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43 Cards in this Set

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Sigmund Froid
Sigmund Froid- was a therapist whose discoveries about the nature of hero stories have been influential to this day. Influenced by Sophocles’ play “Oedipus the King”
Neurotic patients
Jocasta says “Many men have slept with their mothers in their dreams”

Freud's work has led hiim to believe that a son is strongly attracted to his mother and is capable of directing substantiaal anger at his father for also wanting her attention. he called this the OPEDIPUS COMPLEX.
Rank
a student of Freud. Agreed with freud, but insisted that daughters as wells as sons exhibit such behavior. We can say that Rank saw myth as arising of the basic human conflicts. He saw the child’s wanting the mother for itself as on e of the most basic conflicts in life. “normal patients” family romance
projection
pg. 131 the reversal of relationship roles. IN the myth, the son'ts real-life rebellion against the father is reversed, so that it is the father who is hostile to the son, not vice versa. Rank points out that the great hero myths across the ages emphazie such defeats of oppressive power by the hero.
Heroic journey
separation, inittiiation, return, life death rebirth
separation or departure
the first step in the hero's well defined path. the first step, 'consists in a radical transfer of emphasis from the external to the internal world' he hero must retreat from the worle "the heros adventures in fanstastic lands relate, in Cambells's view to internal psychic states) to the realm of the unconscious. It is here that he will find the resolution of his conflicts and fears. THis part of the hero's adventure contains the following 5 elements!
five elements in 'separation or departure'
"refusal of the call" supernatural AID, crossing the first threshhold, in the belly of the whale
trials and victores, initiation
second part of heros path. trials and victories of initiation. here the hero proves his merit, is tempted by evil, and learns the secrets of the gods. this stage contains the following six elements
six elements of 'trials and victoires'
the road of trials, the meeting with the godesss, woman as the temptress, atonement with the father, apotheosis, and the ultimate boon
third part, return
treturn and reintegration with society. after his trials, the hero returns, transfigured, to teach the lessson he has learned of life renewed to make a difference in the everyday world. the six parts of this stage are...
six parts of 'return'
refusal of the return, the magic flight, rescu from without, crossing the the return thrsold, master fo the two worlds, and freedom to live.
Joseph Cambell
The hero with a thousand Faces. Heroes from every culture typically undertake a journey in to a far-off land.
he believes that the hero myth is really written about every humang being, each of us is the hero struggling to accomplish his adventure. as human beings, we engage in a series of struggles--to develop as individuals and to find our place in society.
all hero stories follow the same pattern. monomyth-the narrative structure underlying all myths. based on the view that all myths followt he same patter.
Jung
thought the truth lyed in female subjects
Daphne and apollo
daphne was a greek nymph. daughter of the river god peneus. she was changed into a tree to escape the advances of Apollo, who loved her. the story is from ovid's metamorphasis. rape is common and indicates the lack of control humans have over their destinies. campbell. refusal of the call. refulsal can often result in a pralysis or enchantment. running in fear, daphne calls out to her father to take away her beauty, turns her into tree.
rites of passage
rituals are funamenta l to campbells insights into the hero's journey. examples include baptism, graduation, first haircut, drivers licsence, prom. they marke the physical, mental and spirtual changes that young people go as they develop to fill a variety of roles in socieety.
Sigmund Froid
Sigmund Froid- was a therapist whose discoveries about the nature of hero stories have been influential to this day. Influenced by Sophocles’ play “Oedipus the King”
Neurotic patients
Jocasta says “Many men have slept with their mothers in their dreams”

