Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/135

Click to flip

135 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
was husband of Helen until Paris stole her from him;
Menelaus
brother of Agamemnon;
Menelaus
at the end of the Trojan war, Helen was given back to him;
Menelaus
called all of the chieftains together when Paris stole his wife Helen;
Menelaus
was made King of Sparta by Helen’s step father;
Menelaus
Commander in chief of the Greek Army;
Agamemnon
agreed to sacrifice his daughter to Artemis;
Agamemnon
was given Chryseis as his prize but then he had to give her back and then he got Briseis instead;
Agamemnon
fought face to face with Paris and he would have killed him if it had not been for Aphrodite;
Menelaus
when Nestor said that it was his fault that they were losing to the Trojans because he had made Achilles mad, he admitted it and said that he had acted like a fool and would send Briseis back with many other gifts and begged Odysseus to take this offer to Achilles but he refused;
Agamemnon
was the eldest daughter of the Commander in Chief Agamemnon;
Iphigenia
was tricked into being sacrificed to Artemis by her father so that the Greeks could have a safe voyage to Troy;
Iphigenia
Achilles’ mother who tried to stop him from going to war;
Thetis
was known as the sea nymph;
Thetis
she asked Zeus to give success to the Trojans because she was angry that Agamemnon took Briseis;
Thetis
didn’t go when chieftains were called together by Menelaus because he didn’t want to leave his family and go on a romantic adventure for a faithless woman;
Odysseus
shrewdest and most sensible man in Greece;
Odysseus
came up with the idea of the Trojan horse;
Odysseus
pretended to go mad so that he wouldn’t have to go but then messenger realized he wasn’t really mad
Odysseus
had to go and persuade Achilles to come fight;
Odysseus
dressed up as a peddler and brought two kinds of things to the place where Achilles was said to be staying- gay ornaments and weapons and all the women went to the gay ornaments except for Achilles which is how he knew it was him;
Odysseus
got the armor of Achilles over Ajax;
Odysseus
stole sacred image of Pallas Athena with Diomedes because it was said that as long as the Trojans had this painting, Troy could not be defeated but they succeeded in getting it;
Odysseus
first man to leap ashore when they got to Troy which was a brave deed because the oracle said that the person that first one who landed at Troy was going to be the first die;
Protesilaus
when he died of a Trojan spear, the Greeks paid him great honor as if he were divine;
Protesilaus
Hermes brought him up to see his mourning wife, Laodamia;
Protesilaus
wife of Protesilaus;
Laodomia
when Hermes brought her husband up to see her, she wouldn’t give him back to Hermes;
Laodomia
went down to the Underworld with her husband because she had killed herself;
Laodomia
was Achilles’ prize of honor after he had to give back Chryseis
Briseis
didn’t go when chieftains were called together by Menelaus because his mother held him back;
Achilles
killed Prince Memnon;
Achilles
his bones were place in the same urn as Patroclus;
Achilles
greatest warrior;
Achilles
fate was that he was going to die in Troy because a divinity told him;
Achilles
when he got angry at Agamemnon and Agamemnon offered to give back Briseis along with many other gifts, he still refused;
Achilles
after Achilles found out from Antilochus that Patroclus had been killed, he said that he will kill Hector and that he will accept death when it comes;
Achilles
Thetis brought him armor that was so much better than anyone else’s;
Achilles
then he went to the Greek camp and told everyone to prepare for battle at one but Odysseus said that they first must eat because they cannot fight on an empty stomach;
Achilles
he fought Hector with Athena on his side and he threw a spear that killed Hector through an opening at the throat;
Achilles
he takes Hectors body and attaches it to the back of his chariot and drags it around which makes the gods unhappy with him;
Achilles
was killed by Paris when Paris shot an arrow at him that was guided by Apollo which hit him in his vulnerable spot which was his heel which was the only place on his body that was not immortal;
Achilles
was step father of Helen who chose her husband;
tyndareus
made all the suitors of Helen make the oath;
Tyndareus
wife of Hector who did not want Hector to go back to war
Andromache
known to be the bravest and most noble on the Trojan side
Hector
tamer of horses;
Hector
knows he is going to die in the war no divinity had told him;
Hector
son of Priam and Hecuba;
hector
