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77 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
meter
basic pulsation
whole step
made up of two half steps, major 2nd interval
whole rest
indicates silence for the duration of four beats
quarter note
note value of one beat
sharp (#)
raises a pitch one half step
rhythm
arrangement of note and rest values
pentatonic scale
a five note scale built on the black keys
major five-finger pattern
aka major pentachord or pentascale
treble clef
indicates pitches of notes, aka G clef because it encircles the second line (G), played by the right hand
bass clef
indicates pitches, aka F clef, because 4th staff line (F) is enclosed by the two dots, played by the left hand
slur
short curved line-marking indicating the notes are to be played legato
tie
curved line connecting two adjacent notes of the same pitch, the second note isn't sounded, but the held for the duration of its value
ritartando (rit.)
gradually slowing of the tempo
drone bass
accompaniment that repeatedly uses the interval of the fifth
round
a melody is played with each new person starting the melody at specific times indicated
Dorian mode
pattern of whole steps and half steps formed by the white keys from D to D
12 bar blues
twelve 4 beat measures
glissando
a sweeping sound produced by pulling one or more fingernails over the keys
aleatoric
uses the element of chance in creating a piece
repeat bar
indicates the piece should be repeated from the beginning or from wherever there is another repeat bar
Da Capo al Fine
means return to the beginning and play to the measure where "fine" appears
fermata
sustain note longer than indicated time value
accidentals
temporarily added to the body of the piece after the pitches, and are canceled by bar lines
staccato
play crisply and detached
accent sign
indicates emphasis
damper pedal
positioned to the right, used to produce blurred tonal effects
upbeat
weak unaccented beat leading to a downbeat
downbeat
a strong accented beat
sforzando (sfz)
play strongly emphasized
diminuendo (dim.)
gradually play softer
presto
very rapidly
vivace
vivacious, spirited
adagio
leisurely, at ease
andantino
somewhat slower than a walking pace
lento
slow
largo
broad
grave
solemn; very slow
a tempo
return to original tempo
meno mosso
w/ less movement/motion
piu mosso
w/ more movement/motion
rubato
'rob' another tempo or time
rallentando (rall.)
ritardando (rit., ritard.)
gradually slow tempo
ritenuto (riten.)
immediately slowing a tempo
fine
@ the end of a composition
cantabile
in singing style
coda
a concluding sections, a few measures, at the end of a piece
Da capo al fine (D.C. al fine)
repeat from the beginning to the end (fine)
con moto
with motion
Da capo (D.C.)
repeat from the beginning
Da capo al coda
repeat from beginning, play to and end with the coda
giocoso
humorously playfully
grazioso
gracefully
intenzionato
in a deliberate manner
lunga
long
maestoso
majestically
marcato
marked; stressed
marziale
in a march-like manner
molto
much
mosso
with motion
pesante
heavily
piu
more
risoluto
boldly
scherzando
playfully
senza
without
simile
in the same manner; similarly
sostenuto
sustained
subito
suddenly at once
troppo
much
una corda
with pedal
tremolo
rapid alternation of two pitches of an interval larger than a second
trill (tr)
even alternation of two adjacent notes
triplet
group of three notes played in the same time as two notes of the same value
invert/inversion
reverse the order/a musical idea presented in contrary motion to its original form
canon
one melodic voice/line imitates another
sequence
same melodic pattern, different pitch
a tempo
return to the original tempo
imitation
the repetition of a musical idea in another voice