and the skin turns a bluish color.
Cyanosis
Standard recommendations for peiodicity of prevention exams are made by various organizations and the ____________________________
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
Name some critical indicators of heart disease risk in children
High rates of insulin resistance
Elevated triglycerides
Low HDL levels
Increased BP
Total cholesterol = _________
LDL = _________
HDL = _________
Total chol/HDL ratio = ______
LDL/HDL ratio = _____
<200
<130
>60
<4.5
<3.0
What is the criteria for the "missed group".
Cholesterol levels normal or slightly elevated AND HDL's below 40 AND triglyceride levels >150
What is the acceptable range for BMI?
>19 to <25
Name the ABCD's of skin cancer
Asymmetry
Borders
Color
Diameter