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108 Cards in this Set

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parch
1 : to toast under dry heat
2 : to shrivel with heat
3 : to dry or shrivel (to draw into wrinkles especially with a loss of moisture) with cold

- 烘,烤
- 使乾透;使燥熱
steep
1 : to soak in a liquid at a temperature under the boiling point (as for softening, bleaching, or extracting an essence)

泡,浸泡;浸透
2 : to cover with or plunge into a liquid (as in bathing, rinsing, or soaking)
3 : to saturate with or subject thoroughly to (some strong or pervading influence) <practices steeped in tradition>
recumbent
1 a : suggestive of repose : LEANING, RESTING b : lying down
2 : representing a person lying down <a recumbent statue>
natty
trimly neat and tidy : SMART <natty clothes> <a natty dresser>
exigent
1 : requiring immediate aid or action <exigent circumstances>
2 : requiring or calling for much : DEMANDING <an exigent client>
contravene
1 : to go or act contrary to : VIOLATE <contravene a law>
2 : to oppose in argument : CONTRADICT <contravene a proposition>
synonym see DENY
grudging
1 : UNWILLING, RELUCTANT
2 : done, given, or allowed unwillingly, reluctantly, or sparingly <grudging compliance>
transcendental
- describes an experience, event, object or idea that is extremely special and unusual and cannot be understood in ordinary ways:
a transcendental vision of the nature of God

-【哲】先驗的
- 卓越的
- 超自然的;人智所不及的
depraved
marked by corruption or evil; especially : perverted
allusive
an implied or indirect reference especially in literature; also : the use of such references

1. 暗指的
2. 含典故的
tussle
1 : a physical contest or struggle : scuffle

2 : an intense argument, controversy, or struggle

1. 扭打;爭鬥
2. 爭執,爭辯
scale
a: a small, flattened, rigid, and definitely circumscribed plate forming part of the external body covering especially of a fish b: a small thin plate suggesting a fish scale <scales of mica> <the scales on a moth's wing> c: the scaly covering of a scaled animal

鱗,魚鱗;介殼
endow
to furnish with an income; especially : to make a grant of money providing for the continuing support or maintenance of <endow a hospital>
embark
1 : to go on board a vehicle for transportation <the troops embarked at noon>
2 : to make a start <embarked on a new career>
enchant
1 : to influence by or as if by charms and incantation (spell/ritual) : bewitch

2 : to attract and move deeply : rouse to ecstatic admiration <the scene enchanted her to the point of tears — Elinor Wylie>

- 使著魔,對...用魔法
- 使陶醉;使喜悅;使入迷
voyage
1 : an act or instance of traveling : journey

2 : a course or period of traveling by other than land routes <a long sea voyage>

3 : an account of a journey especially by sea
endorse
a: to approve openly <endorse an idea>; especially : to express support or approval of publicly and definitely <endorse a mayoral candidate>

b: to recommend (as a product or service) usually for financial compensation <shoes endorsed by a pro basketball player>
prose
a the ordinary language people use in speaking or writing

b: a literary medium distinguished from poetry especially by its greater irregularity and variety of rhythm and its closer correspondence to the patterns of everyday speech
circumlocution
1 : the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea
2 : evasion in speech
trifling
lacking in significance or solid worth: as
a : FRIVOLOUS <trifling talk> b : TRIVIAL <a trifling gift> c chiefly dialect : LAZY, SHIFTLESS <a trifling fellow>
prattle
1 : trifling or empty talk
2 : a sound that is meaningless, repetitive, and suggestive of the chatter of children
verbiage
1 : a profusion of words usually of little or obscure content <such a tangled maze of evasive verbiage as a typical party platform — Marcia Davenport>

2 : manner of expressing oneself in words : diction <sportswriters guarded their verbiage so jealously — R. A. Sokolov>

廢話;冗詞
profuse, lavish, prodigal, luxuriant, lush, exuberant
mean giving or given out in great abundance.

PROFUSE implies pouring forth without restraint <profuse apologies>.

LAVISH suggests an unstinted or unmeasured profusion <a lavish party>.

PRODIGAL implies reckless or wasteful lavishness threatening to lead to early exhaustion of resources <prodigal spending>.

LUXURIANT suggests a rich and splendid abundance <a luxuriant beard>.

LUSH suggests rich, soft luxuriance <a lush green lawn>.

