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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Church Modes
The names of the church modes are Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian, and Locrian, and they match geographic or ethnic regions in ancient Greece.
Melodic Minor
Lower the 3rd on the way up, and 3,6,7 on the way down
Harmonic Minor
Lower 3 and 6
Scale Degrees
Tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominatnt, sub mendiant, leading tone (or sub tonic of it is lowered), and tonic again.
Dominant 7th chord
Major third, minor 7th
Half-diminished 7th chord
Diminished triad (lowered 3rd and 5th) and a minor seventh.
Fully-diminished 7th chord
Diminished triad and a diminished (lowered twice) seventh.
Phrygian Half Cadence
iv6 to V
Deceptive Cadence
V to anything other than I
Plagal Cadence
IV to I (including inversions)
Perfect Authentic Cadence
V to I, no inversions
tonic is in the last soprano note
Root position
Half Cadence
anything to a V chord
What should you avoid when writing harmonies?
Parallel 5ths and octaves!
Relative minor of Bb major
g minor
Relative minor of Ab major
f minor
Relative major of b minor
D major
how many sharps or flats does the key of e minor have?
1 sharp, equivalent of G major.
Oblique Motion
In part-writing, oblique motion occurs when one voice (or more) remains on the same pitch while the other ascends or descends.
Pedal Point
Term used for a drone (a low, sustained tone) that remains steady in the bass of a composition while other voices move about above it. An organ point is also called a pedal tone, a pedal, or a drone.
The harmonic sequence is the same for minor and major key signitures, except for what difference?
The VII is before the III in the minor key.