asked his mother to offer to Athena the most beautiful robe she owned and pray her to have mercy but she rejected the offering;
hector
brother of Paris;
hector
since he was the tamer of horses, and drove the Greeks back almost to their ships;
hector
After he fought with Ajax, Zeus revived him and gave him surpassing power;
hector
after killing Patroclus, he took Achilles’ armor that Patroclus was wearing and put it on and got the great fighting skills and powers of Achilles;
hector
when Apollo put the death of Achilles and him in his balance, his sank lower which meant that he was going to die;
hector
when all the Trojans were running into the city for safety, he didn’t move and was in front of the wall because he said that he was the fault for their loss and he didn’t think that he should spare himself;
hector
then Achilles came with Athena on his side and Athena tricked him into thinking that his brother Diomedes was next to him so he faced Achilles and then when he turned to Diomedes he saw that he wasn’t there;
hector
Achilles killed him by throwing a spear at him that went through an opening near the throat;
hector
Achilles took his armor off and he attached him to the back of his chariot and dragged him around;
hector
at his funeral they lamented him for nine days
hector
almost killed Prince Aeneas but Aphrodite and Apollo saved him;
Diomedes
he came face to face with Hector but saw Ares next to him and then cried to the Greeks to fall back;
Diomedes
then Hera got angry at Ares and came to fight with him and helped him hurl a spear at Ares body;
Diomedes
stole sacred image of Pallas Athena with Odysseus because it was said that as long as the Trojans had it Troy could not be taken but they succeeded in taking it;
Diomedes
soothsayer who told the Greeks things;
Calchus
said that the Gods had told him that Artemis was angry which is why the winds were blowing so hard;
Calchus
also said that Artemis said that the only way to calm the wind and ensure a safe voyage to Troy was to calm her by sacrificing a royal maiden, Iphigenia;
Calchus
knew why Apollo was angry but he wouldn’t speak until Achilles assured him safety;
Calchus
one of Achilles close friends who saw that the Greeks were going to lose so he told Achilles who still wasn’t fighting to give him his armor so that if the Trojans that that he was Achilles then they might pull back a little bit;
Patroclus
he, in Achilles’ armor, fought Hector and Hectors’ spear gave him a mortal wound and his soul left his body and went down to Hades;
Patroclus
was the Greek that was going to stay behind for the plan of the Trojan Horse and tell the Trojans that he wished to no longer be Greek and that Pallas Athena had been extremely angry at the theft of Palladium, and the Greeks in terror had sent to the oracle to ask how they could calm her and he said that they had to sacrifice someone and that he was supposed to be the person that was going to be sacrificed but he managed to escape during the night and had watched the ships sail away---said that the wooden horse had been made as an offering to Athena and the reason for its great size was to discourage the Trojans from taking it into the city because the Greeks hoped for was that the Trojans would destroy it which would make Athena angry at the Trojans and make her in favor of the Greeks;
Sinon
the most beautiful women in the world;
Helen
Paris wins from Aphrodite from the Judgment of Paris;
Helen
daughter of Zeus and Leda;
Helen
when suitors came to her home, step-father King Tyndareus made them all vow that they will not get jealous of the one that is chosen and if any harm comes to Helen they all have to help the chosen one and in the end he chose Menelaus;
Helen
tells Trojans about the Greeks they are fighting;
Helen
brother of Hector;
Diophebus
Athena made Hector think that he was fighting next to him which made Hector think that he could win the fight against Achilles and Athena but really he wasn’t there which tricked Hector into his death;
Diophebus
Athena persuaded him to break the truce of the two sides because Hera didn’t want the war to end until Troy was in ruins;
Pandarus
shot an arrow to break the truce between both sides and he shot it at Menelaus;
Pandarus
was an excellent judger of beauty;
Paris
made the Judgment of Paris;
Paris
father was Priam the King of Troy;
Paris
his father sent him away because his fate was that he would be the ruin of his country;
Paris
first was living with a nymph named Oenone;
Paris
in Judgment picked Aphrodite which gave him the fairest and most beautiful woman as his wife;
Paris
stole Helen from Menelaus when he was taken in as a guest in their house;
Paris
when he was fighting Menelaus face to face, the Menelaus would have won if it had not been for Aphrodite who took him with her and back to Troy;
