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66 Cards in this Set

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traditional Greek/Roman story, preliterate society, supernatural beings, ancestors, heroes, that serve as primordial types in a view of the world
myth
story involving historical figures, divine forces
legend
connected series of legendary tales
saga
shorter story, mainly oral, designed to entertain, fantasy/magic rather than divinities
folktale
oral/internet story, specifics, told as true, several variants, anxieties of society
urban legend
adjective or descriptive noun phrase attatched to hero or god, expressing quality or relation appropriate to that figure
epithet
conventional symbol of office, character, or identity assosciated w/a figure
attribute
cult site or institution considered common property of all Greek-speaking peoples
Panhellenic
made of gold and ivory
chryselephantine
ritual reenactment of a divine union between male and female principles OR mythic representation of such a union
sacred marriage
designed to avert or turn away evil
apotropaic
explanation of the cause or origin of something
aetiology
vindication of the justice of God in allowing evil to exist
theodicy
indigenous, arising from earth itself
autochthonous
mythic primeval era characterized by benevolent nature, peaceful creatures, no need for trade, acgriculture, war, mining
Golden Age
statue of OR made by Athena, in Troy, loss of statue = loss of city
Palladium
tasseled shield of Zeus, strongly associated w/ Athena
aegis
Babylonian goddess of love and war, consort Tammuz dies tragically early
Ishtar/Astarte
robe or gown
Pelops
Swiss psychologist who proposed collective unconscious and archetypes
Carl Jung
shared associations and memories of all human beings
collective unconscious
archetype
(original + pattern) primordial character, image, narrative motif which recurs throughout human culture
attempt or tendency to reconcile two different sets of religious/philosophical beliefs; blending of forms of worship through incorporation of ritual, dogma from distinct cults
syncretism
19th-century German philosopher who formulated a view of Greek myth opposing Appollo to Dionysus
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
marketplace
agora
escorter of souls of dead to the underworld
psychopompus
associated w/boundaries
liminal
stylized statue of Hermes; border marker, phallic
herm
manifestation of a god in the sight of mortals
epiphany
interpreting bird/weather/animal signs
divination
taking omens by consulting entrails of birds (Etr. and Rom)
haruspicy
Roman offical who interpreted divine responses to proposals or events based on weather signs, bird flights
auger
Roman term for omens falling under the jurisdiction of the augurs
auspices
science and methodology of interpretation, esp. sacred texts
Hermeneutics
staff decorated w/ivy, vines, ribbons, topped w/ pine cone
thyrsus
old drunken man
silenus
half-animal phallic creatures
satyrs, silens
women maddened in service of Dionysus
maenads/bacchants
ripping apart wild animals
sparagmos
eating raw flesh
omophagy
legendary poet of Thrace with magical ability to charm plants and animals, advice on afterlife
Orpheus
religious devotion in which a person is worshipped as a demi-god after death, using rituals associated w/ earth powers
hero-cult
based on work of Levi-Strauss, emphasizes pairs of opposites as a guide to the cultural system
structuralism
Castor and Polydeuces
Dioscuri
friend of Orsestes and husband of Electra
Pylades
daughters of earth or night, pursue those who have violated certain taboos, such as shedding kindred blood
Furies (Eumenides, Erinyes)
hill NW of Acropolis, site of early Athenian council/court which tried homicides, also site of famous speech by St. Paul
Areopagus ("hill of Aries")
honor/glory among Homeric warriors
kleos
boasts or insults spoken by opposing warriors before or after combat
vaunts
battle-scene featuring one warrior, whose strength is usually augmented by divine aid, making him irresistible for a time
aristeia
"outrage" "insult" Arrogant or excessive behavior, usually punished by the gods
hubris
mythical people of the far north, devotees of Apollo, live in a golden age setting
Hyperboreans
mythical people of the south who feast with the gods
Ethiopians
mythical tribe of warrior women, usually located in the far north
Amazons
mythical island at the western edge of the world; site of tree with golden apples sought by Heracles.
Island of the Hesperides
"daughters of evening"
Hesperides
side of a coin bearing the principal image or inscription
obverse
back of coin
reverse
piece of metal prepared to be made into a coin
blank
standard coin, made of gold, silver, or electrum, varies widely in value depending on metal and weight
stater
silver coin; in classical Athens, daily wage for a skilled worker
drachma
literary device which focuses attention by presenting a list of items to compare culminating with the item of interest
priamel
verse structure for choral song consisting of matched stanzas (strophe-antistrophe) followed by a concluding stanza (epode)
triadic structure
truism expressed in third person
gnome, nomic statement
cult title of Aeneas after death
Jupiter Indiges
Sabine war god identified w/ Mars and Romulus
Quirinus