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125 Cards in this Set

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What was the reason to study Greek mythology? 3
-shows the way human race thought and felt untold ages ago
-leads up back to when people had connection with earth and nature
-provides us images of anything possible and not have to be right or wrong
What was the Greek miracle?
new birth of the world with the awakening of Greece
old things are gone and all things are new
Greek mythology began with...
Homer
When was the Iliad written?
1000 BC
new point of view?
realization of mankind
revolution in thoughts
Greek gods
centered in human beings
exceedingly humanly attractive
did gods have any resemblance of reality before the greek gods?
no
universe became ___
rational
What was Homer's style of writing?
beautiful, subtle language
how did sculptors and artists perceive the daily world?
saw beauty and gods in the men
miracle of greek mythology
men doesn't have to fear the unknown
scary spirits were banned
human god's made heaven __
familiar
why are monsters present?
to give the hero a chance for glory
ovid was a __ poet
latin
when was ovid living?
during the reign of Augustus
What did Ovid do with myths?
told almost all of them and at great length
what did Ovid think of myths?
nonsense, but understands their excellence to him
Who was Hesoid?
poor farmer with hard life
Hesoid was the first Greke man to..
onder how eveyrthing had happened
which myth did Hesoid write about?
Theogony
what was the "Theogony"?
account of creation of universe and generation of gods--about mythology
what was "words and days" about?
and who wrote it?
about living good life
hesoid
What didn't Virgil believe in? But what did he find in them?
myths, but found human nature in them
what did Virgil bring from myths?
personages to life
Is Virgil roman or Greek?
Roman
Homer is the ____ of poetry
father
what did Homer write about? which was older?
What were they about?
Odyssey - about journey
Iliad - about war
Iliad wa older
Homer is an important ___ of myths
source
___ a river which the gods swore by
Styx
__ a ferryman of the Styx River who was paid a ___
Charon; coin placed in the mouth of the dead at the time of their burial
__ a three-headed dog which guarded the gates of Hades
Cerebus
___ a river which souls drank from to cause forgetfulness
Lethe
___ ___ paradise;
home of poets, heroes, artists, and wise men
_______ had to be crossed befoer the dead could enter the Underworld, aka ___
all five rivers; Hades
what are the five rivers of the Underworld?
Styx
Charon
Acheron
Lethe
Cocytus
Greek Vulcan/Mulciber
Hephaestus
Roman Hermes
Mercury
Roman Ares
Mars
Roman Apollo
Phoebus Apollo
Roman Artemis
Diana
Roman Hestia
Vesta
Greek Mercury
Hermes
Greek Mars
Ares
Greek Phoebus ___
Apollo
Greek Diana
Artemis
Greek Vesta
Hestia
Gorgons
how many
immortal?
appearance
ability
3
2 are immortal
dragonlike with wings
their looks turn men into stone
the 2 important Fates are...
Clotho
Atropos
What does Clotho do?
the spinner-spun the thread of life
What does Atropos do?
carried the "abhorred shears" and cut the thread at death
What are the nereids?
and how many of them?
50 daughters of neureus and Doris
Who is Mnemosyne?
Memory--mother of muses
Who is Eurynome?
mother of graces
Boreas?
North Wind
Eurur
East wind
Notus
South Wind
Zephyr
west wind
what does Mirth mean?
happiness
the 3 graces are..
Euphrosyne
Agalia
Thalia
Euphrosyne means
mirth
Agalia means
splendor
Thalia means
good cheer
3 of the nine muses?
calliope
thalia
terpsicore
calliope is..
muse of (epic) poetry
thalia is..
muse of comedy
terpsicore is..
muse of dance
Who is Thetis?
Mother of Achilles
nymph of Nereid
at first there was ___, a ________________
Chaos, vase immeasureable abyss/vase seething darkness
into Chaos, two children wre born: ___ and ____
then into this, ___ was born
Night and Erebus (Hades)
Love
Graudlaly the shapeless nothingness ceased to be mere darkness and confusion. It resolved into two great beings: ___ or ____ and _____, the _____
Gaea, Mother Earth, Ouranus/Uranus, Father Heaven
For revenge on mankind, Zeus made ___
Pandora
Pandora is the first
woman
All gods gave her gifts. They called her __ which means _____
Pandora, "the gift of all"
The source of all misfortune wasn't Pandora's wicked nature, but only her ___
curiosity
The gods presented Pandora a box in which each of them had put ____
something harmful
The gods gave Pandora a box and ____
forbade her to open it
The gods sent Pandora to Epimetehus who _____ although Prometheus had ___
took her gladly, warned him not to accept anything from Zeus
Pandora had to know what was in the box, so she lifted the lid and out flew ______ for mankind
plagues innumerable, sorrow and misfortune
Pnadora closed the lid, but it was too late. The only good that was in the box was ___
hope
What is the Story of the "Great Deluge"?