EXUBERANT implies marked vitality or vigor in what produces abundantly <an exuberant imagination>.
mundane
1 : of, relating to, or characteristic of the world

2 : characterized by the practical, transitory, and ordinary : commonplace <the mundane concerns of day-to-day life>
synonyms see earthly

1. 世俗的
2. 世界的
caret
a wedge-shaped mark made on written or printed matter to indicate the place where something is to be inserted
opaque
1 preventing light from travelling through, and therefore not transparent or translucent:
opaque glass/tights

2 FORMAL describes writing or speech that is difficult to understand:
I find her poetry rather opaque.
porous
describes something that has many small holes, so liquid or air can pass through, especially slowly
viscous
describes a liquid that is thick and sticky and does not flow easily

- 黏的
daunt
to lessen the courage of : COW, SUBDUE
synonym see DISMAY (to cause to lose courage or resolution)
enlighten
a: to furnish knowledge to : instruct <enlightened us about the problem>

b: to give spiritual insight to
nondescript
1 : belonging or appearing to belong to no particular class or kind : not easily described
2 : lacking distinctive or interesting qualities : DULL, DRAB
avaricious
greedy of gain : excessively acquisitive especially in seeking to hoard riches
synonym see COVETOUS
perturb
1 : to disturb greatly in mind : DISQUIET
2 : to throw into confusion : DISORDER
3 : to cause to experience a perturbation
impassive, stoic, phlegmatic, apathetic, stolid
mean unresponsive to something that might normally excite interest or emotion.

impassive stresses the absence of any external sign of emotion in action or facial expression <met the news with an impassive look>.

stoic implies an apparent indifference to pleasure or especially to pain often as a matter of principle or self-discipline <was resolutely stoic even in adversity>.

phlegmatic implies a temperament or constitution hard to arouse <a phlegmatic man unmoved by tears>.

apathetic may imply a puzzling or deplorable indifference or inertness <charitable appeals met an apathetic response>.

stolid implies an habitual absence of interest, responsiveness, or curiosity <stolid workers wedded to routine>.
culpable
meriting condemnation or blame especially as wrong or harmful <culpable negligence>

該責備的;有罪的
unwarranted
lacking a good reason and therefore annoying or unfair
extrapolate
to guess or think about what might happen from information that is already known
outcrop
a large rock or group of rocks that sticks out of the ground
misnomer
1 : the misnaming of a person in a legal instrument
2 a : a use of a wrong or inappropriate name b : a wrong name or inappropriate designation
confer
1 : to bestow from or as if from a position of superiority <conferred an honorary degree on her> <knowing how to read was a gift conferred with manhood -- Murray Kempton>
2 : to give (as a property or characteristic) to someone or something <a reputation for power will confer power -- John Spanier>
synonym see GIVE

授予(學位等)[(+on/upon)]
給予,賦予
predestine
to destine, decree, determine, appoint, or settle beforehand; especially : predestinate (destined, fated, or determined beforehand)

- 預先確定,預先指定
- 命定,注定
fallow
1 : left untilled or unsown after plowing

2 : dormant, inactive —used especially in the phrase to lie fallow<at this very moment there are probably important inventions lying fallow — Harper's>

- (田地等)休耕的
- 不活躍的,不旺盛的
corroborate
to support with evidence or authority : make more certain
synonym see CONFIRM
peruse
1 a : to examine or consider with attention and in detail : STUDY b : to look over or through in a casual or cursory manner

- 細讀;閱讀
2 : READ; especially : to read over in an attentive or leisurely manner
cursory
rapidly and often superficially performed or produced : hasty <a cursory glance>

- 匆忙的;粗略的
seemly
1 a : GOOD-LOOKING, HANDSOME b : agreeably fashioned : ATTRACTIVE
2 : conventionally proper : DECOROUS <not seemly to brag about oneself>
3 : suited to the occasion, purpose, or person : FIT
deleterious
harmful often in a subtle or unexpected way <deleterious effects> <deleterious to health>
tenuous
1 : not dense : RARE <a tenuous fluid>
2 : not thick : SLENDER <a tenuous rope>
3 a : having little substance or strength : FLIMSY, WEAK <tenuous influences> b : SHAKY 2a <tenuous reasons> <on grounds that were tenuous>
synonym see THIN
obdurate
1 a: stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing b: hardened in feelings

2: resistant to persuasion or softening influences
synonyms see inflexible
gratuitous
1 a: given unearned or without recompense b: not involving a return benefit, compensation, or consideration c: costing nothing : free

2: not called for by the circumstances : unwarranted <gratuitous insolence> <a gratuitous assumption>
red herring
something that distracts attention from the real issue
onset
BEGINNING, COMMENCEMENT <the onset of winter>
stint
to provide, take or use only a small amount of something (LIMIT)
ration
to limit the amount of a particular thing that someone is allowed to have
disinterested
free from selfish motive or interest : UNBIASED
synonym: INDIFFERENT
drawbridge:castle
gangway:ship
insulin 胰島素 : pancreas 胰腺
bile 膽汁: liver 肝臟
talon
the claw of an animal and especially of a bird of prey
nuance
1 : a subtle distinction or variation
2 : a subtle quality : NICETY
3 : sensibility to, awareness of, or ability to express delicate shadings (as of meaning, feeling, or value)

(色調,音調,意義,見解等的)細微差別
nuance:distinction::hint:suggestion
hint
a very small amount : SUGGESTION <with just a hint of spice>

suggestion
a slight indication : TRACE <a suggestion of a smile>
chicanery
1 : deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry : TRICKERY
2 : a piece of sharp practice (as at law) : TRICK
diffident
hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence
imposture
1 : the act or practice of deceiving by means of an assumed character or name
roll call
the act or an instance of calling off a list of names (as for checking attendance); also : a time for a roll call
cloture
the closing or limitation of debate in a legislative body especially by calling for a vote
demur
1 : hesitation (as in doing or accepting) usually based on doubt of the acceptability of something offered or proposed
2 : the act or an instance of objecting : PROTEST
synonym see QUALM

