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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a soldier whose job is to guard sth: to be on sentry duty People approaching the gate were challenged by the sentry.
(of a remark, an opinion, etc.) dull and boring because it has been expressed so many times before; not original
1 large and heavy; difficult to carry: cumbersome machinery
2 slow and complicated: cumbersome legal procedures
3 (of words or phrases) long or complicated: The organization changed its cumbersome title to something easier to remember.
a book in which a bank, a business, etc. records the money it has paid and received: to enter figures in the purchase / sales ledger
1 (of land or soil) not good enough for plants to grow on it: a barren desert a barren landscape (= one that is bare, with few plants)
2 (of plants or trees) not producing fruit or seeds
3 (of women or female animals) not able to produce children or young animals
4 not producing anything useful or successful: The team will come through this barren patch and start to win again.
1 ~ sb/sth (with sth) to quickly push your fingers or another object into sb/sth: She poked him in the ribs with her elbow. She got up and poked the fire (= to make it burn more strongly).
2 to push sth somewhere or move it in a particular direction with a small quick movement: He poked his head around the corner to check that nobody was coming. Someone had poked a message under the door.
3 if an object is poking out of, through, etc. sth, you can see a part of it that is no longer covered by sth else: The end of the cable was left poking out of the wall. Clumps of grass poked up through the snow.
4 ~ a hole in sth (with sth) to make a hole in sth by pushing your finger or another object into it: The kids poked holes in the ice with sticks.

not real or true; false, and trying to deceive people: She spoke with a phoney Russian accent.
a person who is not honest or sincere; a thing that is not real or true
shirk ~ (from) (sth / doing sth)
to avoid doing sth you should do, especially because you are too lazy: Discipline in the company was strict and no one shirked. She never shirked her responsibilities.
1 when you clench your hands, teeth, etc., or when they clench, you press or squeeze them together tightly, usually showing that you are angry, determined or upset: He clenched his fists in anger. Through clenched teeth she told him to leave. His jaw was clenched tight. [v] 2 ~ sth (in / between sth) to hold sth tightly and firmly: She sat at the desk, her pen clenched between his teeth. She had a gun clenched tightly in her hand.
of low quality and without style
corny, tacky: an incredibly cheesy love song
to raise or pull sth up to a higher position, often using ropes or special equipment: He hoisted himself onto a high stool. The cargo was hoisted aboard by crane. to hoist a flag / sail
1 a law which says that people must not go outside after a particular time at night until the morning; the time after which nobody must go outside: The army imposed a dusk-to-dawn curfew. You must get home before curfew.
2 a time when children must be home in the evening: I have a 10 o'clock curfew.
1 to move or to make sth move in very small waves: The sea rippled and sparkled. The wind rippled the wheat in the fields. rippling muscles
2 (of a feeling, etc.) to spread through a person or a group of people like a wave: A gasp rippled through the crowd.