Paris
he shot an arrow at Achilles which Apollo guided which hit Achilles in his vulnerable spot which was his heel which was the only place on his body that was not immortal which then killed him; when Prince Philoctetes injured him with the bows and arrows of Hercules, he begged Oenone to heal him from his wound but she did not because it was her revenge on him for abandoning her and then he later died;
Paris
wife of Priam;
Hecuba
was asked by Hector and his brother to offer to Athena the most beautiful robe she owned and pray her to have mercy;
Hecuba
son of Hector;
Astynanax
was sacrificed on the wall of Troy;
Astynanax
came to the assistance of Troy with a large army;
Prince Memnon
was killed by Achilles in Achilles’ last battle;
Prince Memnon
was one of the best warriors after Achilles;
Ajax
fought Hector but before he could injure Hector, Aeneas lifted him and took him away and with Hector gone the Greeks would have won the war if Zeus had not have woken up;
Ajax
was dishonored because he was not the chosen one to have Achilles’ armor;
Ajax
was determined to kill Agamemnon and Menelaus who he thought had turned the vote against him in getting Achilles armor;
Ajax
when he reached the quarters of Menelaus and Agamemnon, Athena made him go mad and he began to kill the flocks of animals because he thought that it was the Greek army;
Ajax
his body was not burned but instead it was buried because suicidal deaths were not to be honored;
Ajax
when he regained his reason from the madness that Athena had put into his head, he realized what disgrace he had brought onto himself and decided to kill himself;
Ajax
was best and bravest next to Hector on the Trojan side;
Prince Aeneas
came near to death at the hands of Diomedes when he wounded him but his mother came down and saved him but Diomedes knew that she was a coward goddess and so he cut her hand and she dropped Aeneas but Aeneas was still not killed because Apollo came down and carried him to scared Pergamos which is the Holy place of Troy where Artemis healed him;
Prince Aeneas
mother was Aphrodite;
Aeneas
ONLY TROJAN TO ESCAPE!!!;
Aeneas
tried to save his family but he could not save his wife when they got separated in one of the fires;
Aeneas
had special bows and arrows that the Greeks supposedly needed to defeat the Trojans;
Hercules
Hecuba’s daughter;
Polyxena
was sacrificed by the Greeks on Achilles grave
Polyxena
bows and arrows of Hercules were given to him when Hercules died;
Prince Philoctetes
was part of the Greek host that sailed to Troy and when the Greeks stopped on an island to make a sacrifice, he was bitten by a serpent and the wound would not heal and was left on an island;
Prince Philoctetes
Odysseus was sent to get the bows and arrows from him by tricking him and succeeded but they had to take him back with them;
Prince Philoctetes
the first man that he injured with the bows and arrows was Paris;
Prince Philoctetes
the nymph that lived with Paris in the mountains before he made the Judgment of Paris;
Oenone
was abandoned by Paris when the beginning of the Trojan War began;
Oenone
when Paris was injured and asked for her help, she said no as a revenge for him leaving her and she watched him die and then she later killed herself;
Oenone
priest that tried to persuade the Trojans to destroy the horse;
Lacoon
when he told the Trojans to burn the horse Poseidon sent two serpents which wrapped around him and crushed the life out of him and his two sons;
Lacoon
Priam’s daughter also tried to persuade the Trojans to destroy the horse but no one listened to her
Cassandra
was the oldest and known as the wisest of the chieftains;
Nestor
said to Agamemnon that they would have won the war if he had not made Achilles angry;
Nestor
son of Nestor;
Antilochus
told Achilles that Patroclus had been killed by Hector and that Hector has his armor;
Antilochus
daughter of Apollo’s priest;
Chryseis
was the reason that Achilles and Agamemnon got into a fight;
Chryseis
Greeks had carried her off and had given her to Agamemnon;
Chryseis
her father begged for her release but Agamemnon would not let her go;
Chryseis
King of Troy, father of Paris;
Priam
wife was Hecuba;
Priam
when his son Hector was killed by Achilles, he went to Achilles and he praised Achilles and Achilles was confused because he had killed his son;
Priam
was killed by Achilles son;
Priam
prophet that knows the future on the Trojan side;
Helenus
the Greeks captured him so that he would tell him what to do to win the war;
Helenus
told the Greeks that they needed to fight the Trojans with the bows and arrows of Hercules to win the war;
Helenus