Man were getting so wicked that Zeus decided to destroy them with a great flood. All had died but Prometheus' son Decalion and Deucalion's wife Pyrrha (Prometheus' niece). They were hidden in a great box that was on the peak of Parnassus. After they got out on the dry earth, they were told to throw stones behind their shoulders and a new race of mankind was born.
Helles is..
son of Deucalion and Pyrrha
Helles begins
the Greek race
Demeter's daughter was named ___ and she was considered the ____
Persephone, maiden of spring
___ fell in love with Persephone, tempting her with a flower called a ____ so he could ____
Hades, narcissus, take her away in the chariot to the underworld and make her queen
Demeter searched for ___ until she was told the story by ___
nine days, the sun
What is the story of Metaneira and her son, Demophoon?
Disguised as an old woman, Demeter met Metaneira who welcomed her in her house. For reward, Demeter tried to make Metaneira's son immortal
what's demeter's festival like?
mysterious
what's demeter's festival called?
eleusian mysteries
How did Zeus intervene with Demeter's sorrow for Persephone?
had Hermes to make hades let go
had Rhea to assure Demeter that Persephone will come back for most of the year
the role of a pomegranate seed in Demeter's story
forced Persephone to come to Hades
What did Rhea do in Demeter's story?
negotiated
what idea is foremost in the story of Demeter and how does this become a comfort for man?
sorrow-they can go to her for compassion
Demeter's story and sorrow and the cause of
seasons
___ was the __ god to eanter Olympus; his father was ___ and his mother was ___
Dionysus, last, Zeus, Semele
what happened to Semele, Dionysus' mother?
Hera was jealous of her and made Semele wish to see Zeus in his full splendor and made eus bound his oath to Styx. Zeus showed in his fullness and caused Semele to die
become of his mother's death, the god of vine ___ and taken to be _____
snatched from semel's dying body, raised by the nymphs
dionysus firsts years were spend in wandering:
-___ tried to capture him
he defeated the king of thrace who ___
rescues and loves ___ who had been ______
rescues ______
pirates
insulted him
ariadne
her mother and brought her to mt. olympus and it was made her home
the god of wine could be ___ (characteristics)
kind, cruel, man's blessings or ruins
women frenzied by wine were called the __ or ____
Maenades, Bacchantes
Roman Demeter
Ceres
Roman Dionysus
Bacchus
Greek Ceres
Demeter
Greek Bacchus
Dionysus
what happened at Thebes in Dionysus' story?
Pentheus arrested Dionysus and his frenzied women, not knowing his identity. He ignored Teiresias, the blind prophet, who said that Dionysus was a new god and mocked the gods. He also insulted Dionysus and because of this, Dionysus turned women including Pentheus' mother and sisters into frenzied women and they tore him from limbs to limb.
Wine is good...
bad...
cheers and warms men's heart
quickened courage
happy freedom

drunk, careless, unclear
Describe Dionysus' festival
open to all
during the spring which lasts for 5 days
none could be in prison
worship at the theater
ceremony was the play
great poetry was written
Roman Rhea
Ops
Greek Ops
Rhea
Roman Cronus
Saturn
Greek Saturn
Cronus
Titans are the..
they are __ and ___
elder gods
huge and strong
atlas is punished by zeus by
holding the world on his shoulders
prmetheus means..
gave mankind the..
forethought
fire
epimetheus means..
gave....
wife is..
afterthought
good gifts to anialspandora
Ocean/Oceanus is a ... and a ....-....
Titan
River-God
Cronus is the father of __
who ____ (action to his children)
Zeus
swallowed all his children
Zeus was saved by ___ from being ___
Rhea
swallowed by his father Cronus
Demeter is Goddess of ___
agriculture
Dionysus is God of
wind and vine
What is the Aegis?
Zeus' breastplate
Pan is the son of...
he is a ....
plays the...
Hermes
satyr
flute
What is Thessaly?
northeast of Greece where Mt. Olympus is located
Graiae are..
Gray woman with 1 eye among them
sister of the gorgons
stygian witches
harpies are..
bird/woman
ate Phineus' food
nemesis is..
righteous anger
was in narcissus' story for answering prayer to bring about narcissus' narcissum