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6 Cards in this Set

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exogamy
marrying outside of your tribe or group. it corresponds to 'undervaluing your kin' and is onne side of the scale. Levi Strauss.
endogamy
marriage within a specific group as required by custom or law
trickster
Loki, prometheus, coyote or raven
Prometheus
cheats zeus of the better meat sacrifice, zues withholds fire from humans, prometheus steals fire for humans, zeus punishes him by inflicting padora, the first woman on humans zeus binds prometheus to a rock in chains. zeus allowshis son hercules to free promethesu to increase herc's fame.
culture hero
A culture hero is a mythological or historically-embellished hero specific to some group (cultural, ethnic, racial, religious, etc.) who changes the world through invention or discovery. A typical culture hero might be credited as the discoverer of fire, or agriculture, songs, tradition and religion, and is usually the most important legendary figure of a people, sometimes as the founder of its ruling dynasty. The hero is sometimes said to be still living, but is often instead a star, constellation or purely spiritual in nature.

In many cultures, particularly Native American, the mythical figure of the trickster and the culture hero are combined. To illustrate, Prometheus, in Greek mythology, stole fire from the gods to give it to humans. He is more of a culture hero than a trickster. In many North American Indian mythologies, the coyote spirit stole fire from the gods (or stars or sun) and is more of a trickster than a culture hero. Natives from the Southeastern United States typically saw a rabbit trickster/culture hero. The Greek Prometheus is especially famous as the bringer of fire, while the African trickster spider Ananse is also widely-disseminated.
nature vs. culture
as humans move from being at home in nature toward a dependence on a world of more complicated structure and lawas, they lose their relationship with the gods and the ideal of paradise. it illustrates levi-strauss' theory that collectively, the sum of what all myths say is not expressly said by any of them, and that what they thus say is necessary poetic truth whish is an unwelcomed contracdition