Freud's work has led hiim to believe that a son is strongly attracted to his mother and is capable of directing substantiaal anger at his father for also wanting her attention. he called this the OPEDIPUS COMPLEX.
Rank
a student of Freud. Agreed with freud, but insisted that daughters as wells as sons exhibit such behavior. We can say that Rank saw myth as arising of the basic human conflicts. He saw the child’s wanting the mother for itself as on e of the most basic conflicts in life. “normal patients” family romance
projection
pg. 131 the reversal of relationship roles. IN the myth, the son'ts real-life rebellion against the father is reversed, so that it is the father who is hostile to the son, not vice versa. Rank points out that the great hero myths across the ages emphazie such defeats of oppressive power by the hero.
Heroic journey
separation, inittiiation, return, life death rebirth
separation or departure
the first step in the hero's well defined path. the first step, 'consists in a radical transfer of emphasis from the external to the internal world' he hero must retreat from the worle "the heros adventures in fanstastic lands relate, in Cambells's view to internal psychic states) to the realm of the unconscious. It is here that he will find the resolution of his conflicts and fears. THis part of the hero's adventure contains the following 5 elements!
five elements in 'separation or departure'
"refusal of the call" supernatural AID, crossing the first threshhold, in the belly of the whale
trials and victores, initiation
second part of heros path. trials and victories of initiation. here the hero proves his merit, is tempted by evil, and learns the secrets of the gods. this stage contains the following six elements
six elements of 'trials and victoires'
the road of trials, the meeting with the godesss, woman as the temptress, atonement with the father, apotheosis, and the ultimate boon
third part, return
treturn and reintegration with society. after his trials, the hero returns, transfigured, to teach the lessson he has learned of life renewed to make a difference in the everyday world. the six parts of this stage are...
six parts of 'return'
refusal of the return, the magic flight, rescu from without, crossing the the return thrsold, master fo the two worlds, and freedom to live.
Joseph Cambell
The hero with a thousand Faces. Heroes from every culture typically undertake a journey in to a far-off land.
he believes that the hero myth is really written about every humang being, each of us is the hero struggling to accomplish his adventure. as human beings, we engage in a series of struggles--to develop as individuals and to find our place in society.
all hero stories follow the same pattern. monomyth-the narrative structure underlying all myths. based on the view that all myths followt he same patter.
Jung
thought the truth lyed in female subjects
Daphne and apollo
daphne was a greek nymph. daughter of the river god peneus. she was changed into a tree to escape the advances of Apollo, who loved her. the story is from ovid's metamorphasis. rape is common and indicates the lack of control humans have over their destinies. campbell. refusal of the call. refulsal can often result in a pralysis or enchantment. running in fear, daphne calls out to her father to take away her beauty, turns her into tree.
rites of passage
rituals are funamenta l to campbells insights into the hero's journey. examples include baptism, graduation, first haircut, drivers licsence, prom. they marke the physical, mental and spirtual changes that young people go as they develop to fill a variety of roles in socieety.
illumination
through the heroes andventure, he achieves illumination and understanding, he is raised to a godlike stature, ofeten by communication with a higher figure which may be male, female or androgonous. camp suggests that the hero outfrows mere mortality, and is no longer blinded by his senses' misinterpretation of the true nature of things. in this stage, he meets a spirtual guide and becomes awakened, an enlighteed one, able to see through the shell of his existence and the true reality beyond.
Uruk
where gilgamesh rules in sumeria somtiem between 2800 and 2500 BCR
sumeria fell tothe akkadians, but enven the conquerors regarded gilgamesh as a great hero, and some subsequent peoples referred to him as a god.
characteristic of oral myth; the mixture between sumerian and akkadian names for gods. this happens because the story developed over the many centuries durning which the akkadians, and subsequently others conquured sumeria. new people brought new dieties, throught the process called SYCRETIMS, the characteristics of the old and new gods melded, and ofeten both the old and new names were used. epic of gilgames comes from the early inhabitants of the land between the tiris and euprates river, modern day IRAQ.
cuniform
gilgamesh survives because it was carved into soft clay tablets that were then hardened by baking. generally tablets survived well, but all gilgamesh0related tables have damaged areas and missing sections. archeologists hope that as more tablets are found, they will be able to fill in gaps to complete the stories. the writing system is called cuneiform, which means 'wedge-shaped' because its charcters whre made with the pointed or wedge shaped end of a stick. this is one of the earliest forms of writing, invented about 3000 bce in the the city states of lower MESOPOTAMIA!
assurbanipal
among the several sets of the gilgamesh tablets, the most complete, and the one which scholars think represents the lates compiation and editing, comes from the library of assurbanipal, the ruler of the assyiran empire in the seventh century BCE,. in the hisotryof his reign, assubanipal explans that he sent out emissaries to bring back old tests for his library in nenveh, and that he had scholars copy and translsate texts from Babylon, Uruk, and nippur from their older sumerian langauge into akkadian. but sorthly after assurbanipal collected and caollated the epic of gilgamesh, it was lost until the mid mineteenth centurey when austen henry lyard made extensive acheological discoveries in mesopotamia.
humbaba
or huwawa. sumerian. in the epic of gilgamesh, giant guardian of tehe cedar forest, slain by enkidu
ninsun
sumerian goddess noted for wisdom, lwife of lugulbanda--who is a king of uruk, god, and shepherd, protectuor of gilgamesh. MOTHER OF GILGAMESH
ishtar
assyrian/babylonian. goddess of love, fertility, and war. daughter of Anu. identified with the phenician goddess astarte and the sumerian inanna, gilgamesh REJECTED HER ADVANCES. wants gilg to marry her, so she promises luxurious comforts and tremendous power
Bull of Heavan
Ishtar summons the bull of heavean by asking anu. anu is the sky-god, owner of the bull. enkidu and gilg killed it with gilgs's sword. gave the heart to shamash.
Utnapishtim
mesopotamian. in the epic, the sole survivor of the flood with his wife. made immortal by gods. gigamesh seeks him out in order to gain imortality
ereshkigal
sumerian and akkadian goddes of deaht. queen of the underworld, sister of istar, spouse of nergal, mother of Ninazu. another name for her is Irkalla. Queen of the underworld.
chothonian bein
is the greek word for earth. dadmus buried the dreagons teeth in the earth, and the 'crop' that grew was the army of spartoi. thus they are not born of the union of two creatures, but they sprangfrom the eaurth. the english world for this is AUtOCHTOHNOUS. pg. 274
code
'a set of symbols, each of which has a meaning, like morse code. the individual elements of a code can be combined to carry messages. any one myth is likely to contain different codes, or levels of meaning. pg. 177
The greek theatre!
pg. 218-219
hamartia
pg.220 aristotle used the word hamartia, which is usually translated as 'flaw' or even 'tragic glwa' but such a translation does not accutrately relect what he was describing. aristotle believed that, to provide a successful imitation of an a cction, a lay should involves some fkind of change of fortune.