- 猶豫;有顧慮;反對
misgiving
a feeling of doubt or suspicion especially concerning a future event
qualm
2 : a sudden access of usually disturbing emotion (as doubt or fear)
3 : a feeling of uneasiness about a point especially of conscience or propriety

- 疑慮;擔心
- 內疚,良心不安
placate
to soothe or mollify especially by concessions : APPEASE
pique
to arouse anger or resentment in : IRRITATE <what piques linguistic conservatives -- T. H. Middleton>
atrophy
(of a part of the body) to be reduced in size and therefore strength, or, more generally, to become weaker:

- 【醫】萎縮;發育停止;虛脫
- 【植】減縮,萎縮
waver
to vacillate irresolutely between choices : fluctuate in opinion, allegiance, or direction
irresolute
uncertain how to act or proceed : VACILLATING <irresolute legislators>
thrift
careful management especially of money (AVOIDING WASTE)
chauvinism
1 : excessive or blind patriotism

2 : undue partiality or attachment to a group or place to which one belongs or has belonged

3 : an attitude of superiority toward members of the opposite sex; also : behavior expressive of such an attitude
spectacle
a : something exhibited to view as unusual, notable, or entertaining; especially : an eye-catching or dramatic public display b : an object of curiosity or contempt <made a spectacle of herself>
2 plural : GLASSES

- 公開展示,場面
- 景象;奇觀,壯觀
untenable
not able to be defended <an untenable position>
epilogue
short piece ending a literary work
minimize
estimate or represent at less than true value or importance
indigenous
native or belonging naturally to a place
quell
1 : to thoroughly overwhelm and reduce to submission or passivity <quell a riot>
2 : QUIET, PACIFY <quell fears>

- 鎮壓;平息;壓制
- 消除;減輕
foment
to promote the growth or development of : ROUSE, INCITE <foment a rebellion>
synonym see INCITE
gainsay
deny; contradict
pied
of two or more colors in blotches (an irregularly-shaped mark); also : wearing or having a parti-colored coat <a pied horse>

斑駁的;雜色的;穿花衣服的
complaisance
deferential; disposition to please or comply : AFFABILITY
ephemeral
1 : lasting one day only <an ephemeral fever>
2 : lasting a very short time <ephemeral pleasures>
synonym see TRANSIENT
rekindle
to make someone have a feeling that they had in the past:
The holiday was a last chance to rekindle their love.
impressionable
capable of being easily impressed
coterminous
having or meeting at a shared border or limit

1. 相接的
2. 同一延伸的
3. 同一界線的
fad
a practice or interest followed for a time with exaggerated zeal : CRAZE
synonym see FASHION
engender
to make people have a particular feeling or make a situation start to exist

- 使產生;引起
obviate
to anticipate and prevent (as a situation) or make unnecessary (as an action)

- 排除,消除
proclivity
an inclination or predisposition toward something; especially : a strong inherent inclination toward something objectionable
synonym see LEANING

傾向;癖性;氣質
cant
1 statements on especially religious or moral subjects which are not sincerely believed by the person making them

2 special words used by a particular group of people such as thieves, lawyers or priests, often in order to keep things secret
embezzlement
to appropriate (as property entrusted to one's care) fraudulently to one's own use <embezzled thousands of dollars>
arduous
1 a : hard to accomplish or achieve : DIFFICULT <years of arduous training> b : marked by great labor or effort : STRENUOUS <a life of arduous toil -- A. C. Cole>
2 : hard to climb : STEEP <an arduous path>
synonym see HARD
gullible
easily duped or cheated
figurehead
1 : the figure on a ship's bow
2 : a head or chief *in name only*
nominal
a: existing or being something in name or form only <nominal head of his party>

b : of, being, or relating to a designated or theoretical size that may vary from the actual : APPROXIMATE <the pipe's nominal size>

c : TRIFLING, INSIGNIFICANT <his involvement was nominal> <charged only nominal rent>
cloister
- 幽閉於修道院中;使與塵世隔絕
- 設迴廊於;用迴廊環繞
statutory
decided or controlled by law:
statutory obligations
tribunal
a special court or group of people who are officially chosen, especially by the government, to examine (legal) problems of a particular type

法庭
congitate
to ponder or meditate on usually intently
synonym see THINK
capitulate
2 a : to surrender often after negotiation of terms b : to cease resisting : ACQUIESCE
synonym see YIELD
extemporize
to speak or perform without advance preparation or thought:
I'd lost my notes and had to extemporize.
iconoclast
a person who strongly opposes generally accepted beliefs and traditions
propensity
an often intense natural inclination or preference
synonym see LEANING
construe
to understand the meaning, especially of other people's actions and statements, in a particular way:
Any change in plan would be construed as indecision.

解釋;理解為