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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bas instrument, woodwind family, hybrid of clarinet and trumpet
french term used broadly to indicate a lyrical song from the middle ages to the 20th century
gregorian chant
a large body of unaccompanied monophonic vocal music, set to latin texts, composed for the western church over the course of 15 centuries
hauts instrument
loud instruments. trumpets, sackbut, shawm and drums
melismatic singing
many musical pitches set to one syllable of text
ordinary of the mass
the five sung portions of the mass for which the texts are unvariable. they are sung for every mass
the name given to the early polyphony of the western church form the 9th through 13th centuries
another word for gregorian chant
proper of the mass
the sections the Mass that are sung to the texts that vary with each feast day
a ciriculum of 4 scientific disciplines taught in medieval schools and universities
precursor to the trombone. brass family haut instrument
precursor to the oboe. woodwind family haut instrument
syllabic singing
one musical pitch set to each syllable of text
a literary curriculum of three disciplines taught in mideval schools and universities
female troubadours
secular poet-musicians from the south of france during the 12-13th centuries
secular poet-musicians from the south of france during the 13-14th centuries
secular poet-musicians from Germany during the 12-14th centuries
a boy or adult singer who had been castrated to keep his voice from changing so that it would remain in the soprano register
council of trent
a gathering of bishops and cardinals to debate many aspects of church reform
the church's response to the protestant reformation. resulted in the council of trent
the belief that people have the capacity to shape their world, to create many things good and beautiful that they are something more than a mere conduit for gifts descending from heaven
the process by which one or more musical voices, or parts, enter and duplicate exactly for a period of time the music presented by the previous voice
a popular genre of secular vocal music that originated in italy during the renaissance, in which usually four or five voices sing love poems.
a device originating in the madrigal, by which key words in a text spark a particularly expressive musical setting. sad=chromatic descending motion Aris = notes go up
a composition for choir or larger chorus setting a religious, devotional or solemn text, often sung a cappella. so voices will still be segregated. text may vary away from biblical verse but the sacred function remains
sistine chapel
the pope's private place of devotional worship
word painting
the process of depicting the text in music, be it subtly, overtly, or even jokingly, by means of expressive musical devices