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294 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abstract
1.(adj) not concrete; theoretical
2. (n) a statement summarizing the important points of a text
accumulated
gathered together or piled up
acquire/acquiring/acquired
to gain possesion of
adverse
opposing; unfavorable
abstraction
an abstract concept idea or term
accumulation
an increase by natural growth or addition
acquisition
something gained
acquisitive
eager to gain and posses
adversity
misfortune
adversary
enemy
adversarial
acting like an enemy
advocacy
active support, arguing for something
aesthete
someone who loves the beauty of art and nature
aesthetic/aestehtically
having to do with art or beauty
aesthetician
an expert in beauty and artistic
aestheticism
sensitivity to artistic beauty
ambiguous
having more than one meaning, unclear
ambiguity
something of unclear meaning
unambiguously
in a certain or clear manner
ambivalence
mixed or conflicting feelings
ambivalent
undecided; having opposing feelings
analogy
comparison
analogue
something that compares to something else
analogical
based on a comparison
analogous
similar
anecdotoe
a short and amusing story
anecdotal
like a short, amusing story, not factual
anonymity
the state of being unkown
anonymous/anonymously
without a name
anticipate
1. to expect 2. to provide for in advance
anticipation
expectation
apathy
lack of interest;indeifference
apathetic
feeling or showing a lack of interest or concern
apparatus
a device for a particular purpose
apparent
obvious;clear
appraise
to evaluate or estimate the value of
appraisal
an estimate
apt/aptly
appropriate
aptitude
talent;ability
aptness
appropriatness
inept
inappropriate;lacking skill
ineptitude
the quality of being unsuited
arbiter
someone who settles a dispute
arbitrate
to settle arguments through a neutral third party
arbitration
negotiation to settle differences conducted by a neutral party
arbitrator
someone chosen to settle a dispute
arbitrary
random
articulate
to speak clearly
articulation
the act of vocal expression
inarticulate
unable to speak clearly
aspire
to have a great ambition or ultimate goal
aspiration
1. the act of breathing
2. a cherished desire; ambition
aspirant
a hopeful person
assert
to state or act forcefully
assertion
something declared or stated positively
assertive
confidently aggresive
assess
to measure(e.g., the tax on a property); to evaluate
assessment
an evaluation of something's worth
attribute
1.(n)a characteristic or quality
2.(v)to give credit; to indicate a cause of something
attribution
assigning to a cause or source
attributable
capable of being credited as a cause of something
augment
to add to
authentic
real
inauthentic
not genuine
authenticate
to prove to be genuine
authority
1.the power to exercise dominating control over
authoritative
having influence commanding
authoritarian
favoring authority;dictorial
authoritarianism
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
awe
an overwelming feeling of wonder or admiration
awestruck
full of wonder
belie/belying/belied
to give a false impression of
beneficent
doing or producing good
beneficial
helpful; producing a favorable result
beneficiary
someone who recieves a gift or advantage
benefited
profited from
censor
1.(n)someone with the power to stop publication
2.(v)to block out offensive material
censorship
deleting parts of publications or performances
uncensored
not edited for bad or improper content
clarify
to make clear
clarification
an interpretation that clears up confusion or uncertainty
clarity
clearness, in thought or apperance
coherent
logical;clear
incoherent
difficult to understand; jumbled
coherence
logically understandable; consistent
collaborate
to work together
collaboration
the act of working together
collaborator
someone who works with others toward a common goal
collaborative
working together
colleague
co-worker
commended
praised
commendable
worthy of high praise
commendation
a message expressing a favorable opinion
compatible
able to get along well together
incompatible
badly matched; not getting along well together
compelled
to force someone to do something
competence
ability
incompetence
inability
competent
well-qualified;capable
incompetent
unable
complacence
self-satisfication
complacency
showing self-satisfaction
complacent
self-satisfied;smug
conceal
to hide
concealment
the condition of being hidden
conception
the creation of a concept or idea
conceptualize
to form an idea
misconception
mistaken idea
preconception
an opinion formed without enough knowledge or experience
conceptual
having the property of ideas; not physical
condemn
to disapprove; to find guilty
condemnation
an expression of strong disapproval
condemnatory
containing strong disapproval
congruent
alike
congruity
sameness
incongruity
not approptriate; different
congruous
corresponding; harmonious
incongruous
strange;out of place
conscience
your sense of right and wrong
conscientious
careful;ethical
consequence
result
conservation
saving from loss or damage
console
to comfort or soothe
contemporaneous
existing or happening during the same period of time
contempt
hatred
contend
1. to compete
2. to dispute
controvertible
capable of being questioned; disputable
convention
a custom
convey
1. to send
2. to carry
convoluted
hard to understand; complicated; twisted
cultivate
1. to grow(e.g. plants)
2. to develop or improve
cynic
a person whose outlook is habitually negative
defy
to resist openly
denounce
to criticize; to attack in speech or writing
depict
to represent in words or a picture
conscientious/
conscientiously
careful; ethical
conscious/
consciously
awake; aware
consciousness
awareness
unconscious/
unconsciously
lacking awareness, as if asleep or dead
consequent/
consequently
as a result
consequential
1. important
2. resulting
inconsequential
unimportant
conservationist
someone who protects the environment
conservative
traditional; seeking to preserve the past
conservatism
traditional or moderate behavior
consolation
comfort
consolatory
showing comfort
consolingly
in a comforting manner
contemporary
1. of the same time
2. present
contemptuous/
contemptuously
expressing hatred
dictate
to control or command
discern
1. to recognize
2. to distinguis between things
discredit
to disbelieve; to dishonor
discriminate
to notice differences
disdain
to look down upon; to scorn
disparage
to criticize; to put down
dispose
to throw away
dispute
to agrue about; debate
distinction
1. difference
2. quality of being unusual
distort
to twist or change
divert
1. to entertain
2. to change the direction of
doctrine
something taught (as in the principles of a religion)
dubious
doubtfull
eccentric
strange; unusual in an interesting way
eloquent
able to express onself clearly and effectively
elude
to escape, either physically or mentally
embellish
1. to decorate; to improve
2. to exaggerate
empathy
sympathy; ability to feel another's feelings
encompass
to include or surround
endorse
to support; to approve
endure
1. to tolerate
2. to last; to remain
enlighten
to inform; to make clear
equitable
fair; equal
eradicating
to get rid of
err
to make a mistake
ethic
the principles of right and wrong
evoke
to call forth
exasperating
to frustrate; to irritate
exclude
to not accept
exemplify
to illustrate by example
exploit
1. v) to take advantage of
2. n) an acomplishment
facile
easily accomplished or understood
foster
to promote growth or development of
fundamental
basic; elementary
futile
useless; unsuccessful
genre
type
grand
impressive in scale
gullible
believing everything; foolish trusting
hierarchy
a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system
hostile
unfriendly; characteristic of an enemy
hypothesis
assumption; possible explanation
illuminate
to shed light on; to clarify
illusory
deceptive; unreal
implement
to put into practice
indifferent
lack of interest or feeling; apathetic; neutral
induce
1. to persuade
2. to bring about
indulge
to give satisfaction to
industrial
relating to the production and sale of goods
inevitable
unavoidable
ingenious
clever; resourcefull
innovative
to be creative; to do something new
insight
a sudden understanding
integrate
to combine
integrity
honesty; sincerity
intimate
1. adj) close (as in relationships)
2. (v) to imply or suggest
3.adj) thorough(as in knowledge)
intuitve
derived from or prompted by a natural tendency
invoke
to call upon(for help)
irony
use of words to express the opposite meaning
justify
to prove to be right
legislate
to create or pass laws
legitimate
in accordance with accepted standards or law
liberate
to set free
mere
insignificant; minor
mimic
to copy or imitate
mobile
capable of moving
moderate
1.adj) not extreme
2.v)to direct or lead
moral
relating to principles of right and wrong
mortality
the quality of being subject to death
mutability
changeability
mystify
to confuse; to make unclear
naive
lacking worldly experience
nostalgia
a bittersweet longing for things persons, or situations of the past
objective
1. n)goal
2. adj)neutral; impartial; without feelings
obliging
ready and willing to do favors for others
obscure
1.adj)unclear, vague
obsolete
out-of-date
ornate
heavily decorated
orthodox
traditional; standard; conventional
passive
not active
patron
1. customer
2. supporter
perception
becoming aware via the senses
perpetuate
to make last longer
perplex
to confuse
phenomenon
occurrence; fact or circumstance
pragmatic
practical
preceding
to come before
predominant
the most frequent, common or influential
presume
to take for granted; to believe without reason
pretense
a false appearance
proclaim
to announce officially and publicly
profound
deep; full of meaning
prominent
standing out, noble
prose
ordinary language
prosperity
success; wealth
provoke
to bring about, especially anger
prudent
careful, cautious
radical
1. n) extremist
2. adj)extreme
rational
logical; reasonable; sensible
recluse
1. n) a person who withdraws from the world to live alone
2. adj) withdrawn from the world
reconcile
to settle(an argument, a problem...); to make up with someone
refine
to improve or purify
refute
to rejectl to disprove
relevant
important; pertinent
renown
fame
resilient
recovering readily from adversity
revere
to respet greatly
revoke
to take back; cancel
rhetoric
skill in using language effectively and persuasively
rigor
1. severity; strictness
2. strict accuracy or detail
satire
1. the use of ridicule in speech or writing
2. a literary work that ridicules
scarce
short in supply; not enough
scorn
to show dislike and disrespect
scrutiny
a close, careful examination or study
sentiment
feeling or emotion
serene
calm; peaceful
solitary
existing without others; alone
speculate
to believe, especially on uncertain grounds
stimulus
something that causes a response
subjective
taking place in a person's mind and affected by personal bias
subtle
not easily seen; difficult to understand
subtle
not easily seen; difficult to understand
superficial
shallow; on the surface
supplant
to replace
suppress
to keep down by force; to keep secret
sustain
to maintain; to keep up
subtle
not easily seen; difficult to understand
superficial
shallow; on the surface
supplant
to replace
suppress
to keep down by force; to keep secret
sustain
to maintain; to keep up
tact
ability to do or say the right thing at the right time
temper
1. to claim; to soothe
2. to balance
tenacious
persisting; firm; unyielding
tolerant
broad-minded
tranquil
calm
transient
short-lived
trivial
unimportant
tyrant
an absolute ruler who governs without restrictions
undermine
to weaken
underscore
1. to underline
2. to emphasize
valid
well grounded in logic or truth
vigor
strength; energy
wary
cautious; watchful
whim
a sudden desire