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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is mythology?
the study of whatever religious or heroic legends are so foreign to a student’s experience that he cannot believe them to be true. It has two main functions, one to answer questions like “who made the world?”. It’s other function is to justify an existing social system and account for traditional rites and customs. Myths of origin and eventual extinction vary according to the climate.
What are the 2 main functions of a myth?
one to answer questions like “who made the world?”. It’s other function is to justify an existing social system and account for traditional rites and customs.
How can myths change?
3. Myths change according to climate. Primitive peoples remodel old myths to conform with changes produced by revolutions, or invasions and, as a rule, politely disguise their violence. Myths also change as culture spreads.
Difference between god and godess?
A goddess ruled culture has clans ruled by the queen-mother with her council of elder women. God-ruled cultures were with the High King to have limitless authority. Females aren’t as power hungry as males, so they can share the power unlike males.
What is one constant rule of mythology?
One constant rule of mythology is that whatever happens among the gods above reflects events on earth.
What do 2,3,4,5 symbolize?
2 is a symbol of sexual love. 3 represents the moon’s three phases-waxing, full, and wandering, and the god being split up into the complementary triad. 4 is between 3 and 5??. 5 is the four limbs and the head, the five senses, the five digits, and the four points of the compass and the zenith
Why should we study mythology?
Mythology is referenced in many books and if you study it you will recognize the reference. Mythology is also entertaining to read, and broadens your imagination. You will also be able to think deeper into some things and find the symbolism in it, and be able to explain what it means
What is mount olympus?
Mount Olympus is the abode of the gods and Greeks believe it to possibly be the center of the world
Who were the titans?
The Titans were the children of Earth and Heaven, which sprang from Chaos. Jupiter, with his brothers and sisters, rebelled against their father Saturn and his brothers the Titans; vanquished them, and imprisoned some of them in Tartarus, inflicting other penalties on others.
What does the falling of the titans represent?
The falling of the Titans could represent the falling of a country, in which the country is invaded. Some would be imprisoned, and others would receive penalties
Who were the muses?
Muses were the daughters of Jupiter and Mnemosyne. They presided over song, and prompted the memory. There are nine
Who were the graces?
goddesses presiding over the banquet, the dance, and all social enjoyments and elegant arts. Their names were Euphrosyne, Aglaia, and Thalia
Who were the fates?
Fates were Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. Their office was to spin the thread of human destiny, and they were armed with shears, with which they cut it off when they pleased.
Who were the penants and teh lars?
The Penates were the gods who were supposed to attend the welfare and prosperity of the family. The Lars were also household gods, but differed from the Penates in being regarded as the deified spirits of mortals
What was the golden age?
No laws, no war, no threatening words, no judging, the earth produced everything for herself, and everything was peaceful
When were the 4 seasons made?
The silver age
What happened in the bronze/iron age?
The people had more fierce natures, were redy to indulge in savage warfare, but not yet vicious. War came, and fraud, deceit and trickery were introduced. Iron weapons were introduced
Why did Jupiter want to wipe out the human race?
The humans are too savage and evil, and some have nearly turned against the gods
What happened to Lycaon?
did not believe Jupiter, who had become a god in human form, was a god. He planned to destroy Jupiter in his sleep. He also killed others after that. Jupiter made him into a wolf
Who feeds the clouds? Who's messenger is he? What is he dressed like?
Iris, Juno, rainbow
Who were the last living humans?
Deucalion and Pyrrha
Who did the last living humans after floodwaters worship?
the Corycian nymphs, the mountain gods, and the goddess of the oracles, prophetic Themis
Who does the sun god swear on?
Stygian lake
What happened to the son's sun's sisters?
mourning and felt too attached to their brother, so they became rooted to him
Who is the sun's sun?
Who first turned the soil?
Who conquers the gods?
What does venus want cupid to do?
Mate prosperine and her uncle
willingness to believe or trust too readily
belief in something untrue
concern or anxiety
Insurrection; rebellion
to be transformed
an apparition or specter