Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A Triad is made up of
2 superimposed 3rds
The first, or bottom note, of a chord or triad is called the
Root tone
When all the notes of the chord or triad are contained in the key signature with no accidentals the chord is said to be
Diatonic
A major chord or triad is formed when the intervals of a _______ and a _________ are placed above the root tone
Major 3rd and perfect 5th
A minor chord or triad is formed when the intervals of a _______ and a _________ are placed above the root tone
Minor 3rd and perfect 5th
A diminished chord or triad is formed when the intervals of a _______ and a _________ are placed above the root tone
Minor 3rd and diminished 5th
A augmented chord or triad is formed when the intervals of a _______ and a _________ are placed above the root tone
Major 3rd and augmented 5th
The word sometimes used to describe a chords sound ie.. major, minor etc. is
Sonority
Whan a chord or triad's root tone is not in the bottom voice the arrangement of notes are in
Inversion
When the 3rd of the chord or triad is in the bass voice the it's said to be in
1st inversion
When the 5th of the chord or triad is in the bass voice the it's said to be in
2nd inversion
The distance between notes is called an
Interval
If a note is added to a triad a 3rd above the 5th the chord is now a
7th chord
The interval form the root tone to the last note of a 7th chord is a
7th
A 7th chord is formed by placing a ___ , ___ , and ___ above the root tone
3rd, 5th, 7th
Sound is a sensation preceived by the ear when __________ reach the ear.
Sound waves / vibrations
When a string or column of air vibrates the increase of pressure is called the __________ and the decrease in pressure is called __________ .
Compression / Rarefrction
The term given to the number of compressions and rearfactions that occure is called the ___________ .
Frequency
The highness or lowness of a tone is called the tone's ______________ .
Pitch
The loudness or softness that a tone sounds is called ______________ .
Intensity
The length of time a pitch or tone sounds is called ____________ .
Duration
A tone's sound quality as is the differance between a clarinet's sound and an oboe's sound is called ____________
Timbre
Music is the art of sound its characteristics are _________ ,________ ,________ and ___________ .
Pitch, duration, intensity, and timbre
The first partial of the overtone series is refered to as the __________ .
Fundamental
The staff is comprised of _____ lines and _____ spaces
5/4
The leter names of notes are __ __ __ __ __ __ __ .
ABCDEFG
A _____ is placed a the beginning of the staff to establish the letter names of the lines and spaces.
Clef
The Treble clef designates the 2nd line of the staff as the tone ____ .
G
The Bass clef designates the 4th line of the staff as the tone ____ .
F
The C clef is a movable clef and designates it's intersection line on the staff as the tone ____ .
Middle C