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41 Cards in this Set

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His orchestra in Mannheim experimented with crescendo and decrescendo.
Stamitz
He was a child prodigy who composed for every medium, including the operas,The Magic Flute, Don Giovanni, and The Marriage of Figaro.
Mozart
For much of his life, he served the Esterhazy family in Hungary, where he wrote 104 symphonies.
Haydn
He was born in 1770 in Bonn; as an adult he made a living without a patron, experimenting with an increased orchestra and with the sturdier English piano.
Beethoven
This ensemble consists of two violins, a viola, and a violoncello.
string quartet
He was the librettist for The Marriage of Figaro.
da Ponte
He wrote the French play on which the above opera is based.
Beaumarchais
It is a piece for orchestra in 3 or 4 movements, the first in sonata-allegro form.
symphony
It is a piece for solo instrument and orchestra in 3 movements, the first in sonata-allegro form.
concerto
It is a piece for 1 or 2 solo instruments, in 3 or 4 movements, the first in sonata-allegro form.
sonata
It is a piece for 3-7+ instruments in 3 or 4 movements, the first in sonata-allegro form.
chamber music
An A B A pattern, it is often the form of second movements.
ternary
A comic play sung in Italian, it has recitative and ensembles, made possible by low male voices.
opera buffa
They are major and minor keys with the same key signature.
relatives
They are major and minor keys with the same key note.
parallels
The high female voice, it is most often assigned to young heroines in operas.
soprano
It is a pattern in which A stands for the main theme, which then alternates with other themes. The A theme should return at least 3 times as follows: ABACADA.
rondo
It is the high male voice which sings young, honorable, aristocratic heroes.
tenor
A keyboard instruments popularized in the eighteenth century, it can sustain pitches and crescendo-decrescendo.
pianoforte
It is the key note of a piece.
tonic
It is German comic opera with spoken dialogue.
Singspiel
It is the part of an opera buffa in which all the principal characters sing together, sometimes moving the plot. It happens in the middle and at the end of the opera.
ensemble finale
Serious Italian opera, it has a rigid structure, made up of a series of recitatives and arias, with a set number of arias required for each singer, depending on his/her place in the hierarchy of the cast.
opera seria
This type of texture became prominent in the classic period, particularly in instrumental music.
homophonic
It is a stately dance in 3/4 meter. Its pattern was adopted as the form of third movements of symphonies, sonatas, and chamber music when the piece has 4 movements.
minuet and trio
Beethoven used this form to replace the minuet and trio. It is a three-part form in a fast triple meter.
scherzo and trio
It is the pattern for the first movements of symphonies, chamber music, concertos, and sonatas. It has three parts, the first of which introduces two keys and usually two themes.
sonata-allegro
It is the second part of the sonata-allegro.
The parts are exposition, development, recapitulation. I might give you either of them.
It is the low male voice that sings buffoon or comic parts in the opera buffa.
basso buffo
He was the Hungarian Prince who was Haydn's patron for about 30 years.
Esterhazy
It is the term for a chord in which the notes are played in succession to provide a continual stream of sound rather than blocked all together.
Alberti bass
It refers to rural life and scenes, especially either to the nativity or to an idealized countryside.
pastoral
It was Mozart's birthplace, and every year a festival featuring his music is held there.
Salzburg
A distinguishing characteristic of opera buffa, it means groups of principal singers from duets to all the principals singing together.
ensembles
It is the middle female voice, and it is used for supporting female roles in opera.
mezzo-soprano
It is the lowest female voice, and it is used for older servants in opera.
contralto
It is the middle male voice, and it is used for fathers and for dishonorable aristocrats.
baritone
It is the lowest male voice, and it is used for servants, for priests, and for Jesus.
bass
It is a form in which a theme, usually of two phrases is sounded. It then returns in the exact same length, but it is altered either melodically, harmonically, rhythmically, or modally.
theme and variations
It is a showy passage for the soloist appearing near the end of the movement in an instrumental or a vocal work. It usually incorporates rapid runs, arpeggios, and snippets of previously heard themes into a fantasylike improvisation.
cadenza
He was court composer to Emperor Joseph II and his two successors in Vienna. He taught Beethoven, Schubert, Liszt, and one of Mozart's sons.